Place:Córdoba, Argentina

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NameCórdoba
Alt namesCordoba provincesource: Getty Vocabulary Program
Córdobasource: Getty Vocabulary Program
Córdobasource: Wikipedia
TypeProvince
Coordinates32°S 64°W
Located inArgentina
Contained Places
Inhabited place
Achiras
Alcira
Alejandro Roca
Alejo Ledesma
Almafuerte
Alta Gracia
Arias
Arroyito
Ballesteros
Balnearia
Bell Ville
Buchardo
Canals
Capilla del Monte
Colonia Caroya
Coronel Moldes
Corral de Bustos
Corralito
Cosquín
Cruz Alta
Cruz del Eje
Córdoba ( 1573 - )
Dalmacio Vélez Sársfield
Del Campillo
Devoto
Deán Funes
Ferreyra
Freyre
General Cabrera
General Levalle
Guatimozín
Hernando
Huinca Renancó
Isla Verde
James Craik
Jesús María
Justiniano Posse
La Carlota
La Cumbre
La Falda
La Francia
Laborde
Laboulaye
Laguna Larga
Las Arrias
Las Varillas
Leones
Los Cerrillos
Marcos Juárez
Miramar
Monte Buey
Monte Maíz
Morrison
Morteros
Noetinger
Oliva
Oncativo
Pilar
Piñas
Porteña
Pozo del Molle
Quilino
Río Ceballos
Río Cuarto ( 1794 - )
Río Segundo
Río Tercero
Salsacate
Sampacho
San Agustín
San Francisco del Chañar
San Francisco ( 1886 - )
Santa Magdalena
Santa Rosa de Río Primero
Saturnino M. Laspiur
Serrezuela
Ucacha
Unquillo
Valle Hermoso
Viamonte
Vicuña Mackenna
Villa Allende
Villa Carlos Paz
Villa Concepción del Tío
Villa Dolores
Villa Huidobro
Villa María ( 1867 - )
Villa Nueva
Villa Valeria
Villa de María
Villa de Soto
Villa del Rosario
Unknown
Alpa Corral
Calamuchita
Camilo Aldao
Candelaria Sud
Capital
Colón
Frontera Sud
General Roca
General San Martín
Guarnición Sarmiento
Ischilín
Italó
Juárez Celman
La Cruz
Minas (departamento)
Minas
Montecristo
Obispo Trejo
Peñas
Pocho
Punilla
Pólvora
Reducción
Rodeo Viejo
Río Cuarto (departamento)
Río Primero
Río Seco
Río de las Sauces
San Alberto
San Bartolomé
San Carlos Minas
San Javier
San Justo
San Pedro
Santa Catalina
Santa María
Sobremonte
Tegüa
Tercero Arriba
Totoral (departamento)
Totoral
Trenque-Laquen
Tulumba (departamento)
Tulumba
Unión
Villa Ascasubi
Villa Cura Brochero
Villa Quilino
source: Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names
source: Family History Library Catalog


the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Córdoba is a province of Argentina, located in the center of the country. Neighboring provinces are (clockwise from the north): Santiago del Estero, Santa Fe, Buenos Aires, La Pampa, San Luis, La Rioja and Catamarca. Together with Santa Fe and Entre Ríos, the province is part of the economic and political association known as the Center Region.

Córdoba is the second most populous Argentine province, with 3,308,876 inhabitants, and the fifth by size, at about 165,321 km². Almost 41% of its inhabitantes reside in the capital city, Córdoba, and its sourroundings, making it the second most populous metro area in Argentina.

History

the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Before the Spanish conquista the region now called Córdoba Province was inhabited by indigenous groups, most notably the Comechingones and Sanavirones.

Once settled in Alto Perú, the Spaniards searched for a route to the Río de la Plata port in the Atlantic Ocean] to transport the Peruvian gold and silver to Europe.

Córdoba de la Nueva Andalucía (nowadays the city of Córdoba) was founded as a middle point on that route on July 6, 1573 by Jerónimo Luis de Cabrera. The Colegio Convictorio de Nuestra Señora de Monserrat was founded by the Jesuits in 1599, followed by the National University of Córdoba, Argentina's first university, in 1622. The city continued to grow as an important cultural center, supported by the trade of precious metals from Peru. In 1761 a printing press was installed in the University.

In 1783, seven years after the consolidation of the Viceroyalty of the Río de la Plata, the Intendency of Córdoba became the capital of what now includes the La Rioja, Mendoza, San Juan and San Luis Province, dividing the former Tucumán Intendency in two. Rafael de Sobremonte was its first governor, when Córdoba City had 38,800 inhabitants.

After the May Revolution in 1810, Governor Juan Gutiérrez de la Concha joined a meeting that decided to ignore the authority of the Buenos Aires Junta. Francisco Ortiz de Ocampo attacked the city and executed the leaders of the opposition, among whom was Santiago de Liniers, leader of the resistance during the British invasions of the Río de la Plata.

Led by Juan Bautista Bustos after 1820, Córdoba struggled for control of the Nation with Buenos Aires; the United Provinces of South America had neither legislative nor executive branches at the time. Córdoba sought a federal organization of the provinces while Rivadavia pushed for a centralised government in Buenos Aires. For 15 years the province was submerged in internal revolts that started to stabilize in 1868 under the provisional government of Félix de la Peña.

During the presidency of Sarmiento an astronomic observatory (1871) and the Faculty of Physic Sciences and Mathematics (1873) were inaugurated.

The creation of the railways and the consequent immigration brought a second wave of population growth to Córdoba. From 1887 on, several agricultural colonies (San Francisco, Marcos Juárez, etc.) emerged, while former rest-point Fraile Muerto (Bell Ville), Ferreira (Villa María) and Los Luceros (Río Segundo), on the route to Buenos Aires, became agricultural, commercial and industrial centers, respectively.

The University Reform movement, which originated in Córdoba in 1918, was influential not only in Argentina but throughout South America. Modernization of the curricular contents and the improvement of the students' rights were the main achievements of the movement and in Córdoba, and were largely enacted by Governor Amadeo Sabattini, who became Argentina's most progressive governor at the time and enacted civil and land reforms that would later set the national standard.

After World War II, many foreign workers and workers from other provinces in Argentina were seduced by Córdoba's industrial development, led by the expansion of the car industry. It was during Arturo Frondizi's presidency (1958–1962) that most new auto industries settled in the city of Córdoba and its surroundings.

As in the rest of the country, Peronist groups emerged in 1955 following the coup that removed Juan Perón from office. These Peronist groups, together with other socialist and anarchist groups, began opposing Argentina's third military dictatorship that began in 1966. Worker and student participation in politics grew due to the widespread discontent with the appointed governor's hard-line stance, culminating in the violent May, 1969, popular revolt known as the Cordobazo. This revolt, mirrored by the Rosariazo and others in several parts of the country, undermined the power of dictator Juan Carlos Onganía and ultimately led to his ouster by more moderate military factions.

Córdoba has continued to prosper, despite left-wing violence in 1973, right-wing political interference in 1974, government atrocities in 1976–77, 1978–81 free trade policies that battered Córdoba's sizable industrial sector, the 1980s debt crisis and, the recent acute financial crisis that ended in 2002.

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This page uses content from the English Wikipedia. The original content was at Córdoba Province (Argentina). The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with WeRelate, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.