Butterwick is one of eighteen civil parishes which, together with Boston, form the Borough of Boston local government arrangement, in place since a reorganisation of 1 April 1974, which resulted from the Local Government Act 1972. The parish forms part of the Coastal electoral ward.
Hitherto, the parish had formed part of Boston Rural District in the Parts of Holland. Holland was one of the three divisions (formally known as parts) of the traditional county of Lincolnshire. Since the 1888 Local Government Act Holland had been, in most respects, a county in itself.
The name comes from the Old English "butere" and "wic" meaning a butter specialised farm.
Butterwick Grade I listed Anglican church is dedicated to St Andrew. It contains Early English style arcades and font. In 1916 Cox reported that an ancient sycamore, planted in 1653, stood in the churchyard.
Butterwick Mill, a Grade II listed tower mill built in 1871, has been partially restored by Lincolnshire County Council.
The village also has a public house (The Five Bells), a Church of England primary school, fish and chip shop, park, and small businesses.