Place:Bureau, Illinois, United States


the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Bureau County is a county located in the U.S. state of Illinois. As of the 2010 census, the population was 34,978. Its county seat is Princeton.

Bureau County is part of the Ottawa-Peru, IL Micropolitan Statistical Area, which is also included in the Chicago-Naperville, IL-IN-WI Combined Statistical Area. Hennepin Canal Parkway State Park is located partly in this county.

Contents

History

the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Bureau County was organized out of Putnam County in 1837. It is named for Michel or Pierre Bureau. Their original surname was probably Belleau, but local aboriginals may have had difficulty pronouncing the "l" sound. One or both of the brothers ran a trading post near where Big Bureau Creek empties into the Illinois River from 1776 until 1780 or 1790.

Burea County was a New England settlement. The original founders of Princeton consisted entirely of settlers from New England. These people were "Yankee's", that is to say they were descended from the English Puritans who settled New England in the 1600s. They were part of a wave of New England farmers who headed west into what was then the wilds of the Northwest Territory during the early 1800s. Most of them arrived as a result of the completion of the Erie Canal. When they arrived in what is now Bureau County there was nothing but a virgin forest and wild prairie, the New Englanders laid out farms, constructed roads, erected government buildings and established post routes. They brought with them many of their Yankee New England values, such as a passion for education, establishing many schools as well as staunch support for abolitionism. They were mostly members of the Congregationalist Church though some were Episcopalian. Culturally Bureau County, like much of northern Illinois would be culturally very continuous with early New England culture, for most of its history.

Like so many other areas in the Midwest, this county was on a "line" of the Underground Railroad. There was a "station" at the home of Owen Lovejoy in Princeton, as well as several other locations throughout the county.

Timeline

Date Event Source
1817 Land records recorded Source:Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources
1837 County formed Source:Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources
1837 Court records recorded Source:Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources
1837 Marriage records recorded Source:Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources
1837 Probate records recorded Source:Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources
1840 First census Source:Population of States and Counties of the United States: 1790-1990
1840 No significant boundary changes after this year Source:Population of States and Counties of the United States: 1790-1990
1878 Birth records recorded Source:Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources

Population History

source: Source:Population of States and Counties of the United States: 1790-1990
Census Year Population
1840 3,067
1850 8,841
1860 26,426
1870 32,415
1880 33,172
1890 35,014
1900 41,112
1910 43,975
1920 42,648
1930 38,845
1940 37,600
1950 37,711
1960 37,594
1970 38,541
1980 39,114
1990 35,688

Cemeteries

Cemeteries of Bureau County, Illinois, United States

Research Tips

Resources

source: Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names
source: Family History Library Catalog


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