Place:Buenos Aires, Argentina

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NameBuenos Aires
Alt namesBuenos Airessource: Getty Vocabulary Program
TypeProvince
Coordinates34.667°S 58.5°W
Located inArgentina
Contained Places
Department
La Matanza
Inhabited place
Abasto
Abbott
Acassuso
Acevedo
Alastuey
Alberti
Aldo Bonzi
Algarrobo
Almirante Brown ( 1850 - )
Alsina
Altamira
Altamirano
Ameghino
Anasagasti
Antonio Carboni
Apeadero Funke
Arana
Arboledas
Arrecifes
Atalaya
Atucha
Avellaneda
Ayacucho
Azcuénaga
Azucena
Azul
Bahía Blanca ( 1700 - )
Balcarce
Banfield
Baradero
Barrow
Bella Vista
Belén de Escobar
Benavídez
Berazategui ( 1800 - )
Berisso
Bosques
Bragado
Buchanan
Buenos Aires
Burzaco
Cabildo
Cacharí
Campana
Canning
Capilla del Señor
Capitán Sarmiento
Carhué
Carlos Beguerie
Carlos Casares
Carlos Keen
Carlos Tejedor
Carmen de Patagones
Carmen
Casbas
Caseros ( 1750 - )
Castelar
Castelli
Cañuelas
Chacabuco
Chascomús
Chenaut
Chillar
Chivilcoy
City Bell
Ciudad General Belgrano
Claraz
Claypole
Colonia Hogar Ricardo Gutiérrez
Colón
Comandante Nicanor Otamendi
Comodoro Py
Copetonas
Coronel Brandsen
Coronel Dorrego
Coronel Pringles
Coronel Suárez
Coronel Vidal
Cortines
Daireaux
Darregueira
Del Carril
Del Viso
Diego Gaynor
Dolores
Domselaar
Don Torcuato
Egaña
El Palomar
El Talar
Elvira
Elías Romero
Empalme San Vicente
Enrique Fynn
Ensenada
Ernestina
Escalada
Esquina Negra
Esteban Echeverría
Ezeiza
Ezpeleta
Florencio Varela ( 1873 - )
Francisco A. Berra
Francisco Álvarez
Fátima
Gardey
Garín
General Alvear
General Arenales
General Belgrano
General Conesa
General Daniel Cerri
General Guido
General Hornos
General Juan Madariaga
General La Madrid
General Las Heras
General Lavalle
General Mansilla
General O'Brien
General Pacheco
General Paz
General Pinto
General Rodríguez
General Rojo
General San Martín ( 1700 - )
General Sarmiento ( 1862 - )
General Viamonte
General Villegas
Glew
Gobernador Andonaegui
Gobernador Monteverde
Gobernador Udaondo
Goldney
Gonzales Cháves
González Catán
González Moreno
González Risos
Goyeneche
Guaminí
Guernica
Guillermo E. Hudson
Gándara
Henderson
Huanguelén
Hurlingham
Ingeniero Juan Allan
Ingeniero Maschwitz
Ingeniero White
Ingeniero Williams
Ingeniero Ŕomulo Otamendi
Isidro Casanova
Ituzaingó
Jeppener
José C. Paz
José María Blanco
José Santos Arévalo
Juan Atucha
Juan E. Barra
Juan N. Fernández
Juan Tronconi
Junín ( 1800 - )
Juárez
Jáuregui
La Choza
La Noria
La Plata ( 1882 - )
La Verde
Laferrere
Lanús
Laprida
Las Chacras
Las Flores
Las Marianas
Las Palmas
Leandro N. Alem
Libertad
Lima
Lincoln
Lobería
Lobos
Loma Verde
Lomas de Zamora ( 1550 - )
Longchamps
Los Cardales
Los Hornos
Los Polvorines
Louge
Lozano
Luis Guillón
Luján
Magdalena
Maipú
Manzone
Mar del Plata ( 1581 - )
Marcos Paz
Mariano Acosta
Mariano J. Haedo
María Ignacia
Matheu
Mayor Buratovich
Maza
Mechita
Mercedes
Merlo ( 1550 - )
Ministro Rivadavia
Miramar
Moreno ( 1860 - )
Morón ( 1500 - )
Muñiz
Máximo Paz
Médanos
Navarro
Necochea
Norberto de la Riestra
Nueve de Julio
Olascoaga
Olavarría
Oliden
Olivera
Open Door
Ordoqui
Orense
Oriente
Pasman
Paso del Rey
Pavón
Pedernales
Pedro Luro
Pehuajó
Pellegrini
Pergamino ( 1626 - )
Pigüé
Pila
Pilar
Pipinas
Pirovano
Piñero
Plomer
Plátanos
Poblet
Polvaredas
Pontevedra
Presidente Derqui
Puerto Belgrano
Punta Alta
Puán
Quequén
Rafael Calzada
Rafael Castillo
Ramos Mejía
Ranelagh
Rauch
Rawson
Recalde
Remedios de Escalada
Rivadavia
Rivera
Roberto Payró
Rojas
Roque Pérez
Río Luján
Saavedra
Saladillo
Saldungaray
Salliqueló
Salto
Salvador María
San Agustín
San Andrés de Giles
San Antonio de Areco
San Antonio de Padua
San Carlos de Bolívar
San Cayetano
San Eladio
San Enrique
San Isidro
San Justo ( 1856 - )
San Manuel
San Miguel del Monte
San Nicolás de los Arroyos ( 1748 - )
San Pedro
San Vicente
Santiago Larre
Sierra Chica
Sierras Bayas
Solís
Stroeder
Sucre
Suipacha
Tablada
Tandil
Tapalquén
Tapiales
Temperley
Tigre
Tomás Jofré
Tornquist
Torres
Tortuguitas
Trenque Lauquen
Tres Algarrobos
Tres Arroyos
Tristán Suárez
Udaquiola
Uribelarrea
Vagues
Vedia
Veinticinco de Mayo
Verónica
Vicente Casares
Vicente López ( 1580 - )
Victorino de la Plaza
Vieytes
Villa Fiorito
Villa Giambruno
Villa Iris
Villa Lía
Villa Madero
Villa Numancia
Villa Rosa
Villa Ruiz
Villa de Mayo
Villalonga
Villars
Vivoratá
Warnes
Zapiola
Zelaya
Zenón Videla Dorna
Zárate ( 1825 - )
Álvarez Jonte
Ángel Etcheverry
Partido
Avellaneda (partido) ( 1850 - )
La Plata (partido)
Lanús (partido)
Lomas de Zamora (partido)
Quilmes ( 1665 - )
San Fernando
San Isidro (partido) ( 1580 - )
San Vicente (partido)
Tigre (partido) ( 1650 - )
Unknown
Androgué
Azul (partido)
Bahía Blanca (partido)
Baradero (partido)
Bartolomé Mitre
Belgrano
Bolívar (partido)
Bolívar
Brandsen (partido)
Brandsen
Carmen de Areco
Exaltación de la Cruz
Garay
General Alvarado
General Madariaga
General Pirán
General Pueyrredón (partido)
General Pueyrredón
Lobos (partido)
Luján (partido)
Mar Chiquita (partido)
Mar Chiquita
Mar de Ajó
Martín García
Mercedes (partido)
Monte
Olvarría
Patagones
Pergamino (partido)
Pueblo San José
Ramallo (partido)
Ramallo
Rivas
San Martín
San Nicolás
Santa María
Tandil (partido)
Tapalqué
Tordillo
Villarino
Zárate (partido)
source: Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names
source: Family History Library Catalog


the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

The Province of Buenos Aires (Provincia de Buenos Aires) (English: Fair Winds) is the largest and most populous Argentinian province. It takes the name from the city of Buenos Aires, which used to be the provincial capital until it was federalized in 1880. The current capital of the province is the city of La Plata, founded in 1882.

The province borders Entre Ríos to the northeast; Santa Fe to the north; Córdoba to the northwest, La Pampa to the west; and Río Negro to south and west; and the City of Buenos Aires to the northeast and Uruguay is just across the Rio de la Plata to the northeast near the Atlantic Ocean. The entire province is part of the Pampas geographical region.

The province has a population of about 15.6 million people, or 39% of Argentina's total population. Nearly 10 million people live in Greater Buenos Aires, the metropolitan area surrounding the Autonomous City of Buenos Aires. The area of the province, , makes it the largest in Argentina with around 11% of the country's total area.

History

the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

The inhabitants of the province before the 16th century advent of Spanish colonisation were aboriginal peoples such as the Charrúas and the Querandíes; but their culture was lost over the next 350 years. They were subjected to a virtual genocide from which few survived. The survivors joined other tribes or have been mostly absorbed by Argentina's European ethnic majority.

Pedro de Mendoza founded Santa María del Buen Ayre in 1536 and even though the first contact with the aboriginals was peaceful, it soon became hostile. The city was evacuated in 1541. Juan de Garay re-founded the settlement in 1580 as Santísima Trinidad y Puerto Santa María de los Buenos Aires.

Amidst ongoing conflict with the aboriginals, the cattle farms extended from Buenos Aires, whose port was always the centre of the economy of the territory. Following the creation of the Viceroyalty of the Río de la Plata at the end of the 18th century, the export of meat, leather and their derivatives through the port of Buenos Aires was the basis of the economic development of the region.

Jesuits unsuccessfully tried to peacefully assimilate the aboriginals into the European culture brought by the Spanish conquistadores. A certain balance was found at the end of the 18th century, when the Salado River became the limit between both civilizations, and despite frequent malones (aboriginal attacks on border settlements). The end to such situation came as late as 1879 with the Conquest of the Desert (Conquista del Desierto) in which the aboriginals where almost completely exterminated.

After the independence from Spain in 1816, the city and province of Buenos Aires became the focus of an intermittent Argentine Civil War with other provinces. A Federal Pact secured by Governor Juan Manuel de Rosas in 1831 led to the establishment of the Argentine Confederation and to his gaining the sum of public power, which provided a tenuous unity. Ongoing disputes regarding the influence of Buenos Aires, between Federalists and Unitarians, and over the Port of Buenos Aires (the prime source of public revenue at the time) fueled periodic hostilities. The province was declared independent on September 11, 1852, as the State of Buenos Aires, but concessions gained in the 1859 Pact of San José de Flores and a victory at the Battle of Pavón led to its reincorporation into the Argentine Republic on December 17, 1861. Intermittent conflicts with the nation did not truly cease until 1880, when the city of Buenos Aires was formally federalized and, thus, administratively separated from the province itself.


La Plata was founded in 1882 by Governor Dardo Rocha for the purpose of becoming the provincial capital. The equivalent of a billion (1880s) dollars of British investment and pro-development, education and immigration policies pursued at the national level subsequently spurred dramatic economic growth. Driven by European immigration and improved health, the province's population, like Argentina's, nearly doubled to one million by 1895 and doubled again by 1914. Rail lines connected nearly every town and hamlet in the province by 1914; indeed, many developed around the new railway stations, themselves.

This era of accelerated development was cut short by the Wall Street Crash of 1929, which caused a sharp drop in commodity prices (99% of Argentine exports were, at the time, agricultural in nature) and led to a halt in the flow of investment funds between nations. The new Concordance and Perón governments funded ambitious lending and public works programs, visible in Buenos Aires Province through the panoply of levees, power plants, water works, paved roads, municipal buildings, and (particularly during Perón's 1946-55 tenure) schools, clinics and massive regional hospitals.

The province's population, after 1930, began to grow disproportionately quickly in the suburban areas around the city of Buenos Aires. These suburbs had grown to include 4 million out of the province's total 7 million people in 1960.[1] Much of the area these new suburbs were developed on, however, (particularly the poorer ones) consisted of wetlands and were prone to flooding. To address this, Governor Oscar Alende initiated the province's most important flood-control project to date, the Roggero Reservoir. Completed a decade later, in 1971, the reservoir and associated electric and water-treatment facilities encouraged still more, and more orderly, development of the Greater Buenos Aires region, which today includes around 10 million people ( of the provincial population); however, it did not address worsening pollution resulting from the area's industrial growth, which had made itself evident since around 1920. This problem has been at its worst along the Reconquista River west and north of the city of Buenos Aires; over 4 million people (one in 10 Argentines) today live on the Reconquista's basin. Of these, about a million still live with seriously compromised water quality, despite the province's numerous (sometimes counterproductive) efforts to remedy the issue.

In April 2013, the northeastern section of Buenos Aires Province, particularly its capital, La Plata, experienced several flash floods that claimed the lives of at least 59 people.

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This page uses content from the English Wikipedia. The original content was at Buenos Aires Province. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with WeRelate, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.