Buckden is situated in the Yorkshire Dales National Park, on the River Wharfe in Wharfedale. According to the 2001 census it had a population of 184. It is situated where Buckden Gill, which rises on Buckden Pike, joins the River Wharfe. Up the Gill is an old, long disused, lead mine - Buckden Gavel Mine.
GENUKI states that in 1822 Buckden had a population of 382.
For more information, see the EN Wikipedia article Buckden.