The village of Brompton-by-Sawdon is about west of Scarborough itself, close to the North York Moors and on the A170 road. According to the 2011 UK census, Brompton parish had a population of 573, an increase on the 2001 UK census figure of 516.
Under 'Brompton', the sign on entry to the village reads 'The Birthplace Of Aviation' owing to the long term residence of pioneering aeronautical engineer Sir George Cayley. Brompton has been the seat of the Cayley family since the Middle Ages.
The poet William Wordsworth, married Mary Hutchinson at All Saints' Church in the village, on 4 October 1802. A copy of the wedding certificate can be seen in All Saints Church.