- source: Family History Library Catalog
- source: Family History Library Catalog
- the following text is based on an article in Wikipedia
Brixton is an area in the southern part of London within the London Borough of Lambeth. Brixton is mainly residential with a prominent street market and substantial retail sector. It is a multiethnic community, with a large percentage of its population being of African and Caribbean descent. It lies within Inner London and is bordered by Stockwell, Clapham, Streatham, Camberwell, Tulse Hill and Herne Hill. The main offices of the London Borough of Lambeth are in Brixton.
For more information, see the EN Wikipedia article Brixton. This is a very long article, but provides very little information pre 1900. The quotation from Wilson's Imperial Gazetteer of England and Wales of 1870-72 given below shows just how large the neighbourhood was even in the 19th century. The total population of Lambeth, including Brixton, in the census of 2011 was approximately 304,500.
A nineteenth century description
A Vision of Britain through Time provides the following description of Brixton from John Marius Wilson's Imperial Gazetteer of England and Wales of 1870-72:
- "BRIXTON, a metropolitan suburb, five chapelries, a [registration] subdistrict, and a hundred, in Surrey. The suburb is in Lambeth parish, 2 miles SSW of St. Paul's, London; extends about 2 miles southward from the vicinity of Kennington: is partly well edificed in contiguity with other suburbs; has a [railway] station with telegraph on the London, Chatham, and Dover railway, and a station on the line from Ludgate-Hill; has also post offices of [Brixton], [Brixton] Rise, [Brixton] Hill, [Brixton] Road, North [Brixton], and Tulse-Hill, under London S.; and contains Drouet's establishment for pauper children, Bailey's asylum for aged females, and the county house of correction. The chapelries are [Brixton] St. Matthew, constituted in 1824, and subsequently curtailed; [Brixton] St. John, constituted in 1853; [Brixton] Christchurch, in 1856; Tulse-Hill, in 1856; and [Brixton] St. Jude, in 1868. Population of [Brixton] St. [Matthew]: 10,305; of [Brixton] St. John: 4,967; of [Brixton] [Christchurch]: 3,776. The livings of [St. Matthew], St. John, and [omitted, but Christchurch] are vicarages, and that of St. Jude a [perpetual] curacy, in the diocese of London. Value of St. [Matthew]: £766; of St. John: £250; of [Christchurch]: £700; of St. Jude: not reported. Patron of St. [Matthew]: the Archbishop; of St. John: W. H. Stone, Esq.; of [Christchurch]: the Rev. J. M'C. Hussey; of St. Jude: Trustees. Tulse-Hill is separately noticed. St. Matthew's church is a Doric structure, with portico, tower, and spire; and cost £15,192. St. Jude's church is a cruciform edifice, in mixed pointed styles, peculiar and showy; has two porticos and a tower, and was built in 1868. There are chapels for Independents, Lady Huutingdon's Connexion, and Methodists.
- "The subdistrict is in Lambeth [registration] district, and conterminate with the chapelry of Brixton-St. Matthew as it was originally constituted. Acres: 1,445. Population: 20,067. Houses: 3,223.
- "The hundred is cut into two divisions, Eastern and Western. The E. division comprises Lambeth parish, seven other parishes, and part of two others. Acres: 22,186. Population in 1851: 314,815. The W. division comprises Wandsworth parish, six other parishes, and part of another. Acres: 7,699. Population in 1851: 9,552. Population of the entire hundred in 1861: 409,504. Houses: 62,763."
Greater London Research Tips
- See wiki.familysearch.org under "London" and also under "Middlesex", "Surrey" and "Kent" for key information about Greater London's jurisdictions and records, plus links to indexes, reference aids and Family History Library holdings.
- The London Metropolitan Archives (40 Northampton Road, Clerkenwell, London EC1R 0HB) holds records relating to the whole of Greater London. Ancestry (subscription necessary) has produced transcriptions and provides images of lists of baptisms, marriages, and burials in churches across Greater London. These lists start in 1813 and stretch into the 20th century.
- GENUKI has a long list of websites and archive holders in addition to London Metropolitan Archives above. (The list from GENUKI is not maintained so well that there is never a dead link in it. However, it is often worth googling the title given on the page just in case the contributor has reorganized their website.)
- GENUKI also has a list of the Archives and Local Studies Libraries for each of the boroughs of Greater London.
- The London Encyclopaedia by Ben Weinreb and Christopher Hibbert. An e-book available online through Google, originally published by Pan Macmillan. There is a search box in the left-hand pane.
- London Lives. A very useful free website for anyone researching their London ancestors between the years 1690-1800. This is a fully searchable edition of 240,000 manuscripts from eight archives and fifteen datasets, giving access to 3.35 million names.
- London Ancestor, a website belonging to one of the London family history societies, has a list of transcriptions of directories from the 18th century, listing in one case "all the squares, streets, lanes, courts, yards, alleys, &C. in and about Five Miles of the Metropolis..." In other parts of the same website are maps of various parts of 19th century London and Middlesex.
- The proceedings of the Old Bailey, London's central criminal court, 1674-1913. A fully searchable edition of the largest body of texts detailing the lives of non-elite people ever published, containing 197,745 criminal trials held at London's central criminal court. This website is free to use.
- Registration Districts in London, Registration Districts in Middlesex, Registration Districts in Surrey, Registration Districts in Kent, are lists of the registration districts used for civil registration (births, marriages and deaths, as well as the censuses). There are linked supporting lists of the parishes which made up each registration district, the dates of formation and abolition of the districts, the General Register Office numbers, and the local archive-holding place. This work has been carried out by Brett Langston under the agency of GENUKI (Genealogy United Kingdom and Ireland) and UKBMD - Births, Marriages, Deaths & Censuses on the Internet.
- Brixton St. Matthew (https://familysearch.org/learn/wiki/en/Brixton_St_Matthew,_Surrey_Genealogy) was one of many ecclesiastical parishes in Lambeth. For a list of all of them with locations on a map, see England & Wales Jurisdictions 1851. For Brixton St. Matthew, parish records began in 1825. Separate registers exist for Lambeth Workshouse from 1803.
- Also from England & Wales Jurisdictions 1851: "The following non-Church of England denominations were located somewhere in Lambeth, but the exact parish has not been identified: Baptist, Bible Christian, Bible Christian Methodist, Christians, Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, Countess of Huntingdon Methodist, Independent/Congregational, Plymouth Brethren, Presbyterian, Primitive Methodist, Protestant Dissenters, Society of Friends/Quaker, Unitarian, Wesleyan Methodist, Wesleyan Methodist Association, and Wesleyan Methodist Reform."
- A History of the County of Surrey: Volume 4, chapter on Lambeth first published 1912 and available online through British History Online.