Place:Braintree, Braintree, Essex, England

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NameBraintree
Alt namesBranchetreusource: Domesday Book (1985) p 100
TypeTown
Coordinates51.883°N 0.533°E
Located inBraintree, Essex, England
source: Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names
source: Family History Library Catalog


the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Braintree is a town with a population consisting of about 41,634 people or 53,477 for urban area including Gt.Notley, Rayne and High Garrett(2011 census). Braintree is also the principal settlement of the Braintree District Council area of Essex in the East of England. It is northeast of Chelmsford and west of Colchester on the River Blackwater, A120 road and a branch of the Great Eastern Main Line.

Braintree has grown contiguous with several surrounding settlements: Braintree proper lies to the south of Stane Street, and Bocking lies to the north. The two together can be referred to as Braintree and Bocking, although many people refer to them together as "Braintree" .

Braintree is twinned with the French town of Pierrefitte-sur-Seine.[1]

Braintree, Massachusetts, United States, was named after the town in 1640.[1]

History

the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Braintree dates back over 4,000 years when it was just a small village. When the Romans invaded, they built two roads; a settlement developed at the junction of these two roads but was later abandoned when the Romans left Britain. The town was recorded in the Domesday Book of 1085 when it was called Branchetreu and consisted of in the possession of Richard, son of Count Gilbert. Pilgrims used the town as a stop-over, the size of the town increased and the Bishop of London obtained a market charter for the town in 1190.[1] The town prospered from the 17th century when Flemish immigrants made the town famous for its wool cloth trade.[1] In 1665, the Great Plague killed 865 of the population of just 2,300 people.[1] The wool trade died out in the early 19th century and Braintree became a centre for silk manufacturing when George Courtauld opened a silk mill in the town.[1] By the mid 19th century, Braintree was a thriving agricultural and textile town, and benefited from a railway connection to London.[1] The wealthy Courtauld family had a strong influence on the town, supporting plans for many of the town's public buildings such as the town hall and public gardens established in 1888.[1]

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