Birchanger is a village and civil parish in Essex, England. It is located northeast from Bishop's Stortford, Hertfordshire and is northwest from the county town of Chelmsford. The village is in the district of Uttlesford and in the parliamentary constituency of Saffron Walden. There is a Parish Council.
The local church is St Mary's, CoE and the village has a cricket, bowls and football club. It close to London Stansted Airport, which is to the east and is south of Stansted Mountfitchet. It is also the site of a Birchanger Green services, a motorway service station on the M11 motorway.
According to the 2001 census it had a population of 987.
In the 12th Century the village name in ancient British was recorded as "Bircehangra" which means "Wooded slope growing with Birch trees". This name is still appropriate today as parts of Birchanger Wood still exist (and are protected) which still contain many Birch trees.