Place:Bessemer, Jefferson, Alabama, United States

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NameBessemer
Alt namesJonesborosource: Family History Library Catalog
TypeCity
Coordinates33.391°N 86.957°W
Located inJefferson, Alabama, United States
Contained Places
Cemetery
Highland Memorial Gardens
source: Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names
source: Family History Library Catalog


the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Bessemer is a city outside of Birmingham in Jefferson County, Alabama, United States eight miles (13 km) west of Hoover. The population was 27,456 at the 2010 Census.

History

the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Originally surveyed in 1887 and incorporated in 1889; Bessemer was the vision of industrialist Henry Fairchild DeBardeleben. At age 30 DeBardeleben came to Birmingham and soon acquired a controlling interest in the Red Mountain Iron and Coal Company, which was later renamed the Eureka Mining Company. DeBardeleben was the general manager of this company. It was during this time in 1886 that he proposed to buy a site consisting of of land that was located about to the southwest of Birmingham for approximately $100,000. DeBardeleben's plan was to build eight furnaces and to add two additional railroad outlets to the city within two years. He believed that the future of this city and the surrounding areas depended on the success of its iron and steel resources. The original name of the city was Brooklyn; however DeBardeleben decided to rename the city Bessemer in honor of Sir Henry Bessemer, the British scientist who was famous for his contribution to the steel making process.

Soon several companies from around the country began to look at Bessemer as a possible site for relocation. DeBardeleben founded one of the first buildings in the city in 1887, the Bessemer Land and Improvement Company. The company surveyed the land and plotted streets, parks, and lots around the area. The company sold its first lot on April 12, 1887. Soon afterwords, land values began soaring in the area. Land in the area in 1886 was selling for around $10–25 per acre, but by the spring of 1887 land was selling for as much as $18,000 per acre. The population was also booming in the area. In just over a year, there were more than 4,000 people in Bessemer. The 1880 census placed Bessemer's population as eighth in the state. The city reached fourth in the state in terms of population by 1890 and remained there for several years afterward. Bessemer's rapid growth in its early days led to the nickname of "The Marvel City", a moniker which still finds occasional use today. The citizens of Bessemer voted to incorporate the city on September 9, 1887 and elected R. M. McAdory as the first mayor.

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