Place:Bay de Verde, Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada

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NameBay de Verde
TypeCommunity
Coordinates48.083°N 52.894°W
Located inNewfoundland and Labrador, Canada
source: Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names


the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Bay de Verde (2011 Population 398) is an incorporated town in Conception Bay on the northern tip of the Bay de Verde Peninsula of Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada. The first recorded inhabitants at Bay de Verde arrived in 1662. Bay de Verde became an incorporated town in 1950.

Contents

History

the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

According to D. W. Prowse (1895) the earliest documented inhabitant of the 'Bay of Arbs' (today known as Bay de Verde) was Isaac Dethick, an English planter who was expelled from Placentia in 1662 when the French took over that town. There is no doubt that there were settlers such as the Taverners already established at Bay de Verde when he arrived. In 1675 seven families and their servants, numbering close to 150 people, had erected eleven rooms and stages in the harbour.

The best record of the period comes from the journal of Abbe Baudoin, dated February 2 to February 6, 1697. Baudoin, who travelled with Pierre Le Moyne d'Iberville's raiders, noted that "there were in this harbour fourteen settlers well established and ninety good men." During King William's War, the village was destroyed in the Avalon Peninsula Campaign. These French raiding parties destroyed the community and killed a number of inhabitants again during Queen Anne's War in 1705.

One of the early family names of Bay de Verde is Taverner. According to H.F. Shortis (1910) William Taverner was a naval officer and surveyor on a British man-of-war who later worked on a Newfoundland map of 1745.

The main road in Bay de Verde is Masters Road named after John Masters an apprenticed to William Taverner about 1700–1701. The Taverner family of Poole and Bay de Verde – a moderately well-off group which divided its time between Poole and Newfoundland.

Abraham, William Taverner's brother, an obscure figure, was the Newfoundland agent for the London merchant, James Campbell, who had extensive plantations at Bay de Verde. Campbell was financial agent in London for Captain John Moody who had been commander of the Newfoundland garrison during Major Thomas Lloyd’s absence in 1704–1705 and who was an avowed adversary of Lloyd. Although many of the Newfoundland planters tried to keep away from both Lloyd and Moody, William Taverner led a group which, early in 1708, complained about Lloyd’s exploitation of the colonists.

17th century

  • 1612 - October 1612 Bartholomew Pearson, yeoman of Wollaton, Nottingham, settler in the first English colony in Newfoundland, took part in John Guy’s expedition to Trinity Bay and was among those ship-wrecked at Green Bay (Bay de Verde) on the way back. Nine days later, near starvation, they regained Cuper’s Cove (now Cupids), having walked to Carbonear where they had found a boat. Pearson was one of a group of settlers who went to Cuper’s Cove in 1612. His task was to assess the agricultural possibilities of Newfoundland to only condemned both the land and the climate after a few months there. This expedition was financed by Sir Percival Willoughby, a prominent member of the Merchant Venturers company formed in 1610 for the plantation of Newfoundland.
  • 1628 - Sir David Kirke Governor of Newfoundland encouraged British settlement in Newfoundland, collected a five per cent tax on all fish and oil taken by foreign fishermen, and fortified the choice spots of Ferryland, St. John's and Bay de Verde.
  • 1662 – Isaac Dethick settled at Bay de Verde after being deported from Placentia by the newly arrived French garrison.
  • 1675 – There are seven families and their servants, numbering about 150 people total, occupying 11 rooms and stages in the harbour at this time.
  • 1677 – Bay de Verde fishery produces 1,700 quintals of fish.
  • 1693 – Bay de Verde fishery produces 4,450 quintals of fish.
  • 1697 – The journal of Abbe Baudoin noted that "there were in this harbour fourteen settlers well established and ninety good men".

18th century

  • 1714 – William Taverner, born at Bay de Verde, surveys the south coast of Newfoundland for the English crown.
  • 1729 – Bay de Verde becomes one of the six judicial districts created by Governor Henry Osborn, in order to protect life liberty and property. These districts were responsible for the erection of stocks and the administration of flogging for minor crimes.
  • 1738 - Seventeen ships are engaged in the cod fishery.

19th century

  • 1804 - George Garland establishes a trading post.
  • 1811 - 20+ individuals had disembarked the schooner Fanny at Bay de Verde due to the deplorable conditions they endured in the voyage from Ireland to Newfoundland. On September 3, 1811 James Lannon, master of the schooner Fanny, appeared in court at St. John's to answer to the charge of not providing water and food for the crew and passengers. They left Waterford, Ireland on April 23, 1811 for St. John's. The schooner was greatly overcrowded with 184 passengers and twelve crew. John Lynch who appeared as a witness paid 6 guineas for his passage told how they only received a quart of water a day during his voyage and for the last week of their voyage only received half pint of water a day.
  • 1823 – Newfoundland School Society under the direction of Samuel Codner establishes its first free school.
  • 1832 – John Lynch is teaching school in the cooper shop of Timothy Dineen at Bay de Verde.
  • 1838 – Northern Bay Roman Catholic Parish is established and Father Bernard Duffy begins his ministry covering all of the North Shore including Bay de Verde .
  • 1839 – First Church of England denominational school is established by the Newfoundland School Society and run by William Pippy..
  • 1841 - Church of England wardens James Norris and William Barter establish the Anglican Parish.
  • 1843 – School master John Morrissey begins a Roman Catholic denominational school.
  • 1846 – Reverend John Roberts is appointed to the Church of England mission of Grates Cove – Bay de Verde.
  • 1847 – Oliver Rouse arrives to take over the Anglican Parish and its missions.
  • 1870 – The newly constituted Road Board begins to establish roads.
  • 1872 – Road completed to Red Head Cove, Grates Cove and Old Perlican.
  • 1873 - James Ryan of Bonavista, owner of James Ryan and Company establishes a trading operation at Bay de Verde.
  • 1880 – Roman Catholic Parish of the Assumption established with Reverend Gregory Battcock as priest.
  • 1881 – First telegraph line from Carbonear to Bay de Verde.
  • 1891 – St. Barnabas Anglican Church completed.
  • 1892 – Construction began on Assumption Parish Roman Catholic Church.

20th century

  • 1902 - Thomas Moore begins to operate one of the first lobster canning plants in the community.
  • 1911 – Fisherman's Protective Union store is open.
  • 1916 – Railway branch line from Carbonear to Bay de Verde is completed.
  • 1929 – Electricity is turned on for the first time. Power is supplied from the United Township Electric Company.
  • 1932 – Railway branch line is shut down.
  • 1942 - First breakwater built at Emberley's Point.
  • 1946 – The Fisherman's Co-operative Society is established.
  • 1947 - Duncan Blundon builds his forge for manufacture of trap grapples and other metal works.
  • 1948 - First cod liver reducing plant built.
  • 1949 - Liver plant catches on fire and explosions can be heard throughout the night as 50 gallon drums are burned and exploded.
  • 1950 – Patrick Noonan becomes the first mayor of Bay de Verde’s Town Council, which was established in July to provide services, including a municipal water supply system. Council rendered inactive in the next year.
  • 1953 - Birdseye cold storage plant built replacing old Moores store.
  • 1954 - Maurice and Patrick Quinlan buy out the business of James F. O'Neill.
  • 1955 - The Ice house is demolished to give way to slipway and winch to haul boats onto dry land in fall for winter storage.
  • 1958 - Ice house dismantled.
  • 1967 – St. Joseph’s Central High School opens.
  • 1967 – Quinlan Brothers fish plant operates six of the twelve longliners fishing from the community processing cod and turbot. During peak season the plant employs over 300 people from Bay de Verde and surrounding communities.
  • 1972 – Tricon Elementary School opens.
  • 1975 – Town Council reactivated after twenty-five years of dormancy.
  • 1992 – Cod fishery is closed down by the Federal Government of Canada. Crab and shrimp fishery continues to be successful at Bay de Verde.
  • 1999 – Bay de Verde Heritage House and Baccalieu Island Exhibit officially opened.

Current

  • 2002 - St. Joseph's Central High School closes.
  • 2004 - Bay de Verde wins 'TIDY TOWNS AWARD'

Shipwrecks

  • the longliner 'Mainlander' owned by Gordon Tweed, uncle of Shannon Tweed.

Research Tips


This page uses content from the English Wikipedia. The original content was at Bay de Verde, Newfoundland and Labrador. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with WeRelate, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.