Arden was named in 1775 by the Quaker Jacob Moon after the district of Arden in Warwickshire, England. Previously built up along a stretch of the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad tracks, the community is situated between two landmark rock formations: Hell's Gate and Devil's Den. Many whitewater enthusiasts shoot the shallow rapids of the river through this pristine section of the valley. The area is home to a notable number of native wildflowers and is locally notorious for its occasional drownings.
Arden is one of two communities so named in the state (see Arden, Berkeley County, West Virginia).