Place:Alpine, California, United States

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source: Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names
source: Family History Library Catalog


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Alpine County, officially the County of Alpine, is the smallest county, by population, in the U.S. state of California. As of 2010, it had a population of 1,175, all rural. There are no incorporated cities in the county. The county seat is Markleeville. Alpine County is located in the Sierra Nevada, between Lake Tahoe and Yosemite National Park.

Contents

History

the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Alpine County was created on March 16, 1864 during a silver boom in the wake of the nearby Comstock Lode discovery.[1] It was named due to its resemblance to the Swiss Alps. The county was formed from parts of Amador, Calaveras, El Dorado, Mono and Tuolumne Counties.[1] At its formation, the county had a population of about 11,000 with its county seat in Silver Mountain City. By 1868 however, the local silver mines had proven unfruitful, and the population fell to about 1,200. The county seat was moved to Markleeville in 1875.[1]

After the silver rush, Alpine County's economy consisted almost entirely of farming, ranching, and logging. By the 1920s, the population had fallen to just 200 people. With the construction of the Bear Valley and Kirkwood ski resorts in the late 1960s, the population increased to the present level.

Timeline

Date Event Source
1864 County formed Source:Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources
1864 Court records recorded Source:Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources
1864 Land records recorded Source:Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources
1864 Marriage records recorded Source:Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources
1864 Probate records recorded Source:Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources
1870 First census Source:Population of States and Counties of the United States: 1790-1990
1870 No significant boundary changes after this year Source:Population of States and Counties of the United States: 1790-1990
1873 Birth records recorded Source:Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources

Population History

source: Source:Population of States and Counties of the United States: 1790-1990
Census Year Population
1870 685
1880 539
1890 667
1900 509
1910 309
1920 243
1930 241
1940 323
1950 241
1960 397
1970 484
1980 1,097
1990 1,113

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