Alloa (; , meaning "rock plain") is a town and former burgh in Clackmannanshire, set in the Central Lowlands of Scotland. It lies on the north bank of the Firth of Forth close to the foot of the Ochil Hills, east of Stirling and north of Falkirk.
The town was a burgh of barony, and today is the administrative centre of Clackmannanshire council. The economy of the town relied heavily on trade through its port with mainland Europe, but due to competition from modern ports it closed in 1970. Nowadays the economy is centred on retail and leisure after the closure of the main industries of the town; only one brewer and one glassmaker survive today. Alloa had a resident population of 18,989 at the time of the 2001 census.
Also spelled Alloway, which means "the way to the sea." The New Statistical Account of Scotland, for Alloa, pub. 1845. (Family History Library book 941 B4sa, series 2, vol. 8; film 990222 Item 1; fiche 6026403, set of 10).