Aldridge is now a town within the Metropolitan Borough of Walsall, in the West Midlands, England. Historically it was part of the county of Staffordshire, but in 1974 it was incorporated into the West Midlands county. It also became part of the borough of Walsall at this time, having originally been an independent local authority. In 1966 it was merged with neighbouring Brownhills to form Aldridge-Brownhills Urban District Council. The recorded population in the 2001 UK census was 16,862.
Aldridge began as a small agricultural settlement, with farming being the most common occupation up until the 19th century.
In the 1800s, Aldridge became an industrial town with coal mines and lime kilns. The coal and clay in the area prompted many to set up collieries and brickworks. Aldridge clay is especially useful in the manufacture of blue bricks. The 1881 census shows that the mines and brick works were major employers. Because the coal and clay beneath the eastern side of Aldridge (towards Stonnall) is located much deeper under the surface, extraction of this coal and clay would not have been economically viable. As a result farms continued to dominate the eastern part, though a sand quarry was set up and still remains on Birch Lane. After the Second World War Aldridge became a dormitory town, or suburb, of Birmingham.
Aldridge became an urban district in Staffordshire in 1894. Other villages within the district included Pelsall, Walsall-Wood, Clayhanger and Streethay. The urban district merged with that of Brownhills in 1966 to form Aldridge-Brownhills, and then became part of the Metropolitan Borough of Walsall in 1974.