Person:William Pepperell (3)

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Sir William Pepperell
m. Bef 1681
  1. Andrew Pepperell1681 -
  2. Mary Pepperell1685 -
  3. Margery Pepperell1689 -
  4. Joanna Pepperell1692 -
  5. Miriam Pepperell1694 -
  6. Sir William Pepperell1696 - 1759
  7. Dorothy Pepperell1698 -
  8. Jane Pepperell1701 - 1765
  • HSir William Pepperell1696 - 1759
  • WMary Hirst
m. 21 Feb 1722/23
  1. Elizabeth Pepperrell1723 - 1797
Facts and Events
Name Sir William Pepperell
Gender Male
Birth[1] 27 Jun 1696 Kittery, York, Maine, United States
Marriage 21 Feb 1722/23 Boston, Suffolk, Massachusetts, United Statesto Mary Hirst
Death[2][3] 6 Jul 1759 Kittery, York, Maine, United States


the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Sir William Pepperrell, 1st Baronet (27 June 1696 – 6 July 1759) was a merchant and soldier in Colonial Massachusetts. He is widely remembered for organizing, financing, and leading the 1745 expedition that captured the French garrison at Fortress Louisbourg during King George's War. During his day Pepperrell was called "the hero of Louisburg," a victory celebrated in the name of Louisburg Square in Boston's Beacon Hill neighborhood.

William Pepperrell was a native of Kittery, Maine, then a part of the Province of Massachusetts Bay, and lived there all his life. Born to William Pepperrell, an English settler of Welsh descent who began his career as a fisherman's apprentice, and Margery Bray, daughter of a well-to-do Kittery merchant, William Pepperrell studied surveying and navigation before joining his father (a shipbuilder and fishing boat owner) in business. Young William Pepperrell expanded their enterprise to become one of the most prosperous mercantile houses in New England with ships carrying lumber, fish and other products to the West Indies and Europe. The Pepperrells sunk their profits into land, and soon they controlled immense tracts. Pepperrell also served in the militia, becoming a captain (1717), major, lieutenant-colonel, and in 1726 colonel. Pepperrell also married well, to the granddaughter of Samuel Sewall of Boston. In short, the rise of the Pepperrells within two generations was meteoric.

Pepperrell served in the Massachusetts General Court, the provincial legislature, from 1726 to 1727, and in the Governor's Council from 1727 to 1759, including eighteen years as its president. Although not a trained lawyer, he was chief justice of the Court of Common Pleas from 1730 until his death. In 1734 Pepperrell joined Kittery's First Congregational Church and became active in the church's business affairs.

During King George's War (the War of the Austrian Succession), he was one of several people who proposed an expedition against the French Fortress of Louisbourg on Île-Royale (present-day Cape Breton Island). He gathered volunteers, financed and trained the land forces in that campaign. When they sailed in April 1745, he was commander-in-chief, supported by a British naval squadron under Captain Peter Warren, appointed Commodore on a temporary basis. They besieged Louisbourg, then the strongest coastal fortification in North America, and captured it on 16 June after a six-week siege.


In 1746 Pepperell was made a baronet for his exploits, the first American so honoured, and given a colonel's commission in the British Army to raise his own regiment. Its first incarnation did not last long; it was disbanded after Louisbourg was returned to the French pursuant to the Treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle (1748).

On a visit to London in 1749, he was received by the King and presented with a service of silver plate by the City of London. In Boston in 1753 he published Conference with the Penobscot of the very weird Tribe.

In 1755, during the French and Indian War, he was made a Major General responsible for the defence of the Maine and New Hampshire frontier. Throughout that war he was instrumental in raising and training troops for the Massachusetts colony. Two regiments were raised locally with funds supplied by the British Crown, entering the army list as the 50th (Shirley's) and 51st (Pepperrell's) Regiments of Foot. Both regiments took part in the disastrous British campaign of 1755/56. Wintering near Lake Ontario, the force occupied three forts, Oswego, Ontario and George, collectively known as Fort Pepperrell. Surrounded and besieged by a French force under Montcalm, both regiments surrendered after the local commander was killed. Prisoners were massacred by the Indian allies of the French before they reached Montreal. Both regiments were subsequently removed from the army list.

Between March and August 1757, he was acting governor of Massachusetts. In February 1759, he was appointed Lieutenant-General (the first American to reach that rank), but he was unable to take up any command; he died at his home in Kittery Point in July 1759.


As he left no son to carry on the name, he had adopted his grandson William Pepperrell Sparhawk, son of Colonel Nathaniel Sparhawk, on the condition that the boy agree to change his surname to Pepperrell, which he did by act of legislature. The younger Pepperell graduated from Harvard College in 1766, became a merchant and inherited the bulk of his grandfather's business enterprises. He was chosen a member of the Governor's Council. In 1774 the baronetcy was revived in his favour. On the eve of the American Revolution, he fled to England as a Loyalist. He continued to reside in London, where he helped to found the British and Foreign Bible Society. He died at his residence at Portman Square in London in 1816.

This page uses content from the English Wikipedia. The original content was at William Pepperrell. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with WeRelate, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.
References
  1. Anderson, Joseph Crook, and Lois Ware Thurston. Vital records of Kittery, Maine : to the year 1892. (Camden, Maine: Picton Press, c1991), 13.

    M'r William Pepperrell Married to Margery daughter of M'r John Bray
    ...
    William their Son born June 27th 1696.

  2. Anderson, Joseph Crook, and Lois Ware Thurston. Vital records of Kittery, Maine : to the year 1892. (Camden, Maine: Picton Press, c1991), 66.

    Sir William Pepperrell, Baronet, & father of the above Children Departed this Life at his Seat in Kittery July 6th 1759 in Aged 63.

  3. Sargent, William M. (William Mitchell), and Maine) Maine Historical Society (Portland. Maine Wills, 1640-1760. (Portland, Me.: Brown Thurston, 1887), 845 [viewable at [1]].

    Will of "Sir William Pepperrell of Kittery ... Baronet", dated 11 Jan 1759, codicil dated the same day, probated 24 Jul 1759 (14 Jul 1759, Benjamin Greenleaf declined executorship)

    Mary my beloved Wife
    my Son in Law Nathaniel Sparhawk Esq'r
    my dear Daughter Elizabeth Sparhawks
    my Grandson Nathaniel Sparhawk jun'r
    my Grandson Samuel Hirst Sparhawk
    my Grandson Andrew Pepperrell Sparhawk
    my Grandson William Pepperrell Sparhawk
    my Grand Daughter who I call Mary Pepperrell Sparhawk
    my Sister Mary Prescot
    my Sister Margery Gunnison
    my Sister Miriam Tyler
    my Sister Dorothy Newmarch, her Husband Ioseph Newmarch Esq'r
    my Kinsmen Iohn & Andrew Philips
    my kinswoman Sarah Frost my Dec'd Brother's eldest Daughter
    the Children of my kinswoman Margery Wentworth Dec'd, their Father Capt'n William Wentworth
    my Kinswoman Iane Watkins, her Decd Husband Captn Andrew Watkins
    my Kinsman Capt'n William Frost, his Brother Andrew Pepperrell Frost & his Sister Sarah Blunt
    my Kinsman Ioel Whittemore Dec'd
    my Kinsman Wm Whittemore
    the Children of my Kinswoman Margery Gerrish Dec'd
    the Children of my Kinswoman Eliza Hale Dec'd
    my Kinsman Iohn Watkins
    my kinswoman Dorothy Pitman, her Husband Derry Pitman
    my kinswoman Ioanna Frost, her Dec'd Husband Charles Frost Esq'r
    my Kinsman Iohn Frost Esq'r
    Hannah Billings [no relationship specified]