Facts and Events
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William Baulston (c.1605-c.1678) was a colonial New England innkeeper, who was very active in the civil and military affairs of both the Massachusetts Bay Colony and the Colony of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations. He was a founding settler of Portsmouth, Rhode Island, was continuously elected to the highest positions in the colony, and was one of the ten Assistants named in the Rhode Island Royal Charter.
Coggeshall (Ancestors & Kin) refers to Elizabeth as the “only child of William Baulston, innkeeper of Portsmouth.” Also possibly the William Balston who appears in Winthrop’s list of passengers in 1630. Winthrop Society accepts both.
Great Migration says they arrived 1630, origin unknown. He and his wife Elizabeth were admitted as members #38 and #39 of the church at Boston in the fall of 1630. Served as Boston selectman for four six month terms beginning in March 1635/6. He fell out of favor with the colonial authorities beginning in November 1637 when he was fined for supporting John Wheelright. The fine was later reduced, but he was disarmed and in March 1637/8, he was one of 11 who had license to leave from the General Court.
William Baulston was present at the first town meeting at Portsmouth on 7 March 1637/8 and at most of those of May, June and November of that year [ RICR 1:52, 53, 54, 56, 61, 62]. He was granted 6 acres of land in Portsmouth in June 1638 (followed by 240 acres in Feb 1639/40) and sold his land in Boston in August. When the Newport settlers split away early in 1639 and Portsmouth reorganized itself on 30 April 1639, William Baulston was not included in the list of those entering into the new compact, but this omission must have been an accident, since on the same day he was appointed to a committee to lay out land [ RICR 1:70-71]. On 12 March 1639/40 he was one of the Portsmouth men who were "reunited to this body [Newport]" to form the joint government of Newport and Portsmouth [ RICR 1:100].
At Portsmouth on 26 August 1647 "Mr. Boston is chosen to keep an inn to sell beer & wine to entertain strangers" [ PoTR 36]. On 21 August 1654 it was ordered that "Mr. Bastone shall keep a house of entertainment to entertain strangers" [ PoTR 65; see also RICR 1:314] He held a number of offices in Portsmouth, including Assistant to the General Court, town treasurer, commissioner to the Rhode Island Court, assessor, delegate in numerous colonial matters for Rhode Island and frequent moderator of the town meeting. He held these offices continuously from 1639 until 1673.
- Coggeshall, Charles Pierce (compiler), and Thellwell Russell (compiler) Coggeshall. The Coggeshalls in America: Genealogy of the Descendants of John Coggeshall of Newport: genealogy of the descendants of John Coggeshall of Newport, with a brief notice of their English antecedents. (Boston, Mass. : C.E. Goodspeed & Co., 1930), p. 12.
- ↑ Arnold, James N. Vital Record of Rhode Island, 1636–1850: First series, births, marriages and deaths. A family register for the people. (Narragansett Hist. Publ. Co., 1891).
BAULSTON William, died in 79th year, March 1, 1678
- ↑ Anderson, Robert Charles. The Great Migration Begins: Immigrants to New England, 1620-1633. (Boston: New England Historic Genealogical Society, 1995).
MIGRATION: 1630 FIRST RESIDENCE: Boston REMOVES: Portsmouth 1638
BIRTH: By about 1605, based on age of eldest child.
DEATH: After 11 March 1677/8 (date of will).
- Savage, James. A Genealogical Dictionary of the First Settlers of New England: Showing Three Generations of Those Who Came Before May, 1692, on the Basis of Farmer's Register. (Boston: Little, Brown, and Co, 1860-1862), 1:109.
WILLIAM, Boston, came, no doubt, with Winthrop's fleet, desir. adm. as freem. of the comp. 19 Oct. 1630, and took the o. 18 May foll. by w. Elizabeth wh. d. early, had d. Pity, bapt. Oct. 1630, being, the third ch. so favor. in rec. of our first ch. Other ch. here bapt. were William, 14 Apr. 1633; Mary, 14 Sept. 1634; Mehitable, 24 Jan. 1636; and Meribah, 9 Apr. 1637; I presume, all by sec. w. Elizabeth and all these d. bef. him; beside ano. ch. Elizabeth after his banishm. He was in steady employm. for town affairs, trusted among the worthiest, chos. a selectman 1637, yet in the latter part of the same yr. was disarm. with the majority of his fellow worship. as being, under the fascinat. of Mrs. Hutchinson, and sev. favorers of Wheelwright, went, 1638, to Portsmouth R. I. wh. his assoc. purch. that season, was held there in high regard, made an Assist. 1639, 41, and 56, named in the royal chart. 1663, and d. 14 Mar. 1679, aged 78. His wid. d. 14 Apr. 1683, aged 86. See Haz. II. 612; 2 Mass. Hist. Coll. VII. 98 and any of the Histories of Winthrop, Hutchinson, Barry, or Arnold. His d. Elizabeth m. the sec. John Coggeshall, a. 1647, bore him two s. and one or more ds. but by mut. consent they separat. after wh. he having gain. liberty from the governm. to m. again in June 1655, she next mo. obtain. the same license, and thereupon m. Thomas Gould of Wickford.
- William Baulston, in Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia.
| Founders of Portsmouth, Rhode Island
| On March 7, 1638, a group of religious dissenters signed the Portsmouth Compact. They had been disarmed by leaders of the Massachusetts Bay Colony. William Coddington, Anne Hutchinson, and John Clarke conferred with Roger Williams in Providence, who suggested that they buy land from the Native Americans on Aquidneck Island. They formed the settlement of Pocasset, later Portsmouth, on Aquidneck, later called Rhode Island. Portsmouth and Newport later united with Providence and Warwick in 1654 as the colony of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations.
|Text of the Compact: The 7th Day of the First Month, 1638. We whose names are underwritten do hereby solemnly in the presence of Jehovah incorporate ourselves into a Bodie Politick and as He shall help, will submit our persons, lives and estates unto our Lord Jesus Christ, the King of Kings, and Lord of Lords, and to all those perfect and most absolute laws of His given in His Holy Word of truth, to be guided and judged thereby.
|Signers: William Coddington - John Clarke - William Hutchinson, Jr. [husband of Anne Hutchinson]- John Coggeshall - William Aspinwall - Samuel Wilbore - John Porter - John Sanford - Edward Hutchinson, Jr. Esq. - Thomas Savage - William Dyre [husband of Boston martyr Mary Dyer] - William Freeborne - Philip Sherman - John Walker - Richard Carder - William Baulston - Edward Hutchinson, Sr. - Henry Bull - Randall Holden
Current Location: Newport County, Rhode Island Parent Towns: Boston Daughter Towns: Newport
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