Facts and Events
Will of Dr. William Avery of Dedham, Mass.
In Probate Office, Boston, Mass., 15 Oct. 1683.
"I, William Avery, resident of Boston, in the county of Suffolk, of ye Massachusetts Colony in New England, practitioner in physick and aged about 61 years, being through God's goodness of sound judgment and memory, yet weak in body and expecting my great change quickly, do constitute and ordain this my last Will and Testament as followeth, viz:
Imprim That after my decease my body shall be with decent buryal interred, at ye discretion of my executors and that all my just debts and funerall expenses shall duly and Seasonably paid.
Item. I give unto my dear and loving Wife Mary, the summe of one hundred pounds of currant mony of New England as I promised upon marriage with her and which is now in her hand. Also I do give unto my said Wife during her life the use of ye part of my housing and lands in Dedham in ye county aforesaid, which are served in my son Jonathan's deed, and the use of halfe my Island meadow, reserved in my son Robert's deed, together with the use of a bed and furniture.
Item. I do give and bequeathe to my daughter Mary Tisdale, one hundred pounds in mony or goods at mony price to be paid within three years after my decease, and my will is yt what she hath already received shall be reckoned as part of it.
It. I give and bequeath to my two sons-in-law, William Sumner and Benjamin Dyer, twenty pounds apiece, accounting that which each of them hath received already as a part of this legacy to them And further my will is, that in case my share in certain mines shall prove profitable, then yy shall have twenty pounds apiece more paid them by my Executors at and upon ye advice of my overseers yy judging them to be so profitable as yt there is reason for the same.
It. My Will is yt my son Jonathan shall have my two Stills, all my Physick books and instruments, he allowing twenty pounds to my Executors for ye same.
It. Concerning my part in several mines my Will is, that after all necessary charges laid out or to be laid out upon them be equally satisfyed, then the profit or income of them, while my wife lives, shall be divided to her and to my four children, William, Robert and Jonathan Avery and Mary Tisdale, and after my wife's decease shall be divided among my said children; and my Will is, that in all these divisions my son William shall have a double share and the rest each of them, a single share or equal share. Further, my Will is, that a third part of all the profit yt shall arise to any and all my children from the said mines shall be improved for publick and charitable uses according to their own discretion. And my Will is, that it shall remain with them from time to time, their heirs or successors, that all necessary charges deducted, a third part of ye profit of ye mine aforesaid shall be for publick and charitable use. It. I do nominate and appoint my three sons, William, Robert and Jonathan, Executors of this my last Will and Testament. And do will yt what I have already given them, by deeds or otherwise shall be reckoned as their several portions. Only my Will is yt in case there shall be any estate remaining after all debts and legacies above bequeathed be paid, then my son William shall have thirty pounds more to make him up a double share. And, if afterward there be anything remaining, it shall be equally divided among my four children. Finally, I do nominate and request my worthy friends Mr. John Wilson of Medfield and Mr. William Adams of Dedham, to be my overseers to give advice and their help to my Executors as yy shall need in reference to this my last Will and I do appoint, yt yy shall have each of them fourty shillings paid them by my executors, within three months after my decease, besides, honest satisfaction for any necessary labor may be expended by them hereabout.
And in testimony of my ordaining and constituting this my last Will and Testament. I have hereunto set my hand and seal this fifteenth day of October, in ye year of our Lord, one thousand six hundred and eighty three.
Signed and sealed in presence of us Samuel lane Samuel Fearrin.
Sealed Published and confirmed by Mr. William Avery to be his last Will and Testament the 13th of March 1686/7 in the presence of us William Haberfild, John Higgs, James Woodmansey."