Person:Thomas de Mowbray (2)

Thomas de Mowbray, 4th Earl of Norfolk
b.17 Sep 1385
Facts and Events
Name Thomas de Mowbray, 4th Earl of Norfolk
Gender Male
Birth[4] 17 Sep 1385
Other 18 Sep 1391 Papal dispensation
with Lady Constance de Holland
Other Condition: No issue of this marriage.
with Lady Constance de Holland
Marriage Bef 1 Jun 1402 to Lady Constance de Holland
Other Status: 1st marriage for wife.
with Lady Constance de Holland
Death[1] 8 Jun 1405 York, Yorkshire, EnglandHe was involved in the Scrope conspiracy of 1405, and was captured in the priory of Monks Kirkby, Warwickshire, and executed without trial
Cause of Death? Execution
Other? TITLES: Lord Mowbray, Lord Segrave (held in conjunction with the barony of Mowbray and Earldom of Norfolk), Earl of Norfolk, Earl of Nottingham, Earl Marshal
Other? HONORS: Knighted
Other? KINSHIP: Son and heir.
Burial? York, Yorkshire, EnglandGrey Friars


the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Thomas de Mowbray, 4th Earl of Norfolk, 2nd Earl of Nottingham, 8th Baron Segrave, 7th Baron Mowbray (1385 – 8 June 1405), English nobleman and rebel, was the son of Thomas de Mowbray, 1st Duke of Norfolk and Lady Elizabeth FitzAlan.

Upon the death of his father in Venice, he was allowed to succeed him as Earl of Norfolk and Nottingham, but not as Duke of Norfolk. He also received his father's title of Earl Marshal, but on a strictly honorary basis, the military rank being held by Ralph Neville, 1st Earl of Westmorland as the Marshal of England. He was betrothed to Constance Holland, daughter of John Holland, 1st Duke of Exeter, then a child, but the marriage was never consummated.

A quarrel over precedence with Richard de Beauchamp, 13th Earl of Warwick supposedly led to his estrangement from the court of Henry IV. Disaffected, he became involved with the latest rebellion of the Percies in the north, and raised an army with Richard le Scrope, Archbishop of York. Deserted by the Earl of Northumberland, Norfolk and Scrope were brought to book on Shipton Moor by a large royal army under John of Lancaster and the Earl of Westmorland. Seeking a parley, they were arrested as soon as they disbanded their followers. When Chief Justice Sir William Gascoigne refused to pass sentence upon them before they were tried by their peers, Henry had both Norfolk and Scrope summarily beheaded, without colour of law, in York on 8 June 1405. This conspiracy is the main historical context for Shakespeare's Henry IV, Part 2, and the execution is described with the words "so much for Lancaster".

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References
  1. Thomas de Mowbray, 4th Earl of Norfolk, in Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia. (Online: Wikimedia Foundation, Inc.).
  2.   Weis, Frederick Lewis; Walter Lee Sheppard; and David Faris. Ancestral roots of certain American colonists, who came to America before 1700: the lineage of Alfred the Great, Charlemagne, Malcolm of Scotland, Robert the Strong, and some of their descendants. (Baltimore, Maryland: Genealogical Pub. Co., 7th Edition c1992), p. 49 line 47C:33, p. 91 line 93B:33, Secondary quality.
  3.   Richardson, Douglas. Plantagenet ancestry : a study in colonial and medieval families. (Baltimore, Maryland: Genealogical Publishing Co Inc, c2004), p. 314 RUTHVEN:8, Secondary quality.
  4. Institute of Historical Research. Calendar of Inquisitions Post Mortem, 18:3 no. 235.

    30 December 1399
    " Thomas Moubray, knight, is son and heir of the duke, and kinsman of John de Segrave and Margaret, and their heir. He was 14 years of age on 17 Sept. last."