Facts and Events
Thomas Rutherford was one of the Early Settlers of Augusta County, Virginia
Early Land Acquisition in Augusta County, VA
Acquisition of Land from Chalkley's:
- Page 501.--16th May, 1768. Joseph Rediford (Rutherford) to Thomas Rutherford, £50, 134 acres, part of 400 above on Cub Run; corner Reuben Rutherford in Gilbert's line. (Note: Thomas Rutherford's father, Joseph conveyed 134 acres to each of his sons, Joseph Jr., Thomas and Reuben his land on Cub Run, which Joseph Sr. had received from his sister Mary (Rutherford) Wood. According to the terms, each son paid his father £50 for each tract). 
Estate Records of Thomas Rutherford
- Page 285.--20th March, 1770. Elizabeth Rutherford's bond (with Jacob Woodle, John Phillips) as administratrix of Thomas Rutherford.
- Page 396.--22d March, 1771. Elliott (Ellet) Rutherford's bond (with Daniel Smith, John Gratton) as guardian to Robert, Joseph, Reuben, Mary Rutherford, orphans of Thomas Rutherford. (Note: Elliott Rutherford may be a possible sibling of Thomas).
- Page 144.--19th August, 1773. Recorded, viz: 1770--Thomas Rutherford's estate, to Evan Price and Elizabeth, his wife. 9th May--To Reuben Rutherford, William West, Dochther Knave, James Bruster. 9th May-- By vendue to, viz: Rebecca Paretree, John Dobbins, Evan Philips, Francis Dove, Martin Grider.
Records of Thomas Rutherford in Augusta County, VA
From Chalkley’s Augusta County Records:
- Vol. 1 - Pg. (449) - August, 1764 (B). Cabeen vs. Walker.--Thomas RUTHERFORD's deposition, taken 8th May, 1764, before John Neavill, in Frederick County. He was employed as agent for Messrs. Hoops and Walker, contractors, on the said campaign, in the year of our Lord 1761, and that sometime in the month of July that year (the troops being encamped at Stalnaher's on Holston's River), William Cabeen came to the camp and applied to deponent for employment in said contractor's service, alledging that it was in consequence of some engagement, or promise, he was under to Doctor Walker, but having no letter, or writing, to support what he then advanced, the deponent suspected a cheat, and having then several persons under pay more than the service at that time required, the deponent told Cabeen that he could not employ him under any pretence whatever, but in as much as he was then out on the campaign he might draw his ration, until the deponent should know Doctor Walker's sentiments thereon, which the deponent took the earliest opportunity of doing by writing a true state of the affair, and some time in August Doctor Walker, by letter, signified that as it had so unexpectedly happened, that William Cabeen had, without his knowledge, proceeded so far on the campaign, and that notwithstanding he was well assured the contract could in no wise be advantaged by the said Cabeen's services, but at the same time requested me to employ him as an assistant issuer of provisions, at the rate, as this deponent believed, of five shillings per day, and that the deponent looked upon it as an entire act of charity and good nature in Doctor Walker to employ the said Cabeen at that time, and that the deponent left the said Cabeen in the contractor's service about the 29th, or 30th, of October, when the said deponent came off the campaign.
- Page 491.--16th May, 1768. Joseph Rediford (Redeford, Rutherford) to Joseph Rutherford, Jr., £50, 134 acres on Cub Run, part of 400 acres patented to James Wood, 12th January, 1746, and by him bequeathed to Mary Wood by will recorded in Frederick and by Mary conveyed to Joseph Rutherford, 31st December, 1760; corner Thomas Rutherford in line of Felix Gilbert's land on spur of Peaked Mountain. Teste: John Dickenson, Ralph Lafferty, Daniel Kidd. Delivered: Jas. Rutherford, 23d February, 1773.
- Page 496.--16th May, 1768. Joseph Rutherford to Reuben Rutherford, £50, 134 acres on Cub Run. part of 400 above; Gilbert's line. Delivered: Felix Gilbert, 26th July, 1774. (Followed above record).
- Vol. 1 - p.338. 1768 August 18. Witnesses: JOSEPH, ELIZABETH, Joseph, Jr., Thomas and Robert RUTHERFORD. (p.339) Witness: Valentine Seviar, Jr.
- Vol. 1 - DISTRICT COURT MEMORANDUMS, 1790-91.
- Mem. for Mr. Williams: Enquire after Elliot Rutherford, executor to his brother, Thomas Rutherford, who died about 20 years ago. Spencer Hill married Mary Rutherford, daughter of Thomas Rutherford, deceased. Her fortune is in the hands of Elliot Rutherford, who lives about a mile from Rockingham Court House. Enquire what the fortune is, and how it is to be got.
- N. B.--Suit must be brought in the name of Spencer Hill. The fortune is supposed to have been about £30 pounds at first.
- Vol. 2 - SEPTEMBER, 1802 (H to Z). - Memorandum, 1790-91. Memorandum for Mr. Williams. Enquire after Elliott Rutherford, executor to his brother, Thomas Rutherford, who died about 20 years ago. Spencer Hill married Mary Rutherford, daughter of Thomas Rutherford, deceased, and her fortune is in the hands of Elliott, who lives about one mile from Rockingham Courthouse.