Facts and Events
Thomas Rowland was one of the Early Settlers of Augusta County, Virginia
Early Land Acquisition in Augusta County, VA
Acquisition of Land from Chalkley's (unless listed otherwise):
- Page 99 - Thomas Rowland, 270 acres, Spreading Spring Draft, Branch of the James River. February 26, 1768. [Abstract of Land Grant Surveys, 1761-1791, Augusta & Rockingham Counties, Virginia, by Peter Cline Kaylor, pg. 36].
- Page 266.--25th January, 1769. Robert Rowland to Thomas Rowland, £100. 369 acres patented to Robert, 25th July, 1746, on head branch of Looney's Creek. Teste: Benj. Hawkins, Michael Woods, Jr., Thomas Arnott. Andrew Woods. Delivered: Pat. Lockhart by your order, March, 177?.
- Rowland, Thomas. Will probate Aug. 1814.
- Names wife Mary, and children Jesse, Silas, Joel, George (land in Jessimine County, Kentucky), Milly Gilmore, William and David (land in Kentucky).
- [Source: Early Marriages, Wills and some Revolutionary War Records, Botetourt County, Virginia, Compiled by Anne Lowry Worrell, pg. 62].
- I, Thomas Rowland of Botetourt County & State of Virginia taking into serious consideration my mortality, and knowing that it is appointed for all men once to die: do make this my last will and testament in manner & form following, to wit:
- First of all I render my soul to God - Who gave me the same and in confident hope that through the merits of my blessed Savior, he will accept my humble offering and my body I desire may be buried in a Christian-like manner trusting that my glorious Savior, at his own appointed time will redeem it from the grave.
- 2ndly...as touching my worldly Estate which it hath pleased God to bless me with - It is my desire & I direct that all my Personal Estate shall be kept together on my farm where I live as it is at present. For the term of six years to commence the first day of January one thousand eight hundred and fourteen; in order to have it improved to the best advantage, and for this purpose I do hereby appoint my Sons Jesse, Silas and Joel Rowland as managers & agents of my estate.
- 3rdly I give to my Son George Rowland & his heirs one thousand acres of my land in the State of Kentucky, Jessamine County, waters of Kentucky & elsewhere a part of which he now lives on.
- 4thly I give to my daughter Milly Gilmore & her heirs two negro women named Jude & ____ which negros she has received.
- 5thly I give to my Son William Rowland a tract of land, 350 acres of land which he has sold for one thousand dollars which he has received.
- 6thly I give to my Son David Rowland & his heirs, all my claim and right in and to my lands on the waters of [Kentucky] in Jessamine County, State of Kentucky, which I have lately recovered.
- 7thly I give to my well beloved wife Mary Rowland one sixth part of all my lands in Botetourt County during her widowhood-
- 8thly I give to my three Sons Jesse, Silas and Joel Rowland, & their respective heirs, all my lands in Botetourt County including the one sixth part thereof which I have devised to my wife. The said one sixth part to go into their possession at her decease; to be equally divided amongst them, with due respect to the improvements and the quality of the lands-the said division to be made at the expiration of the aforesaid six years, which will be on the first day of January one thousand eight hundred and twenty.
- 9thly at the expiration of the aforesaid six years I desire all my Personal Property to be appraised and sold to the best advantage and the money arising from the sales thereof to be equally divided amongst my well beloved wife and children, to wit, Milly Gilmore, William, David, Jesse, Silas and Joel Rowland, or their heirs--But I wish it always to be understood that at the expiration of the aforesaid six years if the one sixth part of my land in Botetourt County & Mrs. Rowland's interest in my Personal Property aforsd should be found not sufficient to support her comfortably, my Executors hereafter named shall over & above her dividends already made mentioned, apply as much of the money arising from the said sales as will give her an independent and comfortable support. It is also to be understood that from the proceeds of the said sales, all just debts and necessary expenses that my Estate may then be owing, are to be paid before the legatees receive their respective shares.
- 10thly- After my suits at law, which are now pending in the state of Kentucky for land are determined; if I should own more land in that state than is already divided, my Executors are to sell the same to the best advantage and make title for the same to the purchaser or purchasers and divide the proceeds of such sales equally amongst all my aforsd children. And it is at all times to be understood, that if at any time, any difficulty should arise about the true division of any part of my Estate or about the true intent and meaning of this Will--the parties therein concerned shall bear such difficulty to the direction of three disinterested men of respectable character & their award shall be a final decision.
- And lastly, I do hereby appoint my Sons Jesse, Silas and Joel Rowland my Executors of this my last Will & Testament hereby revoking all former wills or testaments by me heretofore made.
- In witness whereof I have here onto set my hand & Seal this 23d day of December 1813
- (signed) Thos. Rowland [Seal]
- Signed Sealed Published & declared to be the last Will & Testament of the above named Thomas Rowland in the presence of us: Robert Logan, Margaret Rowland, Wm. Anderson.
- At Botetourt August Court 1814
- This Instrument of writing was Produced in Court purporting to be the last Will & testament of Thomas Rowland, decd by and proven by the oath of the Revd Robert Logan & Peggy Rowland two of the Witnesses within Subscribed and thereupon ordered to be recorded .
- A Copy Teste: Wm. Bowyer, DC
- [Botetourt County Circuit Court: Will Book B, Pages 397 - 399]
Records in Augusta County, VA
From Chalkley’s Augusta County Records:
- Vol. 1 AUGUST, 1764 (A). - COUNTY COURT PAPERS. - Samuel Gray vs. Thomas Rowland, administrator of Robert Rowland.-- Superior Court of Law at Staunton. James Breckenridge deposes, 7th September, 1811, in Botetourt County, before Mathew Harvey, William Anderson: That shortly after the death of Robert, Thomas informed deponent that he had lost a considerable quantity of gunpowder, perhaps about five hundred weight, which he said belonged to Robert's estate, and had in his lifetime been made and packed perhaps for the plaintiff, to discharge a debt due to him which was payable in that article; that he apprehended it had been stolen by negroes in the neighborhood and desired this deponent to collect at the Court House such as he suspected for the purpose of examining them, which was done immediately. This happened shortly after the insurrection among the negroes in the neighborhood of Richmond was discovered. Deponent had no reason to believe that any quantity of gunpowder was stolen. Botetourt County records prove that defendant was convicted of slandering Paxton. John Smelzer was convicted in Sweet Springs District Court of slandering Joseph Ghent. Joseph Ghent is known to deponent since Joseph's infancy and is entitled to credit. On defendant's complaint many negroes were brought to the Court House and regularly examined, but nothing transpired to excite in deponent's understanding the least suspicion of their guilt.
- Vol. 1 - NOVEMBER 15, 1768. - (472) Road surveyor: Thomas Rowland, vice Samuel McRoberts.
- ↑ 1.0 1.1 .