Facts and Events
Thomas Gardner was one of the Early Settlers of Augusta County, Virginia
Early Land Acquisition in Augusta County, VA
Acquisition of Land from Chalkley's:
- Page 373.--14th September, 1763. John ( ) Coulter and Isbell ( ) to John Brown and Thomas Gardner, £140, 210 acres in Beverley Manor, purchased by John Coulter from William Nutt, 28th November, 1750, on Mill Creek; Robert McClenachan's line, corner James McCorkle; corner to graveyard of John Breckinridge, who was murdered by the Indians; corner John Buchanan's land. Delivered: Thos. Brown, May, 1771.
- Vol. 1 - JUNE 19, 1764. - (494) Rebecca Gardner qualified administrator of her husband, Thomas Gardner.
- Vol. 1 - JUNE 19, 1764. - (498) Alexr. Crawford, security for Thos. Gardner, now decd., for administration of estate of Thos. Gardner, decd., asks counter security, and Rebecca, administratrix of Thomas, summoned.
- Vol. 1 - AUGUST 20, 1765. - (440) New Commission. Francis Gardner and Thos. Bradshaw ask counter security of Rebecca Gardner, administratrix of husband, Thos. Gardner--summoned. Margaret Robinson qualified administratrix of husband, Wm. Robinson. (Note: Francis Gardner appears to be the probable father of this Thomas Gardner, as it is likely that he would be named the guardian of his grandchildren [he named his grandchildren Francis and Samuel in his will], as listed in records below).
- Vol. 1 - OCTOBER 16, 1765. - (15) Francis Gardner's motion to be appointed guardian of the orphans of Thomas Gardner rejected.
- Vol. 1 - AUGUST 25, 1766. - (291) Francis Gardner and Thomas Bradshaw, securities for Rebecca Gardner, admx. of husband, Thomas Gardner, since intermarried with Robert Brown, demand counter security.
- Vol. 1 - NOVEMBER 18, 1772. - Page (443) Francis Gardner appointed guardian to Francis and Samuel Gardner, orphans of Thomas Gardner.
- Page 76.--6th February, 1773. Rebecca Brown, late Rebecca Garner's account against the estate of Thomas Garner, deceased--To my account proven 12th August, 1765.
- Vol. 1 - MARCH 18, 1773. - (22) Rebecca Brownlee [sic, s/b Brown, as shown in other records], late Rebecca Gardner, admx, of Thos. Gardner.
- Vol. 1 - MAY, 1774 (A). - Brown vs. Brown.--Chancery writ dated 1st April, 1771. Robert Brown and Rebecca Brown, late Rebecca Gardner, formerly the wife of Thomas Gardner, deceased, and Francis Gardner, eldest son and heir-at-law of said Thomas Gardner, orators. In 1763, Thomas Gardner and John Brown purchased a tract of land from John Coulter, in Beverly Manor. Deeds were made in September, 1763. Shortly after, Thomas Gardner died intestate, leaving above widow and son and heir. John Brown entered and took possession by survivorship and died, devising the land to his sons John and Hugh, with provision that his son James should make a deed to his brothers. It is charged that John Brown and Thomas Gardner agreed there should be no survivorship. Prayer for division. John, Jr., was younger brother of Hugh Brown. Hugh was infant at his father's death. John was not 15 years old at his father's death.
- Vol. 2 - 17th November, 1778--John Poage, ditto (guardian) of Saml. Gardner, ditto (orphan) of Thos. Gardner.
- Vol. 1 - NOVEMBER 17, 1778. - (374) Samuel Gardner, orphan of Thomas Gardner, chose John Poage his guardian.
- Vol. 1 - MAY 21, 1791. - (464) Rebecca Gardner, relict and administratrix of Thomas Gardner, Francis and Samuel Gardner, orphans of said Thomas, versus John Brown, Rebecca Brown, widow of Hugh Brown, deceased, Sally and Margaret Brown, orphans of Hugh Brown. Sally and Margaret are infants. (Note: needs additional research).
- Vol. 1 - MAY 19, 1792. - Page (126-127) Rebecca Gardner, &c., vs. John Brown, &c.--Robert Brown and Rebecca, his wife, formerly relict and widow of Thomas Gardner, decd., are added as plaintiffs.
- Vol. 1 - MARCH, 1794. - Rebecca Gardner, widow of Thomas Gardner, Francis Gardner and Samuel Gardner, orphans of said Thomas Gardner, vs. John Brown, Rebecca Brown, widow of Hugh Brown, deceased, Sally Brown and Margaret Brown, infants and orphans of Hugh Brown.--Chancery. Spa. 23d March, 1791. Rebecca Gardner (widow) had married Robert Brown by 1792, September (January) 27. David Trimble deposes that he was in Staunton when Rebecca Gardner, now plaintiff, was on her way to Pennsylvania; and Maj. John Brown, deceased, father to defendant, was present when said John Brown, deceased, told her (Rebecca). Taken September 27, 1792. Did Maj. John Brown and Thomas Coalter own "Coalter's Place" together? Deposition of William Brown taken in Greenbrier 20th December, 1793. Rebecca Gardner fled to Buchanan's Fort for protection from Indians. Thomas Gardner was killed by the Indians. Bill says Thomas Gardner and John Brown in 176_ became joint purchasers of Coalter's Place. Thomas died the spring following the purchase, leaving widow Rebecca and sons, Francis and Samuel. Eight or ten years afterwards, John Brown died leaving four sons, Thomas, James, Hugh and John, and one daughter, ____. Hugh is dead. leaving Rebecca Brown, widow, and two daughters, Sally and Margaret. Rebecca Brown, defendant, is not an inhabitant 20th August, 1791, Patrick Buchanan and David Trimble are about to remove from the State, 18th September, 1792.
- Vol. 2 - Crawford vs. Kenney--O. S. 115; N. S. 39--Bill, 27th December, 1805. Orator, John Crawford. In 1751 Morris Offriel entered 200 acres in Augusta adjoining William Davis's survey. Morris did not complete his title and another survey was made by Daniel Offriel, son and heir-at-law of Morris, on 100 acres of the tract, on which in 1785 James Bell also made an entry. Chesley and Jacob Kenney, brothers, are in possession. James Bell died and devised the land to his sons, John and Samuel Bell, who conveyed to C. Kinney, who conveyed to Jacob. William Bell, aged 68 years, deposes 16th July, 1808, he has lived 60 years and upwards adjoining the land, being two years old when his father settled where deponent lives. John Elliott, aged 60 years upwards, the lower road on the plat was built 20 or 25 years after the affiant knew the upper road laid down by said defendants, to have been in use. The last was the old road and had been long used before the other was cut or opened. Maj. Samuel Bell, aged 48 or 49, deposes 2d April, 1808; has lived all his life in the neighborhood of the land in controversy on the near Buffalo Gap; there was a beautiful piece of pine timber on it. Samuel's father has been dead six or seven years and was about 70 years old. Samuel's grandfather and defendant's (Bell's) grandfather were brothers. Francis Gardner, aged 46 years, deposes, 1808; he was born and lived (except 2 or 3 years of childhood) in the neighborhood; his father was Thomas Gardner, who owned lands adjoining. Thomas was killed by Indians when Francis was very young. Francis Bell, aged 38, deposes, 23d January, 1808, that he has lived all his life near the land in controversy; son of James Bell, who has been dead more than 5 years. Robert Wallace deposes that he was well acquainted with Morris Offriel and Daniel Offriel. Daniel was cousin of deponent. Agnes Offriel deposes, 14th November, 1808, that she is widow of Daniel. They lived within two miles of the land from the time they were married upwards of thirty years ago, till the death of her husband ten years ago. William Bell, Jr., deposes 12th March, 1808; son of James and brother to John and Samuel. William is now in 40th year.
Records in Augusta County, VA
From Chalkley’s Augusta County Records:
- Vol. 1 - FEBRUARY 18, 1761. - (472) Robert Shanklin, qualified Captain of Militia. John Davis, qualified Lieutenant of Militia. Thomas Gardner appointed guardian of Mary Gardner, orphan of Thomas Gardner. William Graham, decd., his son, David Graham, chose William Man his guardian.