Person:Thomas Cox (46)

Watchers
m. 19 Apr 1826
  1. John Cox1827 - 1891
  2. Elizabeth Cox1829 - 1902
  3. Ann Cox1830 - 1832
  4. Thomas Cox1832 - 1884
  5. Emma Sophia Cox1833 - 1834
  6. Mary Cox1835 - 1908
  7. Catherine Cox1837 - 1933
  8. William Cox1838 - 1917
  9. Matthew Cox1840 - 1915
  10. Josiah Cox1843 -
  11. Sophia Cox1844 - 1915
m. 1 Jul 1861
  1. William Cox1862 -
  2. Elizabeth Ann Cox1865 - 1930
  3. Thomas Cox1867 -
  4. John Henry Cox1870 - 1955
  5. Arthur Cox1873 - 1877
  6. Catherine Cox1875 -
  7. Martha Cox1878 - 1965
Facts and Events
Name Thomas Cox
Gender Male
Christening[1] 22 Apr 1832 Barnack, Northamptonshire, England
Census[2] 6 Jun 1841 Barnack, Northamptonshire, England
Census[3] 30 Mar 1851 Ashton by Bainton, Northamptonshire, England
Census[4] 7 Apr 1861 Barnack, Northamptonshire, England
Marriage 1 Jul 1861 Great Hale, Lincolnshire, Englandto Elizabeth Turner Ward
Census[5] 2 Apr 1871 Barnack, Northamptonshire, England
Census[6] 3 Apr 1881 Barnack, Northamptonshire, EnglandBack Lane
Death[7] 5 Aug 1884 Upton (near Northampton), Northamptonshire, EnglandNorthampton County Lunatic Asylum
Burial[8] 11 Aug 1884 Barnack, Northamptonshire, England

Childhood

Thomas Cox was born in the parish of Barnack, Northamptonshire and baptised there on 22nd April 1832. He was the fourth of eleven children of a blacksmith named William Cox and his wife Catherine Mason, a dressmaker. Both Thomas's parents were also born and bred in Barnack. Thomas appears to have been named after his paternal grandfather, who had died just under two years earlier in 1830. Thomas's paternal grandmother, Catherine Newborn, lived with the family in Barnack until her death in 1851.

Thomas's father generally described himself as a blacksmith, but in the 1851 census described himself as a farmer of 95 acres, indicating a reasonable degree of affluence. In each census from 1851 to 1901 the sequence of neighbours listed either side of the Cox family in Barnack suggests that they were in the same house, which appears to be the house now known as Ragstone Cottage, 2 Station Road, Barnack, being at the junction of what was then called Main Street and Back Lane, a couple of doors away from the smithy (presumably where William worked) and the first house reached in the village after the enumerator listed Uffington & Barnack railway station.

Adulthood

As a young man, Thomas went to serve as an apprentice wheelwright in the nearby village of Ashton, where he was trained by a William Newbon - whose name suggests he may well have been a relative of Thomas's grandmother, Catherine Newborn, although the connection is not immediately obvious.

Once trained as a wheelwright, Thomas returned to Barnack. In 1856, Thomas's father William died, after which Thomas appears to have lived with his widowed mother and supported her.

In 1861, Thomas married Elizabeth Turner Ward. She was from Great Hale in Lincolnshire, about thirty miles north of Barnack, raising the question of how they met. They were married at Great Hale, but returned to Barnack to live. Thomas and Elizabeth had seven children, all born in Barnack, although their son Arthur died at the age of four. Thomas's mother died in 1876.

In the 1881 census, Thomas and Elizabeth and their children were living in Barnack, still seemingly at Ragstone Cottage. Thomas now described himself as a master wheelwright, employing one man.

Three years after that census, Thomas died - not in Barnack but the other end of Northamptonshire, at the Northampton County Lunatic Asylum in the parish of Upton on the edge of Northampton. The cause of death was given as "brain disease and melancholic exhaustion". He was 52 years old. He was buried six days later back in his native Barnack. There is a certain poignancy in the inscription on his grave: "We cannot Lord Thy purpose see, but all is well that's done by Thee."

Epilogue

After Thomas's death, his widow Elizabeth was supported at home at Ragstone Cottage by her children - the third time in as many generations that the household at Ragstone Cottage had comprised a widowed Mrs Cox supported by her children. Elizabeth was still living there in the 1901 census and probably died there in 1906, although her death certificate does not specify an address more accurate than just 'Barnack'. In all, it seems that five generations of the Cox family lived at Ragstone Cottage, from Thomas's grandmother down to some of his grandchildren (Thomas's son John Henry had a son in 1903 born in Barnack, quite likely at Ragstone Cottage).

Image Gallery
References
  1. Baptisms register, in Church of England. Parish Church of Barnack (Northamptonshire). Parish registers, 1695-1974. (Northampton: Northamptonshire County Record Office), Primary quality.
    BAPTISMS solemnized in the Parish of Barnack in the County of Northampton in the Year 1832
    No.When BaptizedChild's Christian NameParents' NameAbodeQuality, Trade, or ProfessionBy whom the Ceremony was performed
    ChristianSurname
    477April 22Thomas son ofWilliam & CatherineCoxBarnackBlacksmithC. Porter

    This baptism has been linked to the Thomas Cox who married Elizabeth Ward on the basis of the censuses after their marriage, which suggest that Thomas was born about 1832 in Barnack and their marriage certificate of 1861 which says that Thomas was the son of a blacksmith named William Cox.

  2. General Register Office. The National Archives (TNA): Public Record Office (PRO) HO 107/1-1465 Census Returns: 1841 Census Schedules, Class HO107; Piece 815; Book 2; Folio 10; Page 15, 6 Jun 1841, Primary quality.

    Address: Barnack, Northamptonshire
    William Cox, male, 39 [1801/2], Blacksmith, born in county
    Catherine Cox, female, 38 [1802/3], born in county
    John Cox, male, 14 [1826/7], born in county
    Elizabeth Cox, feale, 12 [1828/9], born in county
    Thomas Cox, male, 9 [1831/2], born in county
    Mary Cox, female, 6 [1834/5], born in county
    Catherine Cox, female, 4 [1836/7], born in county
    William Cox, male, 2 [1838/9], born in county
    Matthew Cox, male, 1 [1839/40], born in county
    Luke Broom, male, 18 [1822/3], J. Blacksmith, born in county
    Catherine Cox, female, 68 [1772/3], Ind, born in county

  3. General Register Office. The National Archives (TNA): Public Record Office (PRO) HO 107/1466-2531 Census Returns: 1851 Census Schedules, Class HO107; Piece 2094; Folio 524; Page 12, 30 Mar 1851, Primary quality.

    Address: Ashton, Northamptonshire
    William Newbon, head, married, male, 68 [1782/3], Wheelwright Mas[ter] E[m]pl[oying] 2 Men, b. Bainton, Northamptonshire
    Mary Newbon, wife, married, female, 56 [1794/5], Laundress, b. Orston, Huntingdonshire
    William Newbon, son, unmarried, male, 24 [1826/7], Weelwright [sic], b. Ashton, Northamptonshire
    Elizabeth Newbon, daughter, unmarried, female, 19 [1831/2], Laundress, b. Ashton, Northamptonshire
    Catherine Newbon, daughter, female, 2 [1848/9], b. Ashton, Northamptonshire
    Thomas Cox, unmarried, male, 19 [1831/2], Weelwright Ap [sic], b. Ashton, Northamptonshire

  4. General Register Office. The National Archives (TNA): Public Record Office (PRO) RG 9 General Register Office: 1861 Census Schedules, Class RG9; Piece 2314; Folio 53; Page 25, 7 Apr 1861, Primary quality.

    Address: Barnack, Northamptonshire
    Catherine Cox, head, widow, female, 57 [1803/4], Formerly dressmaker, b. Barnack, Northamptonshire
    Thomas Cox, son, unmarried, male, 29 [1831/2], Wheelwright, b. Barnack, Northamptonshire
    Matthew Cox, son, unmarried, male, 21 [1839/40], Wheelwright, b. Barnack, Northamptonshire
    Josiah Cox, son, unmarried, male, 18 [1842/3], Farm Laborer, b. Barnack, Northamptonshire

  5. General Register Office. The National Archives (TNA): Public Record Office (PRO) RG 10 General Register Office: 1871 Census Schedules, Class RG10; Piece 3310; Folio 58; Page 25, 2 Apr 1871, Primary quality.

    Address: Cottage, Barnack, Northamptonshire
    Thomas Cox, head, married, male, 39 [1831/2], Wheelwright & Cottager, b. Barnack, Northamptonshire
    Elizabeth Cox, wife, married, female, 37 [1833/4], b. Great Hale, Lincolnshire
    William Cox, son, male, 8 [1862/3], Scholar, b. Barnack, Northamptonshire
    Elizabeth A. Cox, daughter, female, 6 [1864/5], Scholar, b. Barnack, Northamptonshire
    Thomas Cox, son, male, 4 [1866/7], Scholar, b. Barnack, Northamptonshire
    John H. Cox, son, male, 9m [1870], b. Barnack, Northamptonshire
    Catharine Cox, mother, widow, female, 67 [1803/4], b. Barnack, Northamptonshire

  6. General Register Office. Public Record Office (PRO) RG 11 General Register Office: 1881 Census Schedules. (The National Archives), Class RG11; Piec 3194; Folio 38; Page 5, 3 Apr 1881, Primary quality.

    Address: Back Lane, Barnack, Northamptonshire
    Thomas Cox, head, married, male, 48 [1832/3], Wheel-wright Mast Emp 1 man, b. Barnack, Northamptonshire
    Elizabeth Cox, wife, married, female, 46 [1834/5], Wheel-wt's wife, b. Great Hale, Lincolnshire
    William Cox, son, unmarried, male, 18 [1862/3], Wheel-wt's son, b. Barnack, Northamptonshire
    Thomas Cox, son, male, 14 [1866/7], Butcher's boy, b. Barnack, Northamptonshire
    John H. Cox, son, male, 10 [1870/1], Scholar, b. Barnack, Northamptonshire
    Catherine Cox, daughter, female, 6 [1874/5], Scholar, b. Barnack, Northamptonshire
    Martha Cox, daughter, female, 2 [1878/9], b. Barnack, Northamptonshire

  7. Death certificate, in General Register Office. England and Wales Civil Registration. (London: General Register Office), Primary quality.
    Registration District Northampton
    1884 Death in the Sub-district of Bugbrooke in the County of Northampton
    No.When and where diedName and surnameSexAgeOccupationCause of deathSignature, description and residence of informantWhen registeredSignature of registrar
    75Fifth August 1884
    County Lunatic Asylum
    Upton R.S.D.
    Thomas CoxMale52 yearsWheelwright of Barnack near StamfordS.A.K. Strahan assistant medical officer of the Northampton County Lunatic AsylumBrain disease and melancholic exhaustion certified by Richard Greene L.R.C.P.Thirteenth August 1884J.L. Killingbeck
    Registrar
  8. Burials register, in Church of England. Parish Church of Barnack (Northamptonshire). Parish registers, 1695-1974. (Northampton: Northamptonshire County Record Office), Primary quality.
    BURIALS in the Parish of Barnack in the County of Northampton in the Year 1884
    No.NameAbodeWhen buriedAgeBy whom the Ceremony was performed
    451Thomas CoxBarnackAugust 1152M. Argles
    Rector
  9.   Stamford Mercury (Stamford, Lincolnshire, England), Friday 15 Aug 1884, Primary quality.

    DEATHS
    BARNACK.-Aug. 5, Thomas Cox, wheelwright, 52.