Person:Thomas Cox (46)

Watchers
m. 19 Apr 1826
  1. John Cox1827 - 1891
  2. Elizabeth Cox1829 - 1902
  3. Ann Cox1830 - 1832
  4. Thomas Cox1832 - 1884
  5. Emma Sophia Cox1833 - 1834
  6. Mary Cox1835 - 1908
  7. Catherine Cox1837 - 1933
  8. William Cox1838 - 1917
  9. Matthew Cox1840 - 1915
  10. Josiah Cox1843 -
  11. Sophia Cox1844 - 1915
m. 1 Jul 1861
  1. William Cox1862 -
  2. Elizabeth Ann Cox1865 - 1930
  3. Thomas Cox1867 -
  4. John Henry Cox1870 - 1955
  5. Arthur Cox1873 - 1877
  6. Catherine Cox1875 -
  7. Martha Cox1878 - 1965
Facts and Events
Name Thomas Cox
Gender Male
Christening[1] 22 Apr 1832 Barnack, Northamptonshire, EnglandSt John the Baptist
Census[2] 6 Jun 1841 Barnack, Northamptonshire, England
Census[3] 30 Mar 1851 Ashton by Bainton, Northamptonshire, England
Census[4] 7 Apr 1861 Barnack, Northamptonshire, England
Marriage 1 Jul 1861 Great Hale, Lincolnshire, Englandto Elizabeth Turner Ward
Census[5] 2 Apr 1871 Barnack, Northamptonshire, England
Census[6] 3 Apr 1881 Barnack, Northamptonshire, EnglandBack Lane
Death[7] 5 Aug 1884 Upton (near Northampton), Northamptonshire, EnglandNorthampton County Lunatic Asylum
Burial[8] 11 Aug 1884 Barnack, Northamptonshire, EnglandSt John the Baptist

Childhood

Thomas Cox was born in the parish of Barnack, Northamptonshire and baptised there on 22nd April 1832. He was the fourth of eleven children of a blacksmith named William Cox and his wife Catherine Mason, a dressmaker. Both Thomas's parents were also born and bred in Barnack. Thomas appears to have been named after his paternal grandfather, who had died just under two years earlier in 1830. Thomas's paternal grandmother, Catherine Newborn, lived with the family in Barnack until her death in 1851, whilst his maternal grandparents, William and Elizabeth Mason, were still in the village whilst Thomas was young - Elizabeth Mason died in 1842 and William in 1850.

Thomas's father generally described himself as a blacksmith, but in the 1851 census described himself as a farmer of 95 acres, indicating a reasonable degree of affluence. In each census from 1851 to 1901 the sequence of neighbours listed either side of the Cox family in Barnack suggests that they were in the same house, which appears to be the house now known as Ragstone Cottage, 2 Station Road, Barnack, being at the junction of what was then called Main Street and Back Lane, a couple of doors away from the smithy (presumably where William worked) and the first house reached in the village after the enumerator listed Uffington & Barnack railway station.

Adulthood

As a young man, Thomas went to serve as an apprentice wheelwright in the nearby village of Ashton, where he was trained by a William Newbon - whose name suggests he may well have been a relative of Thomas's grandmother, Catherine Newborn, although the connection is not immediately obvious.

Once trained as a wheelwright, Thomas returned to Barnack. In 1856, Thomas's father William died, after which Thomas appears to have lived with his widowed mother and supported her.

In 1861, Thomas married Elizabeth Turner Ward. She was from Great Hale in Lincolnshire, about thirty miles north of Barnack, raising the question of how they met. They were married at Great Hale, but returned to Barnack to live. Thomas and Elizabeth had seven children, all born in Barnack, although their son Arthur died at the age of four. Thomas's mother died in 1876.

In the 1881 census, Thomas and Elizabeth and their children were living in Barnack, still seemingly at Ragstone Cottage. Thomas now described himself as a master wheelwright, employing one man.

Three years after that census, Thomas died - not in Barnack but the other end of Northamptonshire, at the Northampton County Lunatic Asylum in the parish of Upton on the edge of Northampton. The cause of death was given as "brain disease and melancholic exhaustion". He was 52 years old. He was buried six days later back in his native Barnack. There is a certain poignancy in the inscription on his grave: "We cannot Lord Thy purpose see, but all is well that's done by Thee."

Epilogue

After Thomas's death, his widow Elizabeth was supported at home at Ragstone Cottage by her children - the third time in as many generations that the household at Ragstone Cottage had comprised a widowed Mrs Cox supported by her children. Elizabeth was still living there in the 1901 census and probably died there in 1906, although her death certificate does not specify an address more accurate than just 'Barnack'. In all, it seems that five generations of the Cox family lived at Ragstone Cottage, from Thomas's grandmother down to some of his grandchildren (Thomas's son John Henry had a son in 1903 born in Barnack, quite likely at Ragstone Cottage).

Image Gallery
References
  1. Baptisms register, in Church of England. Parish Church of Barnack (Northamptonshire). Parish registers, 1695-1974. (Northampton: Northamptonshire County Record Office), Primary quality.
    No.DateNameParentsSurnameAbodeFather's occupation
    47722 Apr 1832ThomasWilliam & CatherineCoxBarnackBlacksmith
  2. General Register Office. The National Archives (TNA): Public Record Office (PRO) HO 107/1-1465 Census Returns: 1841 Census Schedules, HO107/815/2/10/15, 6 Jun 1841, Primary quality.
    AddressBarnack, Northamptonshire
    NameSexAge*Implied birthdateOccupationBorn in county?
    William Coxmale391801/2BlacksmithY
    Catherine Coxfemale381802/3Y
    John Coxmale141826/7Y
    Elizabeth Coxfemale121828/9Y
    Thomas Coxmale91831/2Y
    Mary Coxfemale61834/5Y
    Catherine Coxfemale41836/7Y
    William Coxmale21838/9Y
    Matthew Coxmale11839/40Y
    Luke Broommale181822/3J. BlacksmithY
    Catherine Coxfemale681772/3IndY
    *Age was supposed to be rounded down to the next multiple of five for everyone over 15.
  3. General Register Office. The National Archives (TNA): Public Record Office (PRO) HO 107/1466-2531 Census Returns: 1851 Census Schedules, HO107/2094/524/12, 30 Mar 1851, Primary quality.
    AddressAshton, Northamptonshire
    NameRelation to headMarital statusSexAgeImplied birthdateOccupationBirthplace
    William Newbonheadmarriedmale681782/3Wheelwright Mas Epl 2 MenBainton, Northamptonshire
    Mary Newbonwifemarriedfemale561794/5LaundressOrton, Huntingdonshire
    William Newbonsonunmarriedmale241826/7Weelwright [sic]Ashton, Northamptonshire
    Elizabeth Newbondaughterunmarriedfemale191831/2LaundressAshton, Northamptonshire
    Cathirine Newbondaughterfemale21848/9Ashton, Northamptonshire
    Thomas Coxunmarriedmale191831/2Weelwright Ap [sic]Ashton, Northamptonshire
  4. General Register Office. The National Archives (TNA): Public Record Office (PRO) RG 9 General Register Office: 1861 Census Schedules, RG9/2314/53/25, 7 Apr 1861, Primary quality.

    Address: Barnack, Northamptonshire
    Catherine Cox, head, widow, female, 57 [1803/4], Formerly dressmaker, b. Barnack, Northamptonshire
    Thomas Cox, son, unmarried, male, 29 [1831/2], Wheelwright, b. Barnack, Northamptonshire
    Matthew Cox, son, unmarried, male, 21 [1839/40], Wheelwright, b. Barnack, Northamptonshire
    Josiah Cox, son, unmarried, male, 18 [1842/3], Farm Laborer, b. Barnack, Northamptonshire

  5. General Register Office. The National Archives (TNA): Public Record Office (PRO) RG 10 General Register Office: 1871 Census Schedules, RG10/3310/58/25, 2 Apr 1871, Primary quality.

    Address: Cottage, Barnack, Northamptonshire
    Thomas Cox, head, married, male, 39 [1831/2], Wheelwright & Cottager, b. Barnack, Northamptonshire
    Elizabeth Cox, wife, married, female, 37 [1833/4], b. Great Hale, Lincolnshire
    William Cox, son, male, 8 [1862/3], Scholar, b. Barnack, Northamptonshire
    Elizabeth A. Cox, daughter, female, 6 [1864/5], Scholar, b. Barnack, Northamptonshire
    Thomas Cox, son, male, 4 [1866/7], Scholar, b. Barnack, Northamptonshire
    John H. Cox, son, male, 9m [1870], b. Barnack, Northamptonshire
    Catharine Cox, mother, widow, female, 67 [1803/4], b. Barnack, Northamptonshire

  6. General Register Office. Public Record Office (PRO) RG 11 General Register Office: 1881 Census Schedules. (The National Archives), RG11/3194/38/5, 3 Apr 1881, Primary quality.

    Address: Back Lane, Barnack, Northamptonshire
    Thomas Cox, head, married, male, 48 [1832/3], Wheel-wright Mast Emp 1 man, b. Barnack, Northamptonshire
    Elizabeth Cox, wife, married, female, 46 [1834/5], Wheel-wt's wife, b. Great Hale, Lincolnshire
    William Cox, son, unmarried, male, 18 [1862/3], Wheel-wt's son, b. Barnack, Northamptonshire
    Thomas Cox, son, male, 14 [1866/7], Butcher's boy, b. Barnack, Northamptonshire
    John H. Cox, son, male, 10 [1870/1], Scholar, b. Barnack, Northamptonshire
    Catherine Cox, daughter, female, 6 [1874/5], Scholar, b. Barnack, Northamptonshire
    Martha Cox, daughter, female, 2 [1878/9], b. Barnack, Northamptonshire

  7. Death certificate, in General Register Office. England and Wales Civil Registration. (London: General Register Office), Primary quality.

    1884 DEATH in the Sub-district of Bugbrooke in the County of Northampton
    No. 75
    When and where died: Fifth August 1884, County Lunatic Asylum, Upton R.S.D.
    Name: Thomas Cox
    Sex: Male
    Age: 52 years
    Occupation: Wheelwright of Barnack near Stamford
    Cause: Brain disease and melancholic exhaustion certified by Richard Greene L.R.C.P.
    Informant: S.A.K. Strahan assistant medical officer of the Northampton County Lunatic Asylum
    Registered: Thirteenth August 1884

  8. Burials register, in Church of England. Parish Church of Barnack (Northamptonshire). Parish registers, 1695-1974. (Northampton: Northamptonshire County Record Office), Primary quality.
    No.DateNameAbodeAge
    45111 Aug 1884Thomas CoxBarnack52 [1831/2]
  9.   Stamford Mercury, Friday 15 Aug 1884
    DEATHS
    BARNACK.-Aug. 5, Thomas Cox, wheelwright, 52.