Person:Sancho Ramírez, King of Aragon and Navarre (1)

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Sancho Ramírez, King of Aragon and Navarre
b.c. 1042 Aragón, Spain
d.4 Jun 1094 Huesca
  • HSancho Ramírez, King of Aragon and Navarre
  1. Fernando Sanchez
m. 1065
  1. Peter I of Aragon and Navarre
Facts and Events
Name Sancho Ramírez, King of Aragon and Navarre
Gender Male
Birth? c. 1042 Aragón, Spain
Alt Birth[2] 1042 or 1043
Alt Marriage 1063 Spainto Felicia de Montdidier
Marriage 1065 to Isabel of Urgel
Divorce 1071 from Isabel of Urgel
Marriage abt 1076 to Felicia de Montdidier
Death[2] 4 Jun 1094 Huesca
Ancestral File Number 9HM1GT
Burial[2] Montearagón, transferred to Monastery of San Juan de la Peña


the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Sancho Ramírez (c. 1042 – 4 June 1094) was King of Aragon (1063–1094, not formally until 1076) and King of Navarre (from 1076, as Sancho V). He was the son of Ramiro I of Aragon and Ermesinda of Bigorre, and he succeeded his father in 1063.

Between 1067 and 1068, the War of the Three Sanchos involved him in a conflict with his first cousins, both also named Sancho: Sancho IV the king of Navarre and Sancho II the king of Castile, respectively. The Castilian Sancho was trying to retake Bureba and Alta Rioja, which his father had given away to the king of Navarre and failed to retake. The Navarrese Sancho begged the aid of the Aragonese Sancho to defend his kingdom. Sancho of Castile defeated the two cousins and retook both Bureba and Alta Rioja, as well as Álava.

Sancho Ramírez followed his father's practice, not using the royal title early in his reign even though his state had become fully independent. This changed in 1076, when Sancho IV of Navarre was murdered by his own siblings, thus prompting a succession crisis in this neighboring kingdom that represented Aragon's nominal overlord. At first, the murdered king's young son, García, who had fled to Castile, was recognized as titular king by Alfonso VI, while Sancho Ramírez recruited to his side noblemen of Navarre who resented their kingdom falling under Alfonso's influence. The crisis was resolved by partition. Sancho Ramírez was elected King of Navarre, while he ceded previously contested western provinces of the kingdom to Alfonso. From this time, Sancho refers to himself as king not only of Navarre but also Aragon.

Sancho conquered Barbastro in 1064, Graus in 1083, and Monzón in 1089. He was defeated by El Cid, who was raiding his lands and those of his Muslim allies, at the Battle of Morella, probably in 1084. He perished in 1094 at the battle of Huesca, supposedly from an arrow while inspecting the walls of the Muslim stronghold.

Sancho contracted his first marriage in , to Isabella (died ), daughter of Count Armengol III of Urgel. They were divorced 1071. His second marriage, in 1076, was with Felicia (died 3 May 1123), daughter of Count Hilduin III of Roucy. A third marriage—to Philippa of Toulouse—is sometimes given, but contemporary evidence records him as still married to Felicia at the time of his death. He was father of four sons: by Isabella, he had Peter, his successor; by Felicia he had Ferdinand, who was alive in 1086 but died within the next decade, Alfonso, who succeeded Peter, and Ramiro, who succeeded Alfonso.

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References
  1.   Sancho Ramírez, King of Aragon and Navarre, in Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia. (Online: Wikimedia Foundation, Inc.).
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 SANCHO V King of Navarre, in Cawley, Charles. Medieval Lands: A prosopography of medieval European noble and royal families.