m. 1 May 1581
Facts and Events
Samuel Wilbore (c. 1595–1656) was one of the founding settlers of Portsmouth in the Colony of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations. Coming from Essex, England with his wife and three sons, he first settled in Boston in 1633. He and his wife both joined the Boston church, but in 1636 a theological controversy began to cause dissension in the church and community, and Wilbore became a supporter of the dissident ministers John Wheelwright and Anne Hutchinson, signing a petition in support of Wheelwright. In so doing, he and many others were disarmed, and dismissed from the Boston church. In March 1638 he was one of 23 individuals who signed a compact to establish a new government, and at the urging of Roger Williams this group purchased Aquidneck Island from the natives, establishing the settlement of Portsmouth there.
Soon after settling in Portsmouth, Wilbore repudiated his signing of the petition in support of Wheelwright, thus allowing him back into the Massachusetts colony. By 1645 he had returned to Boston, but also owned property and resided in Taunton within the Plymouth Colony. He was living in Taunton when he wrote his will in April 1656, but was living in Boston when he died the following September. His will distributed his land holdings in Boston, Taunton, and Portsmouth to his three sons. Most of his Rhode Island descendants spell their name Wilbur.
The name Wilbore
Wilber (Wildbore) Arms-Sable, on a fesse between two boars passant argent,a javelin point of the field.Crest- The upper part of a spear proper thrust through a boar's head erased argent,Cropping blood proper.One of the many notable characters of early Massachusetts history, who were identified with the teachings of Mr. Wheelwright and Anne Hutchinson, and in consequence were exiled from the colony by the Puritan authorities was Samuel Wildbore, the progenitor of a large proprtion of the Wilber (Wilbur,Wilbor) families of New England today. The surname as used by the founder continued through one or two generations of his descendants, and in the records of the town where they settled entries are found using Wilbore,Wildboare,Wildbore. Soon afterward the contracted forms, Wilbur,Wilbar,Wilber and Wilbor appeared, and it is to the first orthography that the family in New England at the present time adheres most consistently. The majority of the descendants of Samuel Wildbore, of Boston,Portsmouth and Taunton, where the scene of his life was chiefly laid, have used the spelling Wilbur since the third generation. The name in its original form had its source in a nickname the signifies literally "the wild boar" Entry is found for "Willelmus Wyldebore" in the Poll Tax for West Riding of Yorkshire, 1379.
Samuel Wilbore (also spelled Wilbur) grew up in Braintree and, in 1619, took for a wife Ann Bradford, who had previously been married to a man named Smith. She was from Yorkshire where she grew up at Maiden Manor and was descended from a line of at least four generations of Bradford in the Bently, Yorkshire area dating back to 1435. Her great grandfather Peter Bradford was the great great grandfather of William Bradford, the longtime governor of the Plymouth colony founded by the Pilgrims. The families probably were farmers as the area in which they lived possessed the richest soil for growing crops in all of Yorkshire. Their home village of Bentley is located in the eastern part of the county about 15 miles northeast of Sheffield, a town that became famous as a cutlery making center and later for its silversmiths.
After their marriage Samuel and Ann moved up the road to Sible Hedingham, Essex, a village six miles north of Braintree and near the ancient Castle Hedingham. They were the parents of five sons, two of whom died in infancy. At some point in the 1630's, Samuel uprooted his family, hoping to capitalize on opportunities for them in the colonies.
In 1633 Samuel was made a freeman in Boston, and with his wife was admitted to the church in December of the same year. in 1634 he was assessor of taxes. By 1637 he seems to have fallen away from the recognized church, for on November 20th of that year he was one of several disarmed "in consequence of having been seduced and led into dangerous error by the opinions and revelations of Mr. Wheelwright and Mrs. Hutchinson," and given license to depart from the colony. Shortly therafter he removed to Rhode Island as one of the founders of Portsmouth.
In 1638 Samuel Wildbore was chosen clerk of the train band. In the following year he was made constable and given an allotment of a neck of land lying in the great cove,containing about two acres. In 1640 he and Ralph Earle, who seems to have been associated in some way with him, were ordered to furnish the town of Newport with new sawed boards at eight shillings per hundred feet, and half-inch boards at seven shillings, to be delivered at the "pit," by the water-side. On March 16, 1641, he was made a freeman in Portsmouth; in 1644 he was sergeant of militia, and in 1645 returned to Boston with his wife. On November 29, 1645, Samuel Wildbore and his wife were received into the church in Boston, and in a deposition made May 2, 1648, he made oath that when he married the widow of Thomas Lechford he received no part of her former husband's estate. In 1655 he was again at Portsmouth, but at the time of making his will he lived in Taunton and at the same time had a house in Boston. His will was recorded both in Massachusetts and in Plymouth Colony. It bore the date April 30, 1656 and was admitted to probate the following November. His estate His estate was inventoried at 282 pounds 19 shillings and 6d.
Samuel Wilbore later returned to Taunton and Boston. His wife Ann is listed as having died at Taunton sometime before (1639 at about 40 years of age. (Taunton had been established by the Pilgrims as a western outpost of their colony.) He later married a widow named Elizabeth Leckford and lived on for another 16 years. Samuel Wildbore was one of the founders of the iron industry at Taunton, Mass., building with his associates a furnace at what is now Raynham, the first built in New England.
Will of Samuel Wilbore of Taunton, April 30,1656 - Proved November 1, 1656, and is recorded in both Mass. and Plymouth Colony. "To wife Elizabeth, goods in my house at Boston where at present I do inhabit, also my sheep and lands at Dorchester there kept to halves, also a mare & colt at Jno Moores of Brantry. To Samuel my eldest son all lands at "Road Island" etc.,also 600 of iron lying at Taunton in my dwelling house there. To son Joseph house & land where he doth inhabit, also 12 a. granted me by ye town of Taunton, lying by ye iron mills, also my share in said Iron Works at Taunton. To youngest son Shadrach house & lands thereinto belonging at Taunton wherein I dwell, except half the orchard & half sd. house etc. which I give to my wife provided she continue there, but if she marry another man and inhabit elsewhere my son to have said land allowing my wife 10 pounds.Wife Elizabeth & son Shadrach executors,etc.