Person:Samuel Jackson (101)

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Name Samuel Jackson, Sr.
Gender Male
Birth? abt 1720 Stafford, Virginia, United States
Death? abt 1786 Prince William, Virginia, United States

It is a studied conjecture that this Samuel is the son of Francis Jackson Sr. and brother to Francis Jackson II. The estimated birth years of Francis and Samuel are of the right time period to be brothers. Results of sixty-seven marker DNA tests of descendants of both men indicate a relationship as Samuel's descendants are a match to the other descendants of Samuel's grandfather Samuel with the exception of one mutation at DYS ____.

Note from Jack McAnally: "Descendants of both Samuel and Francis all match the Hempstead DNA sufficiently such that Samuel Sr. 1134 and Francis 105 could be brothers. Your studied conjecture will fit within the possibilities of the Y-DNA information, but the Y-DNA info does not in any way help prove the conjecture other than these early Jackson were all related in some way. You have picked one of the possible ways. We don't have enough Y-DNA information to refute or prove the conjecture just enough to say it is possible."

Both Samuel and Francis were in the same locality, same time period. In his 1785 will, Samuel left several slaves to his heirs but no land was even mentioned. No record of Samuel owning land has been found. This may be consistent with his older brother (Francis) inheriting their father's land. (The father Francis Sr. died, age about 36 years old, before he had opportunity to acquire more than the one parcel that his son Francis inherited.) Samuel paid personal property taxes but no quit rents. His 1785 will names his sons and the first mentioned is a son named Francis, but since no birth dates are known for Samuel's sons, it is uncertain of their birth order.

1765 Samuel was found on the Tithable Tax list (Source: Virginia Genealogical Society)

1783 Quotes from the book "Prince William A Story of its People and Places, WPA, 1941
Appendix A: A list of Taxpayers in Prince William County in 1783 Compiled from Personal Property Tax Records: page 205. "Francis Jackson, Samuel Jackson, Samuel Jackson Jr., Samuel Jackson."
These are the only Jacksons listed for that tax year. Viewing the actual tax record we find that Francis, Samuel Sen, Samuel Jr. Jackson are all on the district above Cedar Run and the other Samuel is on the district below Cedar Run. There was a father Samuel with sons Samuel & Francis. The father wrote the 1785 will. These are probably the men above Cedar Run and the other Samuel could be the son of Francis and Sarah Tyler.

1785 Will Samuel Jackson Prince William Will Book G pgs 334, 335
In the Name of God amen, I Samuel Jackson, Senr. of the County of Prince William being very sick and weak but of Perfect memory calling to mind the Mortality of mankind, do constitute and appoint this my last Will and Testament in Manner and form as followeth and first of all give my Soul to God from whome it came and my Body to the Earth to be Buryed in a decent manner at the Discretion of my Executors.

Item I give and Bequeath to my son Francis Jackson one Negro man named Jacob also one Negro Girl named Jan also one Negro woman named Leana[?].

Item I give and Bequeath unto my son George Jackson one Negro man named Peter also one Negro Girl Hannah.

Item I give and Bequeath to Son John Jackson one negro man named David also one Negro boy named Daniel.

Item, I give and Bequeath to my son Samuel Jackson one Negro Woman named Easter also one Negroe Girl named Cate also one Negroe man named [p. 335] Billey also one Negro man named James also one Negro Girl named fancy, and whereas I have formerly give a Bill of Sale to my son Samuel Jackson for his Discharging a Bond of mine due to Mr. William Carr my Will and Desire is that he be Satisfied out of the rest of my Estate for the Discharging of the sd. Bond, the calling to mind, I have give him the sd. Negro man James for his Discharging of same Bond, I also give him one Chist [chest? chisl?] with some Cass [cast?] Bottles in it.

Item I give & Bequeath to my Daughter Nancy Roch one Negroe Girl named Milley also one Negroe Woman named Sue also one Negro Boy named Shaderick.

I also leve one Negroe man named Abraham to be Sold and the money to be Ecwelly [equally] Devided between George Jackson & Samuel Jackson the sons of Francis Jackson. I also leve one Negroe man named Dick to be Sold and the Money to be Ecwelly Divided between Samuel Jackson son of George Jackson Junr. and Charles Jackson son of Samuel Jackson Junior and all my houshol[d] Goods and Chattles to be Ecwelly divided amoungst all my Children above Named after my just Debts is justly paid.

I also leve one Negroe Woman named Mray [sic] to be sold and the money to be Ecwelly divided Between my three Grandaughters Susaner and Margret and Nancy the daughters of my son Francis Jackson.

I also do appoint my two sons George Jackson & John Jackson my Executors of this my last Will in Witness whereof I have set my hand and afixt my seal this twenty ninth day of January one thousand seven Hundred and Eighty five. [Signed:] Samuel Jackson {Seal}

Sined sealed and Delivered in the Presence of
Isaac Murphy
Benjamin Mattison
Thomas Mattison

At a Court held for Prince William County the 6th day of March 1786 this last Will and Testament of Samuel Jackson deces'd was Presented to the Court by the Executors therein named Who made Oath thereto according to law and the same being proved by the Oaths of the Witnesses thereto Subscribed and admitted to record the Said Exors having performed what is usual in such cases a certificate is granted them for obtaining a Probate thereof in due form. Test Robt. Graham, Cl Cur.

Transcribed and contributed by:
Donald L. Wilson, Virginiana Librarian
Ruth E. Lloyd Information Center
for Genealogy and Local History (RELIC)
Prince William Public Library System
Bull Run Regional Library
8051 Ashton Avenue, Manassas, VA 20109-2892
703-792-4540 www.pwcgov.org/library/relic

Note that Samuel willed no land to his descendants. This fits with my conjecture that he was not an oldest son and had not received any land by inheritance. His sons Samuel and Frances leased land in 1792 but there was no release so they had not planned to buy the land; they were just leasing.

On the same day as the Will was presented to the Court and admitted to record, Samuel's two sons, George and John, together with John Calvert, John Redmon and James Greenstad, paid the bond to received powers of administration.

Prince William Co VA Bond Book 1732-1847
March 6th 1786 (2-174)
Know all Men by these Presents, that we John Jackson, George Jackson, John Calvert, John Redmon and James Greenstad are held and firmly bound to Howson Hooe, William Tebbs, William Alexander and Mathew Harrison, Gent. Justices of the Court of Prince William County, now sitting, in the sum of three thousand pounds.
Payment whereof well and truly to be made to the said Justices, and their Successors, we bind ourselves, and each of us, our and each of our Heirs, Executors and Administrators, jointly and severally, firmly by these Presents. Sealed with our Seals, this sixth day of March in the Year of our Lord One Thousand Seven Hundred and Eighty Six.
The Condition of this Obligation is such, That if the above bound John Jackson and George Jackson, Executors of the Last Will and Testament of Samuel Jackson deceased, do make, or cause to be made, a true and perfect Inventory of all and singular the Goods, Chattels, and Credits of the said Deceased, which have, or shall come to the Hands, Possession, or Knowledge of them the said John and George or into the Hands or Possession of any other Person or Persons for them and the same so made, do exhibit into the County Court of Prince William at such Time as they shall be thereunto required by the said Court; and the same Goods, Chattels and Credits, and all other the Goods, Chattels, and Credits of the said Deceased, which at any Time shall come to the Hands, Possession, or Knowledge of the said John and George or into the Hands and Possession of any other Person or Persons for them do well and truly administer according to Law; And further do make a True and Just Account of their Actings and doings therein, when thereunto required by the said Court; and also well and truly pay and deliver all the Legacies contained and specified in the said Testament, as far as the said Goods, Chattels and Credits, will thereunto extend, and the Law shall charge: Then this Obligation to be void and of none Effect, else to remain in full Force and Virtue.
Sealed, and delivered, in presence of the Court.
John Jackson SEAL
George Jackson SEAL
John Calvert SEAL
John Redmon SEAL
James Greenstad SEAL

References
  1.   Prince Wm Virginia WB G; pgs 334-335.