Facts and Events
came from Eng to Salem Mass in 1633. founder of Connecticut. Grave stone inscription for both in Diary of Ezra Stiles V. 3 p. 82.
From the Genealogical Dictionary of Rhode Island and "1000 Years of Hubbard History," we learn:
He says of himself: "Such was the pleasure of Jehovah towards me, I was born of good parents, my mother brought me up in the fear of the Lord, in Mendelsham, in catechising me and hearing choice ministers, &c."
Oct 1633 - Salem, MA. He came this month from England.
1634 - He went to Watertown, MA, where he says he joined the church, "by giving account of my faith."
Oct 1635 - With a party of about one hundred, he started to march through the wilderness to the Connecticut Valley; winter coming on before they reached their destination they suffered much from exposure, and insufficient food. Samuel Hubbard remained at Windsor during the winter where he married to Tacy Cooper by Mr. Ludlow. Tacy Cooper had come to Dorchester, MA, 9 Jun 1634, and was one of the party.
In 1636, shortly after their marriage, they went to Wethersfield, CT. 10 May 1639 - Springfield, MA. He moved here at this date, in search of peace, and a church was soon gathered; he says: "I gave acct. of my faith" and that there were "five men in all...my wife soon after added."
To escape persecution under the harsh laws of Massachusetts they agin moved 10 May 1647 to Fairfield, CT. His stay here was short: "God having enlightened both, but mostly my wife, into his holy ordinances of baptizing only of visible believers, and being very zealous for it, she was mostly struck at and answered two terms publicly, where I was also said to be as bad as she, and sore threatened imprisonment to Hartford jail, if not to renounce it or to remove; that Scripture came into our mouths, if they persecute you in one place, flee to another; and so we did 2 day of October, 1648, we went for Rhode Island, and arrived there 12 day. I and my wife upon manifestation of our faith were baptized by brother John Clarke, 3 day Nov 1648."
7 Aug 1651 - He was sent by the church to visit the brethren in prison at Boston, viz: John Clarke, Obadiah Holmes and John Crandall.
Oct 1652 - "I and my wife had hands laid on us by brother Joseph Torrey."
He was admitted Freeman of Newport, RI in 1655.
1 Oct 1657 - "Brother Obadiah Holmes and I went to the Dutch and Gravesend and to Jamaica and to Flushing and to Hamsted and to Cow Bay." They came home 15 Nov 1657.
In 1664 he was chosen to be General Solicitor, in case of inability of Lawrence Turner.
He writes: "My wife took up the keeping of the Lord's holy Seventh Day Sabbath. the 10th day March, 1665. I took it up 1 day April 1665; our daughter Ruth, 25 Oct 1666; Rachel, 15 Jan 1666; Bethiah, Feb 1666; our son Joseph Clarke, 23 Feb 1666."
7 Apr 1668 - "I went to Boston to public dispute with those baptised there."
Jul 1668 - He wrote his cousin, John Smith, of London, from Boston, where he had been to a disputation: "Through God's great mercy, the Lord have given me in this wilderness, a good, diligent, careful, painful and very loving wife; we, through mercy, live comfortably, praised be God, as co- heirs together of one mind in the Lord, traveling through this wilderness to our heavenly Sion, knowing we are pilgrims as our fathers were, and good portion being content therewith. A good house, as with us judged, 25 acres of ground fenced, and four cows which give, one young heifer and three calves, and a very good mare, a trade, a carpenter, a health to follow it, and my wife very diligent and painful, praised be God. This is my joy and crown, in humility I speak of it, for God's Glory, I trust all, both sons in law and daughters are in visible order in general; but in especial manner my son Clarke and my three daughters, with my wife and about 14 walk in the observation of God's holy sanctified 7 day Sabbath, with much comfort and liberty, for so we and all ever had and yet have in this Colony."
16 Dec 1671 - He wrote to his children at Westerly, about the differences between those favoring the seventh day observance and the rest of the church. Several spoke on both sides. Mr. Hubbard gave his views. Brother Torrey said they required not my faith. Other discussion followed: "They replied fiercely, it was a tumult. J. Torrey stopped them at last."
With his wife, one daughter, and four other persons he formed the first Seventh Day Baptist Church in America. He writes: "We entered into a church covenant the 23rd day of December, 1671, viz: William Hiscox, Stephen Mumford, Samuel Hubbard, Roger Baxter, sister Hubbard, sister Mumford, Rachel Langworthy," &c. Their church was not formed without a depature by their former associates from that spirit of toleration and "soul liberty" which Roger Williams claimed; for the members who united on Dec. 23, had been excommunicated Dec. 7, when the Rev. Obidiah Holmes preached against their doctrine of Seventh Day observance, and even declared "they had left Christ, and gone after Moses." There is extant a letter from Roger Williams to Samuel Hubbard, in which he argues the position taken by the latter, and cites various texts against his views; but it is written in a very different spirit from that shown by the Newport church, and recognizes the conscientious motives which actuated Hubbard. "Bro' Hiscox and I send this Church to N. London and Westerly, 7 day Mar 1675," and again March, 1677/8 and 1686.
1675 - He says: "I have a testament of my grandfather Cocke's, printed 1549, which he hid in his bedstraw, lest it be found and burned, in Queen Mary's days."
1 Nov 1675 - He wrote Mr. Henry Reeves, at Jamaica; "Very sudden and strange changes these times afford in this, our age, everywhere, as I hear and now see in N.E. God's hand seems to be stretched out against N. England, by wars by the natives, and many Englishmen fall at present." "This island doth look to ourselves as yet, by mercy not one slain, blessed be God." "My wife and 3 daughters, who are all here by reason of the Indian war, with their 15 children, desire to remember their christian love to you."
Nov 1676, he writes: "In the midst of these troubles of the war [King Philip's] Lieut. Joseph Torrey, Elder of Mr. Clarke's Church, having one daughter living at Squamicut and his wife being there, he said unto me `Come, let us send a boat to Squamicut, my all is there, and part of yours.' We sent a boat, and his wife, his daughter and son in law and all their children and my two daughters, and their children [one had eight, the other three, with an apprentice boy] all came. ...My son Clarke came afterwards before winter, and my other daughter's husband in the spring, and they have all been at my house to this day."
Feb 26, 1676, he writes a nephew at Rye: "I bless my God, my condition is comfortable, and I am very well contented with knowing it is more to give than to receive. ...My wife and daughter Langworthy desired me to write about flax, yet if you bring some 20 pound if at a pound of flax for a pound of wool, it's so at Stonington; if bring Indian Corn it's now 4 pound of wool a bushel and I think it wiil be more."
Sep 2, 1677, he writes: "Truely Children for the present I am not altogether beset with thoughts (as its judged from Satan) I have been in very sore exercise, ever since br. Hiscox came to ye and a week before, occasioned by a sudden sentence of the Ch. declaring yet I have not the gift of prophesying publickly in the church tho' hereto fore judged by those brethren of the Old Ch. Yet by most here and encouraged in it, was so sorely set on, that I was horribly tempted to deny all, yet kept; but sorely harried. I pray be silent in this manner for the present."
29 Jun 1678 - He wrote Dr. Stennett, of London: "From my own house in Mayford, in Newport," &c. "Last winter the Lord visited me with a very sore cough as long as strength, and breath did last, oft 5 times together only a little respite; my dear wife oft took her farewell of me, my dear brethren watched me in their terms. Major Cranston [his physician] I sent for - he judged none help or hope for sure, but for present refreshment he gave me a small vial of spirits, which I took, and had some sleep, but my cough rather increased." He was visited by the church which drew into the other room agreeing to seek God's face for me poor one. "The next day I would have gone to town to give public praise, but was advised not to go," &c. "Our Governor died the 19th day of June, 1678, buried 20th day, all this island was invited, many others were there, judged near a thousand people, our brother Hiscox spake there excellently," &c.
1680 - Taxed 6s. 2d.
In 1683, Samuel Hubbard went by water to visit friends at Rye, returning by Fairfield, Milford, New Haven, Guilford, Lyme, New London, and Westerly, arriving home after six weeks absence, Sept 25. In a letter dated May 23, 1684, he says: "What marvelous rich grace...hath made known his holy sabbath to such poor worms: first to my wife, I next, the first settlers or planters in N.E. (one brother and one sister came over with the practice of it)."
19 Dec 1686 - He wrote to John Thronton, of Providence: "My old brother who was before me, you and brother Joseph Clarke (only alive) in that ordinance of baptism, I next and my wife in New England, although we stept before you in other ordinances: Oh! let us strive still to be first in the things of God," &c. ..."My wife and I counted up this year 1686: My wife a creature 78 years, a convert 62 years, married 50 years and independent and joined to a church 52 years, a baptist 38 years, a Sabbath Keeper 21 years. I a creature of 76 years, a convert 60 years and independent and joined to a church 52 years, a baptist 38 years, a Sabbath Keeper 21 years. We are by rich grace bornup and adorned with rich mercies above many, as to have all my three daughters in the same faith and order, and 2 of their husbands and 2 of my grandaughters and their husbands also with us. O praise the Lord for his goodness endures forever! Not to us, not to us poor creatures. These may be my last lines unto you, farewell."
7 May 1688 - He wrote Richard Brooks, of Boston: "The mesles is not gone here. My daughter Rachel have them and some of her family." "
From "1000 Years of Hubbard History," we learn:
"Samuel Hubbard, youngest son of James and Naomi (Cocke) Hubbard, was born in Menddelsham (a market town about eighty miles northeast of London), Suffolk County, in 1610. He arrived in Salem Mass., in October, 1633, and probably came in the ship James, Grant, master, which left Gravesend, England late in August, 1633, and arrived in Massachusetts Bay October 10, 1633."
"1000 Years of Hubbard History," says this about Samuel Hubbard's diary:
"Copious notes were made from this diary by Dr, Isaac Backus, a Baptist historian of about 1777. These notes are now possessed by Ray Greene Huling, of New Bedford, Mass., though the original diary and other valuable manuscripts of Samuel Hubbard disappeared about 1852. There are living descendants of this Samuel Hubbard through Bethiah Hubbard and Joseph Clarke of various names, but none of the name of Hubbard."
"Tacy Cooper who was born in England in 1608 and came to Dorchester, Mass., June 9, 1634, and to Dorchester (Windsor), Ct., in 1635. She had brothers Robert, of Yarmouth, Norfolk, and John of London, Eng. Robert returned to England from America in 1644."
In May 1647, "Samuel was now with his wife imbibing freely and preaching ardently the doctrines of Anabaptism." Upon arrival in Rhode Island, 12 Oct 1648, "I and my wife upon manifestation of our faith were baptised by brother Joseph Clarke, 3 day of November, 1648." "He was a zealous Baptist and public religious disputant. For twenty three years he belonged to the First Baptist Church of Newport."