Facts and Events
Samuel Cowden was one of the Early Settlers of Augusta County, Virginia
Early Land Acquisition in Augusta County, VA
Acquisition of Land from Chalkley's:
- Page 352.--22d May, 1760. Same (From Robert McClenachan and Sara) to David Stewart and Samuel Cowden, £27, 30 acres, lot No. 9, Woodland, near Staunton; also No. 13 in Staunton. Teste: John McNulty.
- Page 570.--17th September, 1763. Pat. Martin and Jane to Samuel Cowden and Andrew Greer, £200, 321 acres on Back Creek of Middle River in Beverley Manor, land formerly belonging to Jno. Young, on an island of said creek.
Disposition of Land from Chalkley's:
- Page 71.--13th June, 1766. Samuel Cowden, of Staunton, to David Stewart. Consideration, David's going Samuel's security on several occasions. Tract which Samuel and Andrew Greer bought of Patrick Martin, 321 acres. Mortgage. Teste: Wm. Crow, John Stewart.
- Page 406.--1st June, 1769. Samuel Cowdon and Martha ( ) to John McPheeters, £250, 321 acres on Back Creek of Middle River in Beverley Manor, conveyed to Samuel Cowdon and Andrew Greyor by Patrick Martin and Jane, 17th September, 1763, corner land formerly John Young's on an island of said Creek. Delivered: John McFeeters, 5th January, 1773.
- Page 266.--6th January, 1770. Samuel Cowden and Mathew Cowden to John Graham and Daniel Kidd, £80, mortgage, Ys, acre in Staunton, part of a lot formerly James Hughes' and purchased by Col. David Stewart and Samuel Cowden and 15 acres of wood land belonging to the same and bounded by Sampson Mathews, Archer Mathews, James Hartgrove, Euphram Hughes, widow; being the same whereon Randal Lockhart and John Readpath now lives; also 1/2 acre lot lying above Daniel Kidd's and joining Water Street and divided by one street from a lot belonging to Doctor John Mathews, and 30 acres of woodland thereto belonging; also 1/2 acre lot in Staunton, formerly property of Joseph Bell bounded by Robert Reed and Doctor William Fleming's lots. Teste: John Virner.
Will of Samuel Cowden
From "Mecklenburg County, North Carolina. Abstracts of Early Wills, 1763-1790", by Brent H. Holcomb, pg. 17:
- Will of Samuel Cowden, being very sick.. to my brother Walter Cowden by horse & saddle & wearing apparel & what grain I have at Robert Harris & what yarn properly belongs to me at my brother Robert Cowdens or Capt. Samuel Pickens & also the Buckskins at William Wileys; to my sons Walter & John Cowden begot on the body of Martha Wilson all & every part of my Estate only what is excepted to be between them equally divided; my brothers Walter Cowden & James Harris of Reedy Creek, exrs. 28 March 1782. (signed) Samuel Cowden (seal). Wit: John Harris, Robert Harris, jurat, Elizabeth Harris. Will Book A, p. 168. C.R. 065.801.14. (Note: this will proves the identity of Samuel Cowden's wife as Martha Harris. She was married first to Samuel Wilson of Staunton, who died in 1760 and named his wife "Martha" in his will, then she married Samuel Cowden in 1762 (marriage Bond in Augusta County in 1762). She is most likely the sister of the "James Harris of Reedy (Reed's) Creek", who is named as "my brother" in Samuel Cowden's will).
Records of Samuel Cowden in Augusta County, VA
From Chalkley’s Augusta County Records:
- Vol. 1 - MARCH, 1758 (B). - Stephenson vs. Fulton.--Witnesses, 1757, Samuel Cowdon and John Flieman.
- Page 111.--17th February, 1762. David Stewart, Walter Cowdon and Saml. Cowdon's bond (with Chas. Lewis, Wm. Crow, Robt. Reed), as administrators of James Leister.
- Vol. 2 - Marriage Bond in Augusta County - Samuel Cowden, 25 February 1762 (Bride's name not listed).
- Page 187.-- 20th August, 1762. James Simpson's appraisement, by Jas. Wood, Wm. Crow, Saml. Cowden. Recorded.
- Vol. 1 - NOVEMBER, 1762. - Samuel Cowden & Co. vs. Wm. Grant, late of the Virginia Regiment.-- 1761. Account.
- Vol. 1 - NOVEMBER, 1762. - Cowdon & Co. vs. Grant.--1761. Debtor, William Grant, late of the Virginia Regiment, to Samuel Cowdon & Co., June to July, account for rum, punch, bumbo, julip, whiskey, sangoree, £2.17.6.
- Vol. 1 - NOVEMBER, 1762 (A). - Davis vs. Cowdon.--1761. Mr. Samuel Cowdon & Co. to Thomas Davis, debtor. To ferrying twelve wagons twice at New River, 24 times at 5/9 per time, £6.18.0; to one man and three horses twice, £0.5.0; to James Leister one horse four times, £0.3.4; to Samuet Cowdon one horse six times, £0.5.0.
- Vol. 1 - JUNE, 1764 (B). - Cowdon vs. Patrick.--The defendant sold unto the plaintiff 80 pair of shoes, which were very bad, and not made in a good and workmanlike manner, but so insufficient that the plaintiff could not dispose of the same in ye camp, and by reason thereof his store got a bad character to his great damage.
- Page 655.--18th June, 1764. Thomas Fulton, of Staunton, to Samuel Cowden, of Staunton, £59.41, beds, furniture, &c.
- Vol. 1 - AUGUST, 1764 (A). - Dr. Sergt. Wm. Bell to Samuel Cowdon & Co.--1761, April, May, July, August--Liquors and furnishings.
- Vol. 1 - MARCH, 1765 (A). - Cowdon vs. Dean.--1761. Debtor Sergeant William Dean to Samuel Cowdon, David Stewart & Co. Sundries as per Captain Blagg's directions, £3.0.0.
- Vol. 1 - OCTOBER, 1765 (B). - Cowden vs. Cabeen.--1761. Debtor, William Cabeen, to Messrs. Samuel Cowden & Co. July 20, to balance from Fort Chriswell, old ledger, £0.16.0. To do. from new do., £8.16.6. December 15, to do. from new book, £2.17.10. October, to do. from Stalnaker's, £20.1.8. To do. from Fort Chriswell, £2.7.0. November, to do. from Stalnaker's, £2.17.6. Credit, by mistake, £2.7.10. By cash, £10.0.0. By do., £1.0.0.
- Vol. 1 - OCTOBER, 1765 (D). - Henry Smith vs. Samuel Cowdon.--Henry on 15th September, 1758, becomes security for Thomas Fulton on a bond to Margaret Dyer--payable on or before 16th September next ensuing date. After same was payable and before it was paid it was assigned by John Cravens, who married Margaret, to Robert Cravens.
- Vol. 1 - OCTOBER 21, 1765. - (94) Many suits versus Saml. Cowdon.--Did he fail?
- Page 436.--22d October, 1765. Estate of James Leister in account with David Stewart and Saml. Cowdon, administrators, recorded.
- Page 453.--15th May, 1766. John Young and Mary to John Davis, £67, 280 acres on West Fork of James River called Back Creek. Teste: James Hughes, Samuel Moor and Samuel Cowden.
- Page 85.--7th June, 1766. Samuel Cowden to Sampson Mathews on account of Wm. McClure, of Pennsylvania, £19, bill sale of personal property conditioned to pay £19. Teste: Walter Cunningham and Jno. Murray.
- Page 86.--10th June, 1766. Same (Samuel Cowden) to John Murray, £10.2.4. bill sale of personal property conditioned for payment of above sum.
- Page 84.--23d August, 1766. Andrew Greer and Ruth to David Stuart, £100, one moiety of 321 acres on Back Creek originally surveyed for Alexander Walker and sold by him to Patrick Martin, and by Martin to Andrew Greer and Samuel Cowden, the same tract whereon Patrick lately lived, joining John Moffet and Samuel Young, the other moiety being lately mortgaged by Samuel Cowden to David Stuart.
- Page 509.--23d August, 1767. David Stewart's will--To wife Margaret, and to her oldest daughter, Mary Pall, 1 tract lying over James River, 100 acres; to son, John; to daughter, Sebing (?), 219-1/2 acres purchased from Andw. Johnston; to daughter, Elizabeth, tract on Round Oak and part of a lot in Staunton (no buildings on it) between Saml. Cowdon and me, and the lot that Jno. Stuart now lives on to be sold; to son, John, plantation testator lives on with 2 negros, goot from Greor formerly Patrick Martins. Executors, George Mathis and Wm. Lewis. Teste: Joseph Ray. Proved, 19th March, 1767, wholly in testator's handwriting. Executors refuse. Administration granted George Mathews and Andw. Lewis, who qualify with Sampson Mathews, Robert Breckinridge.
- Page 21.--25th August, 1767. Samuel Cowdon to Mathew Willson and James Cowdon, chairs and beds in trust to secure payment of £20 to Samp and George Mathews for which Mathew and James are security for Samuel. Teste: Susanna ( ) Cockran, John Murray, Pat. Lockhart.
- Vol. 1 - AUGUST, 1767 (C). - Crow vs. Cowdon.--Samuel and Walten Cowdon, debtor to William Crow. 1759, December 30, cash for James Stevenson, John Givins and Brine McBride; 1760, December 22, to McAnulty's wages; 1762; 1763, February 10, to cash per Wat in Carolina; 1764, April 10, per George Francisco; April 15, per Edward Long; May 18, per Wm. Robertson, per John Stinson's son; June 7.
- Page 135.--12th March, 1768. David Frame and Mary to Hugh Donaho, 5 shillings, 68 acres a moiety of 136 acres patented 12th May, 1759, on a draft of Naked Creek, east side of the Pennsylvania road. Teste: Edward Womer, Thomas Smith, Joseph Dickenson, Samuel Cowdan. Delivered: Hugh Donaho, December, 1771.
- Vol. 1 - AUGUST, 1769 (A). - John Stewart vs. Samuel Cowden.--Trespass Case, 1767. Account, 1762-1767. 16th January, 1762, breeches for your brother, Walter. July, 1767, to 1 pair breeches in Carolina.
- Vol. 1 - AUGUST, 1769 (A). - John Stewart vs. Samuel Cowdon.--1762, June 4, cloth returned from your old account and not settled for; house rent, 4 months 25 days; January 16, seven pairs leather breeches for your brother Walter, £8, 11, 0; April; May 16; April; 1763, May, one coat sold to John Martins; 1764, received by James Ward; 1765, May, one coat for your son; 1766, May, by repairing your house that I rented, £2; 1767, July, one pair breeches in Carolina, £1, 2, 0; cash paid Sheriff in ditto, £3, 4, 10; cash paid Gaoler in ditto, £0, 11, 10; cash lent to buy shoes in ditto, £0, 11, 0; cash paid your expenses coming in from ditto, £0, 9, 0; cash for Robert Garral, £0, 15, 0; cash paid Robert Young, £0, 17, 0; 1760, to five months diet for James Stevenson, £4, 10, 0; November, to cash of suit that I was in prison bounds for you.
- Vol. 1 - AUGUST, 1769 (C). - Samuel Cowdon vs. William Wallace.--John Murray swears, 17th August, 1769, that he assisted Samuel Cowdon in his store in 1762.
- Vol. 1 - MARCH, 1771 (A). - Samuel Cowdon vs. John Stewart, Tailor of Staunton.--Chancery.--Writ, 8th February, 1770.
- Page 437.--15th November, 1774. Daniel Kidd and John Graham to Theobald, alias Devault, Bosang. James Hughes seised of ot 7 in Staunton and 30 acres of woodland purchased by James from Robert McClenachan and bargained to sell part of each to James Leister, deceased, trader. Leister died before deed made. and James agreed with Leister's administrators and surviving partners to convey to them in consideration of their paying him the remainder of the purchase money; James died before conveyance; through several transfers and suit in chancery, property was conveyed in trust to Daniel Kidd and John Graham to secure them as securities for Samuel Cowdon, by decree in chancery foreclosing the equity of redemption. Delivered: John Bosang, February, 1776.