Rosamund de Clifford
Facts and Events
- the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia
Rosamund Clifford (before 1150 – ca. 1176), often called "The Fair Rosamund" or the "Rose of the World", was famed for her beauty and was a mistress of King Henry II of England, famous in English folklore.
Rosamund was the daughter of the marcher lord Walter de Clifford and his wife Margaret or Isabel de Tosny. Walter was originally known as Walter Fitz Richard, but his name was gradually changed to that of his major holding, first as steward, then as lord. This was Clifford Castle on the River Wye.
Rosamund had two sisters, Amice and Lucy. Amice married Osbern fitz Hugh of Richard's Castle and Lucy Hugh de Say of Stokesay. She also had three brothers, Walter II de Clifford, Richard and Gilbert.
Rosamund probably first met the King when he passed by Clifford Castle in 1163 during one of his campaigns in Wales against Rhys ap Gruffydd.
Her name, Rosamund, may have been influenced by the Latin phrase rosa mundi, which means "rose of the world."
- ↑ 1.0 1.1 Rosamund Clifford, in Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia. (Online: Wikimedia Foundation, Inc.).
- The House of Clifford, Ch 5.
"Much controversy surrounds the identity of the Mother of William, for Rosamund was not the king's only mistress, though there are many who believe she was. Those who dispute Rosamund's claim base their case on the disparity in the ages of all concerned, but there is other evidence as well which can not be ignored. Unfortunately, the records date neither the birth of Rosamund nor that of her father, or her reputed sons. Documents also indicate an Ida, and an Ykenai as his mother."
- The English peerage, or, A view of the ancient and present state of the English nobility: to which is subjoined a chronological account of such titles as have become extinct from the Norman conquest to the beginning of the year M,DCC,XC. (London: R. Spilsbury, 1890).
- Burke, John Bernard. A Genealogical History of the Dormant, Abeyant, Forfeited, and Extinct Peerages of the British Empire. (London: Harrison, 1883).
- ↑ 5.0 5.1 [http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/ENGLISHNOBILITYMEDIEVAL3.htm#RosamondCliffordMistHenryII ROSAMOND (-[1174/76], bur Godstow nunnery)<nowiki>], in [[Source:Cawley, Charles. Medieval Lands|Cawley, Charles. <i>Medieval Lands</i>: <i>A prosopography of medieval European noble and royal families</i>]]. </li></ol>