m. BET 1735 AND 1738
Facts and Events
Robert Patterson was one of the Early Settlers of Augusta County, Virginia
Roberts father, William (75), the Irish Patriarch, had married his wife Margaret in Ireland; He died about 1710, and she remarried to a Samuel Adams, by whom she had other children including a Samuel Adams Jr. Adams also died early. At some point the combined families moved to Sussex Delaware, though it is unclear whether this was before or after Samuel's death. Robert Patterson (51) is believed to have initially settled in Sussex County Delaware sometime before 1734, but moved to what is now Augusta County, VA before 1738.  Based on the DOB's of his children (most of which are known only approximately) He probably married about 1740. HE did not remain long in Old Augusta, as by .... he is said to have aquired land on Bullocks Creek in what was then Craven County South Carolina. It is there that he apparently raised his family, though there seems to be some confusion in the family records on this score.
Acquisition of Land in Sussex County, Delaware:
Disposition of Land in Sussex County, Delaware:
Acquisition of Land in Augusta County
Acquisition of Land on Bullock's Creek, SC
(Source: website of Wes Patterson: http://wespatterson.com/patt/robert-r.1775will.asp)
From Chalkley's and website of Wes Patterson
Source: website of Wes Patterson: http://www.wespatterson.com
Robert Patterson had been living on property near Linville Creek (LC) for a short time, perhaps a few years. His mother had acquired a land patent in Orange Co., VA under the name of “Mary Adams”. This deserves an explanation.
Robert’s mother was named Margaret Donnell4,5 according to most genealogy records this writer has seen. However, some official document stating such, would go a long way to proving that her maiden name was, in fact, Donnell. Perhaps her first or middle name was Mary, as well.
Margaret first married William Patterson, and by him gave birth to Robert Patterson. There appears to have been two more daughters born to this marriage. One of the daughters' name is unknown. It is assumed that this unknown daughter was the mother of Margaret Dollinson, a grand daughter of Margaret Adams named in the 1744 will. The second daughter (order of birth is unclear) was Elizabeth. This writer believes there is sufficient evidence to indicate that these three children were all Pattersons. The three children of William and Margaret would have been born most likely between 1710 and 1715, although possibly a little earlier.
There seems to be a gap between the birth years of these three children, and the two younger children born to Margaret by her second husband John Adams. William Patterson must have died between 1715 and 1720, with his widow Margaret marrying Mr. Adams soon thereafter. John and Margaret Adams appear to have had two children, Jane and Samuel, in the early 1720's before John Adams also died. Margaret Adams (Addams) was in Sussex Co DE by 1727, and nothing is known of her husband John Adams as of that date, so it is presumed he was dead by then.
In 1744 Margaret Adams wrote her Will in which she named four children (Robert Patterson, Jane Love, Elizabeth, and Samuel Adams) and three grandchildren (Mary Patterson - daughter of Robert Patterson, Margaret Dollinson, and Esther Harrison). Margaret’s Will was not probated until March 15, 1770. Two months later, in May of 1770, Margaret’s grandson Samuel Adams, Jr. (who was living in NC at the time) gave power of attorney to his 1st cousin’s husband Joseph Dictum (husband of Rachel Love) regarding the legacy that he inherited from his father, Samuel Adams (who had died in Augusta Co., VA in 1748).
Page 315.--15th May, 1770. Samuel Adams, of North Carolina, to Joseph Dictum, power of attorney to convey 340 acres on Linvel's Creek, devised by Margaret Adams and from him descended to Samuel as eldest son and heir, having been patented in the name of Mary Adams. Title yet to be made to Samuel.
This record indicates that Margaret’s original land patent in the former Orange Co., VA was under the name of Mary Adams. This might also explain why her son Robert Patterson named his first daughter Mary Patterson. The land indicated above was the said land on LC. Linville Creek is the key to identifying Robert (A) Patterson from the rest of the Robert Pattersons of Augusta Co., VA during the 1740’s through the 1760’s.
There were other records that identify Robert Patterson, son of Margaret Donnell Patterson Adams with the LC area of Augusta Co., VA.
William Wright vs. Thomas Linville.--Writ 11th March, 1745. Thomas Linville told Robert Patterson that he had paid to William Wright a certain sum of money which was due to said Wright's father. Order by William Wright's, 10th December, 1744, to Robert Patterson to collect the account.
Thomas Linville lived in that area of Augusta that later became Rockingham Co. Specifically, Linville Creek was named after him. This writer suggests that the Robert Patterson mentioned in this item was Robert (A) because of the location of the other individuals. Thomas Linville left the area in the latter 1740’s to move to Rowan Co., NC. There were other individuals from this area who followed suit, such as members of the Samuel and Lydia Stewart family. Samuel Harrison did so as well, but later returned to Augusta Co., VA. Samuel Harrison’s older brother, Isaiah Harrison, Jr. is also known to have left the colony of VA for NC by the end of the 1740’s.6
These Harrisons, plus the families of Samuel and Lydia Stewart, the Cravens family, and many of the Blacks of Augusta Co., VA lived in this LC area or close by. Just to the east of LC is the town of Harrisonburg, named after Thomas Harrison, brother of Isaiah Harrison, Jr. In that town is a creek called Black’s Run, named after the Black families who lived in that area, such as Mathew and Mary Black, and their son Robert Black and his wife Madge (Maggie) Cravens. There is also another Black’s Run (possibly the beginning of the same creek) that is west of the town of Harrisonburg, and its waters actually flow into the same waters as Patterson Creek before they both eventually flow into Linville Creek.
Many of these same Cravens, Harrisons, and Blacks moved to Craven Co., SC in the 1760’s. During that time, parts of Craven Co., SC was also known as Mecklenburg Co., NC and then later Tryon Co., NC. By the 1770’s it was settled that it was York Co., SC. This writer mentions these facts because many of the LC families are documented to have moved to one of the above Carolina locations or the other, but in each case they were going to the exact same location – Clark’s Fork of Bullocks Creek which is in modern day York Co., SC.
On July 21, 1775 Robert Patterson wrote his Will in what he called “Craven Co., SC”. That was the name of the county for that area when it was previously SC in the 1750’s. The probate that took place on this Will was 11-03-1775, so it’s a safe assumption that Robert died between July and November that year. The final probate did not take place until February of 1791. The reason for this is that Robert’s widow, Sarah Patterson did not die until mid to late 1790. After her death and the final distribution of Robert’s estate had taken place, the final probate of his Will was entered into the court record on 2-4-1791.
Many researchers, including this writer, made the mistake for years in thinking that Robert died in 1790 or ’91. It wasn’t until 2001 that researchers began to uncover the truth. Harald Reksten’s trip to the SC Archives in July 2002 revealed many more “hidden facts” about this Will and this entire family, such as the identity of the “Joseph” in the body of the Will. Reksten correctly revealed his identity as Joseph Black instead of Joseph Patterson. There were many faint signatures in various locations of the Will and its jacket, stemming from the multiple probations of the Will. These signatures helped reveal the clear identity of Joseph Black, John Black, and Daniel Ponder, all three having being sons-in-law of Robert and Sarah Patterson.
Robert "R" Patterson was still in Augusta Co., on 10 Dec 1744, when in a lawsuit by William Wright vs. Thomas Linville. -- Writ 11th March, 1745, Thomas Linville told Robert Patterson that he had paid to William Wright a certain sum of money which was due to said Wright's father. Order by William Wright's, 10th December, 1744, to Robert Patterson to collect the account. Robert settled bet 1746-1749 on Clark's Fork of Bullocks Creek in the part of Mecklenberg Co., NC, which subsequently became Tryon Co., NC; Lincoln Co., NC; Craven Co., SC; and ~ when the line between Northa and South Carolina was finally fixed ~ York Co., SC. So did other families from Linville Creek, Augusta Co., VA: Samuel Harrison, Isaiah Harrison Jr., Samuel and Lydia Stewart, the Cravens family, and many of the Black family. On 9 Nov 1764 in Mecklenberg Co., NC, Robert's land bordered a NC grant to Archibald Houston for 500 acres in on the N. fork of Crowders Creek, joining ROBERT PATTERSON and the creek (No. 7340, Patent Book 17, p. 91, in Colony of North Carolina 1735-1764: Abstracts of Land Patents, Vol. One, by Margaret H. Hofman, Weldon, NC: The Roanoke News Co., 1982). The border between North and South Carolina changed a few lines before it was finally fixed. In the Preface and Appendix of the volume of North Carolina Land Grants in South Carolina: Anson and Mecklenberg Counties, we find:
Pursuant to the survey of 1772, grants of Tryon Co., NC, lands fell into SC. ROBT PATTERSON, ROBT PATTERSON junior, PETER PATTERSON, JAMES PATTERSON, and JAMES PATTERSON were among petitioners to the King in order not to lose their lands. Tryon was formed 1768 from Mecklenburg Co. but did not take effect until Apr 1769; was bound on the north by Rowan Co., on the east by the Catawba River, on the west by the Indian boundary of 1767, and its southern border was left open but included the present South Carolina counties of Greenville, Laurens, Spartanburg, Cherokee, Union, York, and Chester, until the North and South Carolina border was extended on 4 Jun 1772. Both North and South Carolina had been granting lands in this area since 1752.
ROBERT PATTERSON, Jr., and PETER PATTERSON, who signed the above petition, were sons of ROBERT "R" PATTERSON, named in his will. The identity of JAMES PATTERSON who signed this petition is unknown, but his continued proximity to ROBERT "R" suggests he was a close relative ~ possibly a half-brother or nephew, if ROBERT's father WILLIAM had children by a hypothetical first wife? since we know MARGARET, the mother ROBERT "R" had no other Pattersons, only a son SAMUEL ADAMS. ROBERT PATTERSON, Jr., and JAMES PATTERSON were later in Rutherford Co., NC, as was SAMUEL PATTERSON probably our ancestor who went to Sevier Co., TN. ROBERT PATTERSON's will dated 1 Jul 1775 in Craven Co., SC, was copied and transcribed by Harald Reksten in the South Carolina Archives as follows, naming his wife SARAH and children ROBERT, PETER, WILLIAM, THOMAS, SARAH, ELISABETH, LYDIA; son-in-law JOSEPH BLACK; and THOMAS's son JOHN:
In the name of God Amen the Twenty First day of July 1775 ~ I ROBERT PATTERSON of Craven County farmer being very sick and weake in body but of perfect mind and memory thanks be unto God, therefore calling to mind the mortality of my body and knowing that it is appointed for all men once to die, do maeke and ordain this my last will and testament, that is to say Principally and first of all I give and recommend my Soul into the hands of almighty God that gave it and my body I recommend to the earth to be buried in decent Christian burial at the discretion of my Executors nothing doubting but at the General Resurrection I shal receive the same again by the mighty power of God: and as touching such worldly estate wherewith it hath pleased God to bless me in this life I give demise and dispose of the same in the following manner and form. And first of all I constituet make and ordain my beloved wife SARAH and my beloved sons ROBERT and PETER to be my whole and sole Executors of this my last Will and testament all and singular my lands messuages and tenements whith all household goods dets and moveable affects by them to be executed according to law and for them said Executors to take care and see that all and every one of my beloved family shall have there full share as I shall appoint. Imprimise I give and bequeath to SARAH my dearly beloved wife her full thirds of all my moveable affects and the homestead place till my son WILLIAM comes of age and half afterwards while she lives and her hors and saddle. Item I give and bequeath unto my son THOMAS fifty pounds lawfull mony of South Carolina to be leveed out of my estate and all my cloathes except my fir hat and one gray three year old mare and colt to his son JOHN. I likewise give and bequeath unto my daughter SARAH one cow and calf, and what is between JOSEPH [Black] and me. I likewise give unto my son WILLIAM the homestead place after his mother's decease all only from where the line crosses the road that goes to PETER's old place and straight & cors to the old saw pit below the muddy branch and straight on to the outside line and from that said line down to PETER. I likewise give and bequeath unto my sons PETER and ROBERT each of them an equal part of my land and clams in the province of Virginia. I likewise give and bequeath unto my children all and every one of them is now single with my daughter's ELISEBETH and LYDIA each of them an equal part of the remainder of my movable affects by all and every one of them freely to be possesed and enjoyed: and I do hereby utterly disallow revoke and disannul all and every other formal testaments wills legacies and bequeaths and Executors by me in any wise before named willed and bequeathed ratifying and confirming this and no other to be my last will and testament in witness whereof I have hereunto set my hand and seal the day and year above written. Signed sealed published pronounced and declared by the said ROBERT PATTERSON as his last will and testament. ROBERT (R) PATTERSON In the presence of us the Subscribers NATHANIEL HARRISON, JAMES DICKIE Recorded 11-03-1775, but the final settlement was recorded 4 Feb 1791, after death of the widow Sarah in mid-to-late 1790 and distribution among the heirs.
The widow Sarah had died before the estate was settled and distributed on 4 Feb 1791. Robert and his sons and sons-in-law had numerous land transactions on Clark's Fork of Bullocks Creek. Surely kin but not named in Robert's will was James Patterson, possibly a son who'd already received an inheritance? James was a chain bearer when a plat for 150 acres was surveyed for Robert CRAVANS, a neighbor from Augusta Co., VA, on Clark's fork of Bullocks Creek, adjoining Robert Patterson's line … Zach Bullock, Sur.; James Petterson, Newberry Stockton, CB, issued 26 Oct 1767. Remember, James was listed with Robert among Pattersons whose North Carolina land grants fell in South Carolina. For a report on THOMAS's son JOHN PATTERSON, who md. Elizabeth Black, see Wes Patterson's page on the family in Buncumbe Co., NC: http://wespatterson.com/patt/buncombe.html. James may have predeceased Robert, but a few months before the above will was written, James bought this 1767 survey from Robert and Esther Harrison Cravens; recorded in Charleston, SC, in Book O-005-072 on 23 Feb 1774: Robert Cravens of Augusta Co., Virginia, to James Patterson of Tryon Co., North Carolina, for 90 pounds Virginia currency, 150 acres in Tryon County on both sides of Clarks Fork of Bullocks Creek, adjacent to Robert Patterson." Signed: Robert Cravens and wife Esther Cravens. Witnesses: Robert Patterson, James Dictum, John Quin. Proved: 4 June 1774 by Robert Patterson Recorded: 15 March 1785