Person:Richard III (1)

Richard III , King of England
d.22 August 1485 Leicestershire, England
Facts and Events
Name[5] Richard III , King of England
Gender Male
Birth[1][3] 2 October 1452 Fotheringhay Castle,, Northamptonshire, England
Marriage 12 Jul 1472 Westminster Abbey, Westminster, Middlesex, Englandto Anne Neville
Death[1][3][6] 22 August 1485 Leicestershire, England Combatant of Bosworth Field
Ancestral File Number 8TJ1-SW
Other[1] House of York
Burial[1][3] Greyfriars, Leicester, Leicestershire, EnglandLeicester Cathedral

the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Richard III (2 October 1452 – 22 August 1485) was King of England from 1483 until his death in 1485 in the Battle of Bosworth Field. He was the last king of the House of York and the last of the Plantagenet dynasty. His defeat at Bosworth Field, the last decisive battle of the Wars of the Roses, marks the end of the Middle Ages in England. He is the subject of the fictional historical play Richard III by William Shakespeare.

When his brother King Edward IV died in April 1483, Richard was named Lord Protector of the realm for Edward's son and successor, the 12-year-old Edward V. As the young King travelled to London from Ludlow, Richard met and escorted him to lodgings in the Tower of London where Edward V's brother Richard joined him shortly afterwards. Arrangements were made for Edward's coronation on 22 June 1483, but before the young king could be crowned, his father's marriage to his mother Elizabeth Woodville was declared invalid, making their children illegitimate and ineligible for the throne. On 25 June, an assembly of lords and commoners endorsed the claims. The following day, Richard III began his reign, and he was crowned on 6 July 1483. The young princes were not seen in public after August, and accusations circulated that the boys had been murdered on Richard's orders, giving rise to the legend of the Princes in the Tower.

There were two major rebellions against Richard. The first, in October 1483, was led by staunch allies of Edward IV and also by Richard's former ally, Henry Stafford, 2nd Duke of Buckingham; the revolt collapsed. In August 1485, another rebellion against Richard was led by Henry Tudor and his uncle, Jasper Tudor. Henry Tudor landed in southern Wales with a small contingent of French troops, and then marched through his birthplace, Pembrokeshire, recruiting more soldiers. Henry's force engaged Richard's army and defeated it at the Battle of Bosworth Field in Leicestershire. Richard was struck down in this conflict, making him the last English king to die in battle on home soil, and the first to do so since Harold II was killed at the Battle of Hastings in 1066.

Richard III's remains were buried without pomp. The original tomb is believed to have been destroyed during the Reformation, and the remains were lost for more than five centuries. In 2012, an archaeological excavation was conducted on a city council car park using ground-penetrating radar on the site once occupied by Greyfriars, Leicester. The University of Leicester confirmed on 4 February 2013 that the evidence pointed to a skeleton found in the excavation being that of Richard III.[1] This conclusion was based on a combination of the results of radiocarbon dating, a comparison with contemporary reports of his appearance, and a comparison of his mitochondrial DNA with that of two matrilineal descendants of Richard III's eldest sister, Anne of York.

This page uses content from the English Wikipedia. The original content was at Richard III of England. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with WeRelate, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.


King Richard III Body Found

Richard III Body Debunks Image

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 Richard III of England, in Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia.
  2.   Richard III Plantagenet, King of England, in Lundy, Darryl. The Peerage: A genealogical survey of the peerage of Britain as well as the royal families of Europe.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 King Richard, III, in FindAGrave: Leicester Cathedral, Leicester, Leicester Unitary Authority, Leicestershire, England, Memorial# 2614, Jan 01, 2001, Secondary quality.

    Birth: Oct. 2, 1452, Fotheringhay, East Northamptonshire Borough, Northamptonshire, England
    Death: Aug. 22, 1485, Market Bosworth, Hinckley and Bosworth Borough, Leicestershire, England
    Burial: Leicester Cathedral, Leicester, Leicester Unitary Authority, Leicestershire, England

  4.   RICHARD (Fotheringay Castle 2 Oct 1452-killed in battle Bosworth Field, Leicestershire 22 Aug 1485, bur Greyfriars Abbey, Leicester)., in Cawley, Charles. Medieval Lands: A prosopography of medieval European noble and royal families.
  5. Richard III, in BBC News: Richard III's DNA throws up infidelity surprise, by Paul Rincon, 2 December 2014, Questionable quality.

    Extract: "Analysis of DNA from Richard III has thrown up a surprise: evidence of infidelity in his family tree. Scientists who studied genetic material from remains found in a Leicester car park say the finding might have profound historical implications. Depending on where in the family tree it occurred, it could cast doubt on the Tudor claim to the English throne or, indeed, on Richard's. The study is published in the journal Nature Communications. But it remains unknown when the break, or breaks, in the family lineage occurred. In 2012, scientists extracted genetic material from the remains discovered on the former site of Greyfriars Abbey, where Richard was interred after his death in the Battle of Bosworth in 1485. Their analysis shows that DNA passed down on the maternal side matches that of living relatives, but genetic information passed down on the male side does not."

  6. King Richard III, in BBC News: King Richard III killed by blows to skull, 17 September 2014, Questionable quality.

    Extract: "King Richard III was probably killed by two blows to the head during a "sustained attack", according to new scientific research. The English king was killed at the Battle of Bosworth on 22 August, 1485. Forensic teams at the University of Leicester have now revealed he suffered at least 11 injuries, some possibly inflicted after death."