Richard FitzGilbert de Clare, 1st Earl de Clare
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Richard fitz Gilbert (bef. 1035 – c.1090), was a Norman lord who participated in the Norman conquest of England in 1066, and was styled "de Bienfaite", "de Clare", and of Tonbridge " from his holdings.
- ↑ 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 Cokayne, George Edward, and Vicary Gibbs; et al. The complete peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom, extant, extinct, or dormant [2nd ed.]. (London: St. Catherine Press, 1910-59), Volume 3 page 242.
Observations.—In the times of the Heptarchy the border fortress of Clare (Suffolk), on the confines of the Kingdoms of East Anglia and Essex, was of the greatest importance, and continued to be so for many centuries afterwards, when it was granted by the Conqueror to Richard FitzGilbert. FitzGilbert's successors the earlier Lords of Clare were, “it is implied in the Lords' Reports [vol. iii, p. 124] and elsewhere, styled Earls of Clare before they were Earls of Hertford, but investigation disproves this,” though doubtless, these Lords, after they obtained that Earldom, were, according to the usage of the period, frequently styled “Earls of Clare,” just as the Earls of Derby were styled “Earls Ferrers,” &c. On account of the great importance of these feudal Barons, the earlier Lords of Clare, so frequently considered to have been actual Peers, a short account of them is subjoined, as under.
Richard FitzGilbert, styled (from his possessions) “de Bienfaite,” “de Clare,” and “de Tonbridge,” was son of Gilbert, Count of Brionne in Normandy, which Gilbert was son and heir of Godfrey, Count of Brionne, illegitimate son of Richard, Duke of Normandy. He was born before 1035, was Lord of Bienfaite and Orbec in Normandy, accompanied his kinsman, William the Conqueror, into England, and was rewarded by him with no less than 176 Lordships, of which 95 were in Suffolk, attached to the Honour of Clare, which honour, with the Castle of Clare, as also the Castle of Tonbridge in Kent, he obtained, becoming thus Lord of Clare and of Tonbridge. During the King's absence he was joint Chief Justiciar, and, as such, suppressed the revolt of 1075.
He married Rohese, daughter of Walter Giffard, the elder, and aunt and heir of Walter [Giffard], 2nd Earl of Buckingham, through which match his descendants became co-heirs to the lands of that family. He was living 1081, but appears to have died about 1090, being buried at St. Neots, co. Huntingdon. His widow was living, as such, 1113.
[Complete Peerage III:242, XIV:183, (transcribed by Dave Utzinger)]
- ↑ 2.0 2.1 Altschul, Michael. A baronial family in medieval England: the Clares, 1217-1314. (Baltimore [Maryland]: John Hopkins Press, 1965), Table I, p.17.
- ↑ Burke, Bernard (John Bernard). A Genealogical and Heraldic Dictionary of the Peerage and Baronetage of the British Empire. (London, London, England|City of London, Greater London, England: Harrison, 1865), 1069.
- ↑ 4.0 4.1 Turton, W. H. (William Harry). The Plantagenet ancestry: being tables showing over 7,000 of the ancestors of Elizabeth (daughter of Edward IV, and wife of Henry VII) the heiress of the Plantagenets; with preface, lists, notes and a complete index of about 2,700 entries and a reference for each. (Baltimore [Maryland]: Genealogical Pub. Co., 1968), 94.
- ↑ Weis, Frederick Lewis; William R. Beall; and Walter Lee Sheppard. The Magna Charta Sureties, 1215: the barons named in the Magna Charta, 1215, and some of their descendants who settled in America during the early colonial years. (Baltimore [Maryland]: Genealogical Pub. Co., c1999), line 153, 157.
- ↑ Weis, Frederick Lewis; Walter Lee Sheppard; and David Faris. Ancestral roots of certain American colonists, who came to America before 1700: the lineage of Alfred the Great, Charlemagne, Malcolm of Scotland, Robert the Strong, and some of their descendants. (Baltimore, Maryland: Genealogical Pub. Co., 7th Edition c1992), 184-2.
- ↑ Round, John Horace. Feudal England : historical studies on the 11th and 12th centuries, p. 471, 474, 523.
- Richard Fitz Gilbert, in Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia. (Online: Wikimedia Foundation, Inc.).
- Richard FitzGilbert, in Lundy, Darryl. The Peerage: A genealogical survey of the peerage of Britain as well as the royal families of Europe.
- RICHARD de Brionne, son of GILBERT de Brionne "Crespin" Comte d'Eu & his wife --- (before 1035-[Apr] , bur St Neots, Huntingdonshire)., in Cawley, Charles. Medieval Lands: A prosopography of medieval European noble and royal families.