Person:Prince William, Duke of Gloucester (1)

Prince William , Duke of Gloucester
b.24 Jul 1689
d.29 Jul 1700
m. 28 July 1683
  1. Prince William , Duke of Gloucester1689 - 1700
Facts and Events
Name Prince William , Duke of Gloucester
Gender Male
Birth[1] 24 Jul 1689
Death[1] 29 Jul 1700

the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Prince William, Duke of Gloucester (24 July 1689 – 30 July 1700), was the son of Princess Anne, later Queen of Great Britain from 1702, and her husband, Prince George of Denmark and Norway. He was their only child to survive infancy. Styled Duke of Gloucester, he was viewed by contemporaries as a Protestant champion because his birth seemed to cement the Protestant succession established in the "Glorious Revolution" that had deposed his Catholic grandfather James II the previous year.

Gloucester's mother was estranged from her brother-in-law and cousin, William III, and her sister, Mary II, but supported links between them and her son. He grew close to his uncle William, who created him a Knight of the Garter, and his aunt Mary, who frequently sent him presents. At his nursery in Campden House, Kensington, he befriended his Welsh body-servant, Jenkin Lewis, whose memoir of the Duke is an important source for historians, and operated his own miniature army, called the "Horse Guards", which eventually comprised 90 boys.

Gloucester's precarious health was a constant source of worry to his mother. His death, in 1700 at the age of eleven, precipitated a succession crisis as his mother was the only individual remaining in the Protestant line of succession established by the Bill of Rights 1689. The English Parliament did not want the throne to revert to a Catholic, and so passed the Act of Settlement 1701, which settled the throne of England on Electress Sophia of Hanover, a cousin of King James, and her Protestant heirs.

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  1. 1.0 1.1 Prince William, Duke of Gloucester, in Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia. (Online: Wikimedia Foundation, Inc.).