Person:Pompey (1)

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Pompey
b.29 Sep 0106 BC
d.29 Sep 0048 BC
Facts and Events
Name Pompey
Alt Name Gnaeus Pompey
Gender Male
Birth[1] 29 Sep 0106 BC
Death[1] 29 Sep 0048 BC

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Gnaeus Pompeius Magnus (official nomenclature CN·POMPEIVS·CN·F·SEX·N·MAGNVS; 29 September 106 BC – 28 September 48 BC), usually known in English as Pompey or Pompey the Great, was a military and political leader of the late Roman Republic. He came from a wealthy Italian provincial background, and his father had been the first to establish the family among the Roman nobility. Pompey's immense success as a general while still very young enabled him to advance directly to his first consulship without meeting the normal requirements for office. Military success in Sulla's Second Civil War led him to adopt the nickname Magnus, "the Great". He was consul three times, and celebrated three triumphs.

In the mid-60 BC, Pompey joined Marcus Licinius Crassus and Gaius Julius Caesar in the unofficial military-political alliance known as the First Triumvirate, which Pompey's marriage to Caesar's daughter Julia helped secure. After the deaths of Julia and Crassus, Pompey sided with the optimates, the conservative faction of the Roman Senate. Pompey and Caesar then contended for the leadership of the Roman state, leading to a civil war. When Pompey was defeated at the Battle of Pharsalus, he sought refuge in Egypt, where he was assassinated. His career and defeat are significant in Rome's subsequent transformation from Republic to Principate and Empire.

This page uses content from the English Wikipedia. The original content was at Pompey. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with WeRelate, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.
References
  1. 1.0 1.1 Pompey, in Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia. (Online: Wikimedia Foundation, Inc.).