Person:Otto I, Holy Roman Emperor (1)

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Otto I "The Great" , von Sachsen, Holy Roman Emperor
b.23 May 0912 Sachsen, Germany
d.7 May 973 Memleben
Facts and Events
Name Otto I "The Great" , von Sachsen, Holy Roman Emperor
Gender Male
Birth? 23 May 0912 Sachsen, GermanyHouse of Liudolfings
Alt Birth[3] 23 Nov 0912 Sachsen, Germany
Ancestral File Number 8HR7-TX
Marriage Sep 929 to Eadgyth
Marriage Oct or Nov 951 Paviato Adelheid , Princess of Burgundy
Death[3] 7 May 973 Memleben
Burial[3] Cathedral of Magdeburg, Magdeburg, Sachsen-Anhalt, Germany


the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Otto I (23 November 912 – 7 May 973), also known as Otto the Great, was the founder of the Holy Roman Empire, reigning as German king from 936 until his death in 973. The oldest son of Henry I the Fowler and Matilda of Ringelheim, Otto was "the first of the Germans to be called the emperor of Italy".

Otto inherited the Duchy of Saxony and the kingship of the Germans upon his father's death in 936. He continued his father's work to unify all German tribes into a single kingdom and greatly expanded the king's powers at the expense of the aristocracy. Through strategic marriages and personal appointments, Otto installed members of his own family to the kingdom's most important duchies. This reduced the various dukes, who had previously been co-equals with the king, into royal subjects under his authority. Otto transformed the Roman Catholic Church in Germany to strengthen the royal office and subjected its clergy to his personal control.

After putting down a brief civil war among the rebellious duchies, Otto defeated the Magyars in 955, thus ending the Hungarian invasions of Western Europe. The victory against the pagan Magyars earned Otto the reputation as a savior of Christendom and secured his hold over the kingdom. By 961, Otto had conquered the Kingdom of Italy and extended his realm's borders to the north, east, and south. In control of much of central and southern Europe, the patronage of Otto and his immediate successors caused a limited cultural renaissance of the arts and architecture. Following the example of Charlemagne's coronation as "Emperor of the Romans" in 800, Otto was crowned Emperor in 962 by Pope John XII in Rome.

Otto's later years were marked by conflicts with the Papacy and struggles to stabilize his rule over Italy. Reigning from Rome, Otto sought to improve relations with the Byzantine Empire, which opposed his claim to emperorship and his realm's further expansion to the south. To resolve this conflict, the Byzantine princess Theophanu married his son, Otto II, in April 972. Otto finally returned to Germany in August 972 and died of natural causes in 973. Otto II succeeded him as Emperor.

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References
  1.   Otto I, Holy Roman Emperor, in Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia. (Online: Wikimedia Foundation, Inc.).
  2.   Otto I von Sachsen, Holy Roman Emperor, in Lundy, Darryl. The Peerage: A genealogical survey of the peerage of Britain as well as the royal families of Europe.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 OTTO, son of HEINRICH I "der Vogelsteller/the Fowler" King of Germany & his second wife Mathilde --- (23 Nov 912-Memleben 7 May 973, bur Magdeburg Cathedral), in Cawley, Charles. Medieval Lands: A prosopography of medieval European noble and royal families.
  4.   Otto I the Great, in Baldwin, Stewart, and Todd Farmerie. The Henry Project (King Henry II ): Ancestors of King Henry II.