Person:Okowellos Cornstalk (1)

Chief Okowellos Paxinosa "Hard-Striker" Cornstalk
d.after 1754
m. abt 1679
  1. Chief Okowellos Paxinosa "Hard-Striker" Cornstalk1672 - after 1754
  • HChief Okowellos Paxinosa "Hard-Striker" Cornstalk1672 - after 1754
  • WKatee "Bird" Mekoche1682 - 1740
  1. Nonhelema "Kate" "Grenadier Squaw" Cornstalk1718 - 1786
  2. Chief Hokoleskwa CornstalkAbt 1720 - 1777
  3. Nimwha Okowellos1720 - 1780
  4. Holowas Silverheelsabt 1730 - abt 1804
Facts and Events
Name Chief Okowellos Paxinosa "Hard-Striker" Cornstalk
Alt Name[8][10] Wawwaythi Whitefish Okowellos “Ionoco” Sunfish
Unknown[2][3][11] Chief Okawela
Unknown[2][3] Chief Ocowellos
Alt Name Paxinosa
Gender Male
Birth[7][8][10] 1672 Ohio, United States
Other[3] 1717 Conestoga, Lancaster, Pennsylvania, United Statesat conference with Governor William Keith of Pennsylvania
Residence? before 1754 Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, USAhe was said to hold court here
Other[13] 1754 Gnadenhutten, Pennsylvania, United States"In 1754 he, with Tedyuskung, warned the people of Gnadenhuetten to remove to Wajomick (Wyoming), Pa.; but for this their lives would have been in danger. "
Other[6] 1754 "He was head chief of the Shawanese in 1754."
Death? after 1754 we know he held court in Winchester until 1754 (needs source)
Residence[4] July 1758 Ohio, United States"but late in July, 1758, set out for the Ohio region"
Alt Death[12] 1761

NOTE: I have ten different names for this one person (and 4 times that many spellings). I believe they may be at most two different people. I noticed that the Adkins line (Mary Blue Sky) lists as this person Whitefish Paxinosa and the other lines list him as Whitefish Okowellos Paxinosa. So I am sorting them out here right now. If you want to collaborate with me you should probably contact me first so we don't over-run each other. thanks --cthrnvl 14:53, 26 September 2012 (EDT)

The father of the historical Shawnee chief Cornstalk (Okowellos) had his court at Shawnee Springs (near today's Cross Junction, Virginia) until 1754. In 1753, on the eve of the French and Indian War (Seven Years War), messengers came to the Shawnee from tribes further west, inviting them to leave the Valley and cross the Alleghenies, which they did the following year.[5][6] The Shawnee settled for some years in the Ohio Country before being forced by the US government under Indian Removal in the 1830s to remove to Indian Territory. Winchester had a notable role as a frontier city in those early times. The Governor of Virginia, as well as the young military commander George Washington, met in the town with their Iroquois allies (called the "Half-Kings"), to coordinate maneuvers against the French and their Native American allies during the French and Indian War. Wikipedia article about Winchester, Virginia

References
  1.   Schutz, Noel, and Don Greene. Shawnee Heritage I: Shawnee Genealogy and Family History. (Lulu.com, 2008).
  2. 2.0 2.1 Walkinshaw, Lewis Clark. Annals of southwestern Pennsylvania. (Tucson, Arizona: W.C. Cox Co., 1974).

    "Chief Okawela , otherwise called Ocowellos, came westward from the former Shawnee town at Chillisquaqua..."

  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 Sipe, Chester Hale. The Indian chiefs of Pennsylvania. ([New York), 1927.

    "Ocowellos at conference which Governor William Keith of Pennsylvania held with the Shawnees, Conestogas, Conoy, and other Indians at Conestoga, in July, 1717, at which time and place he asked them to explain their connection with an attack made by the Senecas upon the Catawbas..."
    "The trader, Jonas Davenport, refers to this Indian town in an affidavit made before the Provincial Council on October 29, 1731, when he stated that "on Connemach Creek there are three Shawneese towns, forty-five families, two hundred men," and that their Chief is Okawela."

  4. Harvey, Oscar Jewell. A history of Wilkes-Barre, Luzerne County, Pennsylvania: from its first beginnings to the present time, including chapters of newly discovered early Wyoming Valley history, together with many biographical sketches and much genealogical material. (Wilkes-Barre: Reader Press, 1909-1930), 1909.

    38 mentions of Paxinosa in this book. "Paxinosa and his Shawanese did not return to the Valley, but late in July, 1758, set out for the Ohio region from Seekaughkunt, where, and in the vicinity of which, they had been living since the Spring of 1756, when they forsook Wyoming."

  5.   History of the mission of the United Brethren among the Indians in North America, 1794.

    "Paxnous, being only an ambassador in this business, was satisfied, and even formed a closer acquaintance with the Brethren. His wife, who heard the Gospel preached daily, was so overcome by its divine power, that she began to see her lost estate by nature, prayed and wept incessantly for the forgiveness of sins in the blood of Jesus and earnestly begged for baptism. Her husband, having lived thirty-eight years with her in marriage, to mutual satisfaction, willlngly gave his consent, prolonged his stay at Bethlehem, was present in the chapel, and deeply affected when his wife was baptized by Bishop Spangenberg, during a powerful sensation of the presence of God. The day following they returned home, Paxnous' wife declaring, that she felt as happy as a child new born. Frederic Post accompanied them to Wajomick, partly to look after the baptized, who lived dispersed on the Susquehannah, to partly to lodge those missionaries, who should visit them either from Gnadenhuetten or Bethlehem."

  6. The book of the Indians of North America, 1833.

    by Samuel Gardner Drake "Paxnous was head chief of the Shawanese in 1754."

  7. Colonial records of Pennsylvania, 1852.

    edited by Samuel Hazard "Benjamin asked Paxnous whither he was going with his Family. He answered, to his Land at the Ohio, where he was born, and told him many things he had heard against the English, in Favour of the French."

  8. 8.0 8.1 Ancestry Family Trees. (Online publication - Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com. Original data: Family Tree files submitted by Ancestry members.), Ancestry Family Trees.
  9.   MiscellaneaMarescalliana.org
  10. 10.0 10.1 Chief Cornstalk: Shawnee Lineage Metcalf Family Mews
  11. Conemaugh Old Town
    "Chief Okawela , otherwise called Ocowellos, came westward from the former Shawnee town at Chillisquaqua on the Susquehanna River, and the three towns over which he ruled are conjectured to be by some as Connemach, Black Legs and Keckenepaulin's."(unsourced but also found in Annals of southwestern Pennsylvania - see S1)
  12. The Family of Tecumseh & Tenskwatawa "Paxinosa was married to a Moravian convert named Elizabeth, and he died in 1761, seven years before Tecumseh was born."
  13. Shawnee Indian Chiefs and Leaders at Access Genealogy "Paxinos. A Minisink and subsequently a Shawnee chief of the 17th and 18th centuries. He appears first in history in 1680, when as sachem of the Minisink he sent 40 men to join the Mohawk in an expedition against the French, and 10 years later was sent by his tribe to confer with Gov. Dongan of New York in regard to engaging in the war against the same nation. About 1692 or 1694 a small body of Shawnee settled among the Munsee, of whom the Minisink formed a division, and possibly Paxinos may have been one of this party. He was married about 1717. As early at least as 1754 he is referred to as the "old chief" of the Shawnee (Loskiel, Miss. United Breth., pt. 2, 157-160, 1794), and is so designated in the New York Colonial Documents wherever referred to. Heckewelder (Ind. Nations, 88, 1876), confirmed by Brinton, also says he was the chief of the Shawnee."
    "His name is given in various forms, as Paxihos, Paxinosa, Paxnos, Paxnous, Paxowan, Paxsinos, etc. "