Nonhelema "Kate" "Grenadier Squaw" Cornstalk
Facts and Events
||Nonhelema "Kate" "Grenadier Squaw" Cornstalk
||West Virginia, United StatesGreenbrier River in present day West Virginia
||Circleville, Pickaway, Ohio, United Statesshe had her own small town near present day Circleville
||to Col. George "Taimenend" Morgan
||to Joshua "Chief Moluntha" Renick
||Coshocton, Ohio, USA
||Pittsburg, Pennsylvania, USAshe moved to a place near present day Pittsburg
||Ohio, USAshe petitioned the Commissioner of Indian Affairs for a grant of land on the Scioto River, her former home and where her mother was buried. It seems that this petition, which was referred to Congress, was never acted upon.
||Danville, Kentucky, United States she was captured by Kentucky militia in what is known as Logan's Raid  and held prisoner for one year
||Danville, Kentucky, United StatesDaniel Boone negotiated for her release
- the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia
Nonhelema (ca. 1720 – 1786) was a Shawnee chieftess during the 18th century and the sister of Cornstalk, with whom she migrated to Ohio and founded neighboring villages.
Nonhelema, known as a warrior, stood nearly six feet, six inches. Some called her "The Grenadier" or "The Grenadier Squaw", due to the large height of 18th-century grenadiers.
Nonhelema had three husbands. The first was a Shawnee man. The third was Shawnee Chief Moluntha.
Nonhelema was present at the Battle of Bushy Run in 1764. She and her brother, Cornstalk, supported peace with the infant United States. In Summer 1777, Nonhelema warned Americans that parts of the Shawnee nation had traveled to Fort Detroit to join the British. Following Cornstalk's 1777 murder at Fort Randolph, Nonhelema continued to support the Americans, warning both Fort Randolph and Fort Donnally of impending attacks. She dressed Philip Hammond and John Pryor as Indians so they could go the 160 miles to Fort Donnally to give warning. In retribution, her herds of cattle were destroyed. Nonhelema led her followers to the Coshocton area, near Lenape Chief White Eyes. In 1780, Nonhelema served as a guide and translator for Augustin de La Balme in his campaign to the Illinois country.
In 1785, Nonhelema petitioned Congress for a 1,000-acre grant in Ohio, as compensation for her services during the American Revolutionary War. Congress instead granted her a pension of daily rations, and an annual allotment of blankets and clothing.
Nonhelema and Moluntha were captured by General Benjamin Logan in 1786. Moluntha was killed by an American soldier, and Nonhelema was detained at Fort Pitt. While there, she helped compile a dictionary of Shawnee words. She was later released, but died in December 1786.
Nonhelema is the subject of Warrior Woman, a novel authored by James Alexander Thom.
Known as Kate, she was called the Grenadier Squaw by the British because of her height (said to be 6'6"). She was a messenger and translator for American colonists.
(After her brother Cornstalk was murdered) "she abandoned her people and moved to that place where she asked permission to live. She brought nearly fifty head of cattle, some horses, and other property. This gesture indicated her good faith and the Virginians accepted her as one of them." N1
For her service she requested 2,000 acre land grant which she did not receive. She was offered a blanket every year and rations if she could travel to an Ohio fort every year.
A novel based on her life has been published: Warrior Woman: The Exceptional Life Story of Nonhelema, Shawnee Indian Woman Chief by Dark Rain Thom and James Alexander Thom.
Association with White Eyes
After her brother Cornstalk's murder in 1777, she led her followers to the Coshocton area, near Lenape Chief White Eyes. S4
Marker is near Circleville, Ohio, in Pickaway County.
Inscription. Grenadier Squaw was chief of the largest Shawnee Indian village, located on the south bank of Scippo Creek, upon the Pickaway Plains in 1774. Born about 1720, Non-hel-e-ma, sister of Chief Cornstalk, was named “Grenadier Squaw” by white traders because of her imposing stature, regal bearing and unflinching courage. She spoke three languages, serving as peacemaker and interpreter between Indians and whites. Because of her friendship, she accepted Christianity. After the peace treaty in 1774, she was disowned by her people and became a homeless exile.
Erected by Pickaway County Bicentennial Women's Organizations.
- ↑ Boone: a biography.
- Women and war: a historical encyclopedia from antiquity to the present.
- Wabash 1791: St Clair's defeat.
"He (Major-General Richard Butler) and the famous Shawnee female chief Nonhelema, also known as the "Grenadier Squaw," had a son, Captain Butler (Tamanatha), who fought at the battle (St. Clair's Defeat) as a Shawnee warrior."
- The Unknown American Revolution: The Unruly Birth of Democracy and the Struggle to Create America.
"A small number of Cornstalk's followers (his sister included) and the Turtle Clan of the Delaware, led by George White Eyes, moved to Coshocton, on the Muskingum River. There they maintained allegiance to the Americans under the guardianship of Moravian missionaries."
- ↑ 5.0 5.1 5.2 The Grenadier Squaw
KNOW YOUR STATE, Greenbrier Independent, November 2,1962
By Phil Connelly, President Education Foundation, Incorporated
- ↑ Revolution and conquest: Politics, violence, and social change in the Ohio ... By John Robinson Harper, The University of Wisconsin - Madison
- My Baker-Harrison-Carroll Ancestors She was a guide and consort to George Morgan, as he tried to build trading colonies from the mountains to the Mississippi. She had borne him a son, Morgan. She also had a son by Alexander McKee, named him Thomas McKee, after his grandfather.
- I am beginning to enter numerous sources that have "Grenadier Squaw" married to Joshua Renick AKA Chief Maluntha. It doesn't quite add up yet because I think we have the correct birthdate - 1718 - and that would make her marriage with two children born when she was in her 50s unlikely. Perhaps her birthdate is wrong? I will continue to find sources to see if this works out. user:cthrnvl
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