m. ABT 1718
m. 13 MAR 1759
Facts and Events
Michael Carn (Kern) was one of the Early Settlers of Augusta County, Virginia
Advisory on Michael Carn
There are varying accounts of the parentage, wives and children's identities of Michael Carn (Kearn), and his brother George Carn of Augusta and Bedford County, Virginia. Some researchers have claimed that his father was a Nicholas Carn, but other researchers have dis-proved this story. Researchers are highly cautioned about using information found on the internet and should consult concrete sources before making conclusions regarding his family. The source listed below appears to be fairly well researched in its conclusions. Some claim that Michael married twice, but there are no records to substantiate this. In addition, some claim that Michael married an Elizabeth Persinger, but it appears that this may be confused with Michael's brother, George Carn, who married Elizabeth Persinger, daughter of Christopher Persinger. More research is necessary on this family.
Early Land Acquisition in Augusta County, VA
Acquisition of Land from Chalkley's:
Will of Michael Carn
As a codicil to the annexed will which I confirm I appoint my son Thoma s Kern to have the land in Adair County divided into three tracts accor ding to quantity and quality and that the same shall be distributed amo ngst my sons John Moses and Reuben by Lot drawn in the presence of my E xecutors, or either of them who may act on behalf of any absentee or of t he heirs of any of them who are deceased. - :Witness my hand and seal th is 29th October 1805
Records of Michael Carn in Augusta County, VA
From Chalkley's Augusta County Records:
Casper Faught, Owen Reed, Joseph Wait, Jacob Harmon, Jno. Stevenson, Jacob Nicholas, Peter Herman, James Beard, Cathrine Pence, Michael Cam, William Williams. 5th May, 1755--2d sale, to viz: Jacob Nicholas, Henry Dooley, David Nelson, Peter Miller, Conrad Kimsley, Catrine Shawp 3 books), Michael Cam, Francis Kirtley, Jno. Davison, Margaret Shawp, Jno. Davis, Charles Man, Joseph Cravens, Jno. Couch, Robt. Craig, Jacob Courtsious, Simon Powell, Geo. Cam, Henry Long, Evan Evans, Conrad Backfish, Patrick Wilson, Jno. Hetrick, Nicholas Brock, George, Robert, and widow Scott. By sundries received of the estate of the deceased Jacob Pence.
Information on Michael Carn
From Ancestry website of Ted Pack:
Michael was probably married once to "Elizabeth" (surname still unknown ). The Bedford County marriage record for his daughter Barbara (born ab t 1771) states that Elizabeth was her mother. This Michael Karnes never sold any land requiring a wife's signature, but he named Elizabeth as his wife in his will of 1803. Michael named 14 children in his will:
Sons: Adam, Abraham, Job, John, Michael (Jr.), Moses, Reuben, Thomas, a nd daughters: Mary, Barbara, Catherine, Elizabeth, Hannah, Susannah. Ad am was born in 1766 (date inscribed on his tombstone) and was evidently the oldest son who was named in Michael's will. Jacob & George Karnes of Low Moor, Virginia (twins born abt 1763) were not mentioned in Michael's will, but they relinquished any claim to their father's Estate in return for their land.
Michael bought part of that land in 1777, and there are various other r ecords which indicate a strong possibility that Jacob & George were act ually his eldest sons. Michael's oldest daughter was apparently Mary Magdalene Karnes (born abt 1761, married Henry Mayberry 2 Apr 1778), and h e evidently gave her the sum of 50 pounds when she moved to Hickman Cou nty, Tennessee.
Deeds and Grants show that Michael never owned any land in Monroe Count y, Virginia (Now WV). Between his will of 1803 and his death in 1807, Michael owned about 265 acres in Bedford County, 360 acres at Low Moor i n Botetourt County, 3000 acres in Kanawha County (now Mason County WV), a nd 645 acres in Adair County (now Russell County) Kentucky.
During the Revolutionary War, there are records to show that Michael may have served with the Bedford County Militia and that he was a patriot w ho provided supplies to American soldiers. He did not serve with Capt. Uriah Springer's contingent of Monongalia County soldiers.
Contrary to at least two often-told stories from numerous Karnes/Kerns f amily researchers, Michael's father has not yet been correctly identified:
1) He was not the Nicholas Kern who arrived on the Adventurer in 1727. That Nicholas is well documented in the book "History of Lehigh County, Pennsylvania", and he didn't have any sons named Michael. There was an o lder "Michael Kern" on the Captain's list of the 1727 voyage of the Adv enturer, but he didn't sign the "Oath" lists. Nothing else has been fou nd.
2) He was also not Abraham Kerns who arrived on the Britannia in 1731. A braham moved to Lancaster County, Pennsylvania (NE of Euphrata), and died intestate in 1773.
Matthew Shaup arrived with no family on the ship Pennsylvania Merchant n Philadelphia in 1732, and was in Augusta County, Virginia by 1747. Matthew became the father-in-law of Michael and George "Carn" between 173 2 and 1750. Since Matthew Shaup mentioned "bonds" in his will, a search is underway for Guardian bond records, primarily in Virginia. and Pennsylvania., but nothing has been found to date. Michael's mother has been called "Catherine", but no records have been found to prove that. She was alive on 4 Dec 1749, but had evidently died before 3 Nov 1750.
NOTE - A great deal of confusion has occurred because many researchers have not been able to determine that other adult men named "Michael Karnes" were living in western Virginia before the Revolutionary War. Sorting out their records is a very difficult task.
A second Michael Karnes (abt 1745-1814) was easily confused because he m oved through Augusta County (1772-1780), Botetourt County (1780-1794) and Bedford County (1794 - abt 1803). Then he moved to Knoxville, Tennessee, where he d ied in 1814. His wife was named "Catherine".
A third Michael Karnes (abt 1740-1833) lived in the part of Augusta County that later became Morgantown, in Monongalia County, West Virginia.
F. Landis Weaver examined the "three Michael" problem in detail in an essay. Here is an excerpt about our Michael, who Mr. Weaver identifies a s "Bedford" Michael, since he died in Bedford County.
A careful study of Virginia land records in old Augusta, old Botetourt, Bedford, and a few other counties has revealed that three different men named "Michael Karnes/Kerns" moved through old Augusta County, Virginia b efore the Revolutionary War. This discovery explains conflicts in various other records and stories that were mistakenly applied to just one m an. Signatures and records indicate that all three men were familiar wi th the German language. Some reports that they were Dutch or Scotch-Iri sh don't seem to be true. A few records seem to indicate that all three men probably migrated from Pennsylvania to Virginia. It seems that no on e has been able to find any records to support their speculations about t he identities of the parents of the three Michaels.
Michael bought 165 acres of land on the lower eastern slope of Peaks of Otter in Bedford County in 1760 (Bedford County Deed Book 1, page 340), a nd his brother, George, bought 400 acres of adjacent land in 1764 (Bedf ord County Deed Book 2, page 302). George died later that year. Various other records seem to indicate that Michael continued to reside in Bedfo rd County until his death in Jan-Feb 1807. Botetourt County Deed record s show "Michael Kern of Bedford County" bought 135 acres at Low Moor on 13 May 1777 (Botetourt Deed Book 2, page 261). This was almost certainly " Bedford" Michael, because no other adult "Michael Kern" was known to be living in Bedford County at that time. He also received two Land Grants (Virginia Grant book 17, page 442) & (Virginia Grant book 47, page 434), until he owned 360 acres at Low Moor. He also obtained about 3000 acres in present-day Mason County, West Virginia in 1786-87, on Treasury Warrant #8995. He probably purchased that Treasury Warrant.
Michael also purchased about 645 acres of land in Adair-Russell County, Kentucky before his death (Adair County Deed Book A, pages 205 & 459). Many of Michael's sons moved to Adair County after his death. "Bedford" Michael apparently had no Revolutionary War service with any Continental L ine unit. But his name appears on Anspaugh's list of Bedford County mil itia, and he filed a Public Service claim for providing supplies to the W ar effort. Michael's will of 1803 (Bedford County Will book 3, page 143 ) names his wife, Elizabeth, and 14 children. In early 1804, the 360 ac res of Low Moor land were deeded, instead of any inheritance, to twins J acob & George (named as sons of Michael in Botetourt Deed Book 8, page 4 12 & 420). This indicates that "Bedford" Michael had 16 children. He ne ver sold any land which required a wife's signature, so we can't tell if Elizabeth was always his wife. But the Bedford County marriage record s mention Elizabeth as the mother of Barbara (born abt 1768).