Facts and Events
Louis Antoine of France, Duke of Angoulême (6 August 1775 – 3 June 1844) was the eldest son of Charles X of France and, from 1824 to 1830, the last Dauphin of France. After his father's abdication in 1830, he enjoyed a reign of twenty minutes, and after his father's death in 1836 was the legitimist pretender as Louis XIX of France and Navarre.
A petit-fils de France at birth, he was initially known as Louis Antoine d'Artois. After his father's accession to the throne, he became fils de France, and his surname changed to de France, following the royal custom for princes with such rank.