Facts and Events
Cecil was the youngest son of James Gascoyne-Cecil, 2nd Marquess of Salisbury and was educated at Harrow and Sandhurst. He served with the Coldstream Guards in the Crimean War from 1855–56, rose to the rank of Lieutenant Colonel in 1861 and retired from the army in 1863. On 18 September 1860, he had married Lady Gertrude Scott (the fourth daughter of John Scott, 2nd Earl of Eldon) and they had three children: Evelyn, later 1st Baron Rockley (1865–1941), Algernon (1879–1953) and Blanche Louise (1872–1945).
In 1865 he published a book "Impressions of Life at home and abroad". Published by Hurst and Blackett of 13 Great Marlborough Street London. The book was of papers which originally appeared in the "St. James's Medley" Lord Cecil was concerned with the "Moral and material improvement of the vagabond population frequenting our large cities." The book describes midnight life in London as well as in New York. He also gives a comparison and description of prison discipline in French and English gaols. The book also describes a "Fortnight in Hati" and "A ride in Barbary".