Person:Lionel of Antwerp (1)

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Lionel of Antwerp, 1st Duke of Clarence
d.7 Oct 1368
Facts and Events
Name Lionel of Antwerp, 1st Duke of Clarence
Gender Male
Birth[1][4] 29 Nov 1338 Antwerp, Antwerpen, BelgiumHouse of Plantagenet
Marriage 9 Sep 1342 Tower of London, Middlesex, Englandto Elizabeth de Burgh, 4th Countess of Ulster
Marriage 28 May 1368 Milano, Milano, Lombardia, ItalySanta Maria Maggiore
to Violante Visconti
Death[1] 7 Oct 1368
Alt Death[4] 17 Oct 1368 Alba, Cuneo, Piemonte, Italy
Reference Number? 8XHQ-LV
Probate[3] 7 Jun 1369 Lambeth, Surrey, England
Alt Burial[3] Pavia, Pavia, Lombardia, Italy
Burial[4] Clare Priory, Clare, Suffolk, England

Earl of Ulster, he died very young at just 29

His name was Lionel Plantagenet (better known as Lionel of Antwerp, Duke of Clarence). He lived from November 29, 1338 - October 7, 1368. He was the second son of Edward III of England and Philippa of Hainault. He was called Lionel of antwerp because he was born at Antwerp, Belgium

Betrothed when a child to Elizabeth de Burgh, 4th Countess of Ulster (d. 1363), daughter and heiress of William Donn de Burgh, 3rd Earl of Ulster (d. 1332), he was married to her in 1352, but before this date he had entered into possession of her great Irish inheritance. He was called Earl of Ulster from 1347.

Having been named as his father's representative in England in 1345 and again in 1346, Lionel joined an expedition into France in 1355, but his chief energies were reserved for the affairs of Ireland.

Appointed governor of that country, he landed at Dublin in 1361, and in November of the following year was created Duke of Clarence, while his father made an abortive attempt to secure for him the crown of Scotland. His efforts to secure an effective authority over his Irish lands were only moderately successful; and after holding a parliament at Kilkenny, which passed the celebrated Statute of Kilkenny in 1367, he dropped the task in disgust and returned to England.

Lionel's wife died in Dublin in 1363, leaving behind a daughter, Philippa, whose descendants would one day claim the throne for the House of York. A second marriage was arranged for Lionel with Yolande or Violante (c. 1353 - November 1386), daughter of Galeazzo Visconti, lord of Pavia (d. 1378); the enormous dowry which Galeazzo promised with his daughter being exaggerated by the rumour of the time. Journeying to fetch his bride, Lionel was received in great state both in France and Italy, and was married to Violante at Milan on 28 May 1368. Some months were then spent in festivities, during which Lionel was taken ill at Alba, where he died. There was strong speculation at the time that he had been poisoned by his father-in-law although this has never been proven.

His only child, Philippa Plantagenet, married in 1368 Edmund Mortimer, 3rd Earl of March (1351-1381). They were grandparents to Anne Mortimer, great-grandparents to Richard Plantagenet, 3rd Duke of York and great-great-grandparents to Edward IV and Richard III.

Philippa and Edmund also had a daughter Elizabeth, who married Henry "Hotspur", Lord Percy. They were the ancestors of U.S. President George Washington.

The poet Geoffrey Chaucer was at one time a page in Lionel's household.

References
  1. 1.0 1.1 Lionel of Antwerp, 1st Duke of Clarence, in Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia. (Online: Wikimedia Foundation, Inc.).

    the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

    Lionel of Antwerp, 1st Duke of Clarence, jure uxoris 4th Earl of Ulster and 5th Baron of Connaught, KG (29 November 1338 – 7 October 1368) was the third son, but the second son to survive infancy, of Edward III of England and Philippa of Hainault. He was so called because he was born at Antwerp.

  2.   Cokayne, George Edward, and Vicary Gibbs; et al. The complete peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom, extant, extinct, or dormant [2nd ed.]. (London: St. Catherine Press, 1910-59), Volume 3 pages 257 and 258.
  3. 3.0 3.1 Nichols, John. A collection of all the wills, now known to be extant, of the kings and queens of England, princes and princessess of Wales, and every branch of the blood royal: from the reign of William the Conqueror to that of Henry the Seventh, exclusive, with explanatory notes and a glossary. (London: J. Nichols, 1780), pages 88 to 91.

    The will can be read here (in Latin).

  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 LIONEL "of Antwerp", in Cawley, Charles. Medieval Lands: A prosopography of medieval European noble and royal families.
Peerage of England
Title Created 1362
(First Creation)
1st Duke of Clarence
1362-1368
Title Extinct until 1412
Title Recreated
Thomas of Lancaster
1412-1421
Title Extinct until 1461
Peerage of Ireland
Richard Óg de Burgh, 2nd Earl of Ulster

1271-1326
his wife's grandfather

William Donn de Burgh, 3rd Earl of Ulster

1326-1333
his father-in-law

Earl of Ulster

(juxe uxoris with Elizabeth de Burgh, 4th Countess of Ulster)
1347-1368

Edmund Mortimer

(juxe uxoris with Philippa Plantagenet, 5th Countess)
1363-1381
his son-in-law with his daughter

Roger Mortimer,

1382-1398
his grandson