Person:Joseph II, Holy Roman Emperor (1)

     
Joseph II , Holy Roman Emperor
b.13 Mar 1741 Vienna, Wien, Austria
d.20 Feb 1790 Vienna, Wien, Austria
Facts and Events
Name Joseph II , Holy Roman Emperor
Alt Name Joseph II. Benedikt August Johann Anton Michael Adam
Gender Male
Birth[1][2] 13 Mar 1741 Vienna, Wien, Austria
Marriage 6 Oct 1760 Vienna, Wien, Austriato Princess Isabella Maria of Parma
Marriage 23 Jan 1765 Schönbrunn, Bayern, Germanyto Maria Josepha von Bayern
Death[1][2] 20 Feb 1790 Vienna, Wien, Austria
Other? House of Lorraine


the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Joseph II (Joseph Benedikt Anton Michael Adam; 13 March 1741 – 20 February 1790) was Holy Roman Emperor from 1765 to 1790 and ruler of the Habsburg lands from 1780 to 1790. He was the eldest son of Empress Maria Theresa and her husband, Francis I, and was the brother of Marie Antoinette. He was thus the first ruler in the Austrian dominions of the House of Lorraine, styled Habsburg-Lorraine (von Habsburg-Lothringen in German). Joseph was a proponent of enlightened absolutism; however, his commitment to modernizing reforms subsequently engendered significant opposition, which eventually culminated in an ultimate failure to fully implement his programmes. He has been ranked, with Catherine II of Russia and Frederick II of Prussia, as one of the three great Enlightenment monarchs. His policies are now known as Josephinism. He died with no sons and was succeeded by his younger brother, Leopold.

References
  1. 1.0 1.1 Joseph II, Holy Roman Emperor, in Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia. (Online: Wikimedia Foundation, Inc.).
  2. 2.0 2.1 Wurzbach, Constantin. Biographisches Lexikon des Kaiserthums Oesterreich: enthaltend die Lebenskizzen der denkwürdigen Personen, welche 1750 bis 1850 im Kaiserstaate und in Kronländer gelebt haben. (Wien: K.K. Hof- und Staatsdruckerei, 1856-1891), 6:296 f..
Succession of Holy Roman Emperors
Charles VII

1742-1745
his great uncle Joseph I's son-in-law

Francis I

1745-1765
his father

Holy Roman Emperor-Elect

1765-1790

Leopold II

1790-1792
his brother

Francis II

1792-1806
Leopold II's son

Succession of German Monarchs
Charles VII

1742-1745
his great uncle Joseph I's son-in-law

Francis I

1745-1765
his father

King of the Romans

1765-1790

Leopold II

1790-1792
his brother

Francis II

1792-1806
Leopold II's son

Succession of Bohemian Monarchs
Charles VII

1741-1743
anti-king to Maria Theresa
his great uncle Joseph I's son-in-law

Maria Theresa

1740-1780
his mother

King of Bohemia

1780-1790

Leopold II

1790-1792
his brother

Francis II

1792-1835
Leopold II's son


Succession of Hungarian Monarchs
Charles VI

1711-1740
his grandfather

Maria Theresa

1740-1780
his mother

King of Hungary

1780-1790

Leopold II

1790-1792
his brother

Francis II

1792-1835
Leopold II's son

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