m. 14 Dec 1676
Facts and Events
Joseph I (26 July 1678 – 17 April 1711) was Holy Roman Emperor from 1705 until his death in 1711. He was the eldest son of Emperor Leopold I from his third wife, Eleonor Magdalene of Neuburg. Joseph was crowned King of Hungary at the age of nine in 1687, and King in Germany at the age of eleven in 1690. He succeeded to the imperial throne and that of Bohemia when his father died.
Joseph continued the War of the Spanish Succession, begun by his father, against Louis XIV of France, in a fruitless attempt to make his younger brother Charles (later Charles VI, Holy Roman Emperor) King of Spain; in the process, however, owing to the victories won by his military commander, Prince Eugene of Savoy, he did succeed in establishing Austrian hegemony over Italy. Joseph also had to contend with a protracted revolt in Hungary, fomented by Louis XIV. Neither conflict was resolved until after his death.
His motto was Amore et Timore (Latin for "Through Love and Fear").
Joseph's only son died as an infant, and so during his father's reign, a decree was signed which gave precedence in succession to the daughters of Joseph (Leopold's eldest son) after Leopold's younger sons. Joseph was succeeded by his younger brother Charles VI, and Charles in turn issued a proclamation vesting succession rights in his own daughters instead. Joseph's daughter Maria Amalia, however, married Charles of Bavaria, who himself later became Holy Roman Emperor.