Person:Joseph I, Holy Roman Emperor (1)

     
Joseph I. , Kaiser des Heiligen Römischen Reiches
b.26 Jul 1678 Vienna, Wien, Austria
d.17 Apr 1711 Vienna, Wien, Austria
Facts and Events
Name Joseph I. , Kaiser des Heiligen Römischen Reiches
Gender Male
Birth[1][2][3] 26 Jul 1678 Vienna, Wien, Austria
Marriage 24 Feb 1699 Vienna, Wien, Austriato Amalia Wilhelmine von Braunschweig-Calenberg
Death[1][2][3] 17 Apr 1711 Vienna, Wien, Austria
Other? House of Habsburg
Burial[2] Vienna, Wien, Austria Kapuziner-Gruft


the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Joseph I (26 July 1678 – 17 April 1711) was Holy Roman Emperor from 1705 until his death in 1711. He was the eldest son of Emperor Leopold I from his third wife, Eleonor Magdalene of Neuburg. Joseph was crowned King of Hungary at the age of nine in 1687, and King in Germany at the age of eleven in 1690. He succeeded to the imperial throne and that of Bohemia when his father died.

Joseph continued the War of the Spanish Succession, begun by his father, against Louis XIV of France, in a fruitless attempt to make his younger brother Charles (later Charles VI, Holy Roman Emperor) King of Spain; in the process, however, owing to the victories won by his military commander, Prince Eugene of Savoy, he did succeed in establishing Austrian hegemony over Italy. Joseph also had to contend with a protracted revolt in Hungary, fomented by Louis XIV. Neither conflict was resolved until after his untimely death.

His motto was Amore et Timore (Latin for "Through Love and Fear").


Joseph's only son died as an infant, and so during his father's reign, a decree was signed which gave precedence in succession to the daughters of Joseph (Leopold's eldest son) after Leopold's younger sons. Joseph was succeeded by his younger brother Charles VI, and Charles in turn issued a proclamation vesting succession rights in his own daughters instead. Joseph's daughter Maria Amalia, however, married Charles of Bavaria, who himself later became Holy Roman Emperor.

References
  1. 1.0 1.1 Joseph I, Holy Roman Emperor, in Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia. (Online: Wikimedia Foundation, Inc.).
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 Braubach, Max,„Joseph I.“, in Neue Deutsche Biographie. (Berlin: Duncker und Humblot, c1953-), 10 (1974), S. 613-617.
  3. 3.0 3.1 6:292 f., in Wurzbach, Constantin. Biographisches Lexikon des Kaiserthums Oesterreich: enthaltend die Lebenskizzen der denkwürdigen Personen, welche 1750 bis 1850 im Kaiserstaate und in Kronländer gelebt haben. (Wien: K.K. Hof- und Staatsdruckerei, 1856-1891).
Succession of Holy Roman Emperors
Ferdinand III

1637-1657
his grandfather

Leopold I

1658-1705
his father

Holy Roman Emperor-Elect

1705-1711

Charles VI

1711-1740
his brother

Charles VII

1742-1745
his son-in-law

Succession of Hungarian Monarchs
Ferdinand IV

1647-1654
(Nominal during father's reign)
his uncle

Leopold I

1655-1705
his father

King of Royal Hungary

1687-1711

Charles III

1711-1740
his brother

Maria Theresa of Austria

1740-1780
his niece

Hungary was effectively split into three parts from 1563-1699: Royal Hungary in the north and west, Ottoman Hungary in the south, and the Principality of Transylvania in the east. They were united following the Great Turkish War under Leopold I in 1699.
Succession of Bohemian Monarchs
Ferdinand IV

1646-1654
(Nominal during father's reign)
his uncle

Leopold I

1657-1705
his father

King of Bohemia

1705-1711

Charles VI

1711-1740
his brother

Maria Theresa of Austria

1740-1741
his niece

Succession of German Monarchs
Ferdinand IV

1653-1654
his uncle

Leopold I

1658-1705
his father

King of the Romans

1690-1711

Charles VI

1711-1740
his brother

Charles VII

1742-1745
his son-in-law

This page uses content from the English Wikipedia. The original content was at Joseph I, Holy Roman Emperor. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with WeRelate, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.