Person:Jonathan Brewster (3)

Deacon Jonathan Brewster, Sr
m. by 1593
  1. Deacon Jonathan Brewster, Sr1593 - 1659
  2. Patience Brewsterabt 1600 - bef 1634
  3. Fear Brewsterabt 1605 - bef 1634
  4. Unknown BrewsterAbt 1609 - 1609
  5. Love Brewster1611 - bef 1650/1
  6. Wrestling Brewsterabt 1614 - bet 1627 and 1644
  • HDeacon Jonathan Brewster, Sr1593 - 1659
  • WLucretia Oldham1600/1 - 1678
m. 10 Apr 1624
  1. William Brewster1624/25 -
  2. Mary Brewster1627 - Aft 1697/98
  3. Jonathan Brewster1629 -
  4. Ruth Brewster1631 -
  5. Benjamin Brewster1633 - 1710
  6. Elizabeth Brewster1637 -
  7. Grace Brewster1639 - 1684
  8. Hannah Brewster1641 - 1687/88
Facts and Events
Name Deacon Jonathan Brewster, Sr
Gender Male
Birth[1][2] 12 Aug 1593 Scrooby, Nottinghamshire, England
Occupation? bef 1621 NetherlandsRibbonmaker
Emigration? Nov 1621 Plymouth aboard the Fortune
Marriage 10 Apr 1624 Plymouth, Plymouth, Massachusetts, United Statesto Lucretia Oldham
Residence? 1637 Duxbury, Plymouth, Massachusetts, United StatesFounder
Death? 7 Aug 1659 Norwich, New London, Connecticut, United States
Burial? Preston, New London, Connecticut, United StatesBrewster Cemetery, Brewster’s Neck

Jonathan’s name was recorded in the Leyden records several times. He became a Dutch citizen 30 June 1617. He was a witness to the reading and signing of the will of Thomas Brewer and his wife Anna Offley on 7 December 1617. He also was a witness to the betrothal banns of John Reynolds entered 28 July 1617 and to the betrothal banns of Edward Winslow entered 27 April 1618. Styled “Lintwercker” or ribbon maker, he lived in Pieterskerhof while in Holland.

Jonathan arrived at Cape Cod on the Fortune 9 November 1621, and Lucretia came over on the Anne with her brother, John Oldham, arriving about 10 July 1623. It was the murder of fiesty John Oldham that precipitated King Phillip's War. Jonathan was also one of the men who undertook to discharge the debts of Plymouth Colony. A freeman in 1633, he was active in the settlement of the town of Duxbury, incorporated 7 June 1637. Records indicate that he served as a surveyor, laid out highways, practiced as an attorney, and was styled a “gentleman.” Jonathan served as a military commissioner in the Pequot War in 1637, was on a committee to raise forces during the Narragansett Alarm of 1642, and was a member of Captain Myles Standish’s Duxbury Company in 1643. He served several terms as Deputy to the General Court of Plymouth Colony in 1639, and from 1641 through 1644.

Jonathan also, during the years 1635-1637, served as an agent of the Plymouth Trading Company and helped set up the community of Windsor.[4]

In 1638 Jonathan Brewster established a ferry service to transport passengers and cattle across the North River. In 1641, he sold this to Messrs. Barker, Howell and others. Then, as the master of a small trading vessel, he plied the coast from Plymouth to Virginia. This was evidently unprofitable, according to a letter written by Roger Williams to John Winthrop, Jr.:

“Sir, (although Mr. Brewster write me not a word of it) yet in private I am bold to tell you that I hear it hath pleased God greatly to afflict him in the thorne of his life: He was intended for Virginia, his creditors in the Bay came to Portsmouth and unhung his rudder, carried him to the bay, where he was forced to make over house, land, cattle, and part with all to his chest. Oh how sweet is a dry morsel and a handful, with quietness from earth & heaven.”

This statement about his misfortune appears to be verified by Plymouth Colony Deeds Vol 2:24 which notes that John Holland & Hopestill Foster of Dorchester, merchants, sold to William Paybody 80 acres of meadow granted to them by “Jonathan Brewster ye elder of Duxburrow by vertue of his writing and deed bearing date fifteenth day November Anno Domo 1648,” which involved all “his dwelling house, out house, Barnes, Stables, orchyrds, gardens, Land, Meddow & pastures.”

Removing to Connecticut, he settled on land granted him as follows:

“ April 1650, I, Unquas, Sachem of Mauhekon, doe give freely unto Jonathan Brewster of Pequett, a tract of land, being a plaine of arable land, bounded on the south side with a great Coave called Poccatannocke, on the north with old Poccatuck path that goes to the Trading Coave, &c. For, in consideration thereof, the said Jonathan Brewster binds himself and his heirs to keep a house for trading goods with the Indians.”

Because Jonathan set up a trading post without the authority of the local government, he was censured, but the deed was confirmed by the town on 30 November 1652. He was “clarke” of the Town of Pequitt (New London) in September 1649, Deputy to the General Court of the Colony of Connecticut, 1650, 1655, 1656, 1657, and 1658, and served as Assistant to the Town in 1657.

On 1 September 1656, Jonathan “resolved for Old England,” according to a letter written to his sister-in-law, Sarah Brewster, widow of Love Brewster. However, he did not return to England. He died intestate at New London in 1659, having deeded all of his property to his son, Benjamin, and his son-in-law, John Pickett, in 1658. John Pickett relinquished his rights to the property on 14 February 1661/2, and provided that his “mother-in-law, Mrs. Brewster, the late wife of his father, Mr. Jonathan Brewster, shall have a full and competent means out of the estate during her life, from the said Benjamin Brewster at her own dispose freely and fully to command at her own pleasure.”

Jonathan Brewster left an invaluable legacy to the Brewster family known as "The Brewster Book," a record in his own handwriting of the deaths of his mother and father, the birth dates of each of his children, and the marriage dates of his daughters, Mary and Ruth, his son, William, as well as his own birth and marriage dates. He apparently began the record after the marriage in Plymouth of his daughter, Mary, to John Turner in 1645, perhaps after he moved to Connecticut, leaving Mary and his grandchildren behind in Plymouth Colony, but before the date of his second entries, which follow the 1651 marriage of his son William. All of the entries in this book were contemporary and made by three people, Jonathan, his son Benjamin, and Benjamin’s great-grandson Jabez Fitch, Jr. The book has been of inestimable value to the Brewster family.

This page uses content from the English Wikipedia. The original content was at Jonathan Brewster. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with WeRelate, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.
References
  1. William Brewster, in Anderson, Robert Charles. The Great Migration Begins: Immigrants to New England, 1620-1633. (Boston: New England Historic Genealogical Society, 1995).

    citing MD 1:7 (probably quoting The Brewster Book, below)

  2. The Brewster Book, http://www.mayflowerfamilies.com/diaries/brewster_book.htm.

    Johnnathan Brewster was borne
    at Scroby in Nottinghamshyre.
    the 12th of August 1593

  3.   Jonathan Brewster, in Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia. (Online: Wikimedia Foundation, Inc.).

    the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

    Elder Jonathan Brewster (August 12, 1593 – August 7, 1659) was an early American settler, the son and eldest child of elder William Brewster and his wife, Mary. Brewster had two younger sisters, Patience and Fear, and two younger brothers, Love and Wrestling along with an unnamed brother who died young.

  4. See generally Stiles, Henry R. History and Genealogies of Ancient Windsor, Connecticut (1892)
The Fortune (1621)
The Fortune, the second ship to arrive at Plymouth, was sent by the Merchant Adventurers, the same group that financed the Mayflower. It arrived unexpectedly and without significant supplies, thus further stressing the colony. Upon return to England, the Fortune was carrying £500 of cargo to pay off the Pilgrims' debt, but it was captured by the French en route.
Sailed: 9 Aug 1621 from London, England under Master Thomas Barton
Arrived: 9 Nov 1621 at Plymouth, Massachusetts, shortly after the first Thanksgiving
Next Vessel: The Anne and the Little James (1623)

Passengers:
35; 17 families left descendants (Full List)
John Adams - William Bassett - Jonathan Brewster - Clement Briggs - Edward Bumpas - Robert Cushman (and son) - Stephen Deane - Phillip Delano - Ford family - Robert Hicks - William Hilton - Thomas Morton - William Palmer (and son)- Thomas Prence - Moses Simmons - John Winslow - William Wright

Resources: Primary Sources: Bradford's History of Plymouth Plantation - Mourt's Relation
Wikipedia: Arrival of the Fortune


Founders of Windsor, CT
Windsor was the first permanent English settlement in Connecticut. Local indians granted Plymouth settlers land at the confluence of the Farmington River and the west side of the Connecticut River, and Plymouth settlers (including Jonathan Brewster, son of William) built a trading post in 1633. But the bulk of the settlement came in 1635, when 60 or more people led by Reverend Warham arrived, having trekked overland from Dorchester, Massachusetts. Most had arrived in the New World five years earlier on the ship "Mary and John" from Plymouth, England. The settlement was first called Dorchester, and was renamed Windsor in 1637.

See: Stiles History of Ancient Windsor - Thistlewaite's Dorset Pilgrims - Wikipedia entry

Loomis homestead, oldest in CT.
Settlers at Windsor by the end of 1640, per the Descendants of the Founders of Ancient Windsor: Abbot - Alford - S. Allen - M. Allyn - Barber - Bartlett - M. (Barrett) (Huntington) Stoughton - Bascomb - Bassett - Benett - Birge - Bissell - Branker - Brewster - Buckland - Buell - Carter - Chappel - D. Clarke - J. Clarke - Cooke - Cooper - Denslow - Dewey - Dibble - Dumbleton - Drake - Dyer - Eels - Eggleston - Filley - Ford - Foulkes - Fyler - Gaylord - Francis Gibbs - William Gilbert - Jere. Gillett - Jon. Gillett - N. Gillett - Grant - Gridley - E. Griswold - M. Griswold - Gunn - Hannum - Hawkes - Hawkins - Hayden - Haynes - Hill - Hillier - Holcombe - Holmes - Holt - Hosford - Hoskins - Hoyte - Hubbard - Huit - Hulbert - Hull - Hurd - Hydes - Loomis - Ludlow - Lush - Marshfield - A. Marshall - T. Marshall - Mason - M. (Merwin) (Tinker) Collins - M. Merwin - Mills - Moore - Newberry - Newell - Oldage - Orton - Osborn - Palmer - Parsons - Parkman - Pattison - Phelps - Phelps - Phillips - Pinney - Pomeroy - Pond - Porter - Preston - Rainend - Randall - Rawlins - Reeves - J. Rockwell - W. Rockwell - B. Rossiter - St. Nicholas - Saltonstall - Samos - M. Sension (St. John) – R. Sension - Sexton - Staires - Starke - F. StilesH. Stiles - J. StilesT. Stiles - Stoughton - Stuckey - Talcott - E. Taylor - J. Taylor - Terry - Thornton - Thrall - Tilley - Tilton - Try - F. (Clark) (Dewey) (Phelps) - Vore - Warham - Weller - Whitehead - A. Williams - J. Williams - R. Williams - Wilton - Winchell - Witchfield - Wolcott - Young
Current Location: Hartford County, Connecticut   Parent Towns: Dorchester, Massachusetts   Daughter Towns: Windsor Locks; South Windsor; East Windsor; Ellington; Bloomfield