- John Throckmorton1601 - 1684
Facts and Events
||9 May 1601
||Norwich, Norfolk, England
||Boston, Suffolk, Massachusetts, United States
||Wessex, Englandto Rebecca Farrand
||17 Mar 1683
||Middletown, Monmouth, New Jersey, United States
||Mar or Apr 1684
||Middletown, Monmouth, New Jersey, United States
- ↑ 1.0 1.1 John Throckmorton (settler), in Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia. (Online: Wikimedia Foundation, Inc.).
citing Moriarty, G. Andrews (October 1943). "Additions and Corrections to Austin's Genealogical Dictionary of Rhode Island". The American Genealogist 20: 116-8.
- ↑ George Throckmorton, in Anderson, Robert Charles. The Great Migration Begins: Immigrants to New England, 1620-1633. (Boston: New England Historic Genealogical Society, 1995).
Many sources claim that John Throckmorton arrived in 1631 aboard the Lyon and was mis-recorded as "George Throckmorton". However, examination of the original freeman record shows "George", not "John", and there is no further record of a Throckmorton until John shows up five years later with Roger Williams. But it is unlikely given the prominence of John that he would have remained completely under the radar.
- by Schermer, Bonnie L. , in "Rebecca of Providence, Rhode Island" Historical Fiction Book about John & Rebecca.
Published By: Universe.com Publication Date: 17 Nov 2003, Paperback, 232 pgs. This book states Rebecca's name is Colville (incorrect) it is Farrand.
1605-1683 Brief Description Synopsis
Rebecca throckmorton has been reared by Puritans in England, and thinks she sknows all about obedience and faith. In 1631, she travels with her husband and young children to the Massachucetts Bay colony. Aboard the ship Lyon, the same ship as Roger Williams, the hot tempered, radical husband of Rebecca's best friend. Upon arrival in the Americas, the Throckmortons and Williams embarked on an intellectual journey, exploring liberty of conscience. When the Puritan authorities excommunicate them, these families travel south to establish Providence, Rhode Island, 'the dearest place on earth.' A disastrous attempt to colonized eastern New Netherland with Anne Hutchinson sends the Throckmortons back to Providence. Together, they face threats to the colony including King Phillips War. Although written as fiction, Rebecca's story is built on the genealogy of the Throckmorton family interwoven with the history of New England
- .....Throckmortons of Southern Ohio....
Bassingbourne (a grocer) born Norwich 1564. An Alderman, married Mary Hill and died in 1638 - parents of "our" John who came to America in 1630. Children: Lyonel born ca. 1595 - Thomas John born, baptised May 1601 - Miles born ca. 1605 - Robert born abt. 1610 - Simon - George - Mary - Elizabeth - Ursula - Mary ob sp.
John Throckmorton, "gentleman", b. in England in the first decade of 1600. Of his early life nothing is known except that he was an officer of an English Municipal Corporation and had some acquaintance with law. At the height of the Puritan emigration he, with his wife Rebecca, embarked from Bristol, Dec. 1st 1630 in the ship Lyon for America. Among the passengers was the celebrated Roger Williams with whom John Throckmorton sustained relations of intimacy.
After a tedious and stormy voyage of 65 days the ship arrived off Nantasket Beach, Feb 5,(Gov. Winthrop, recorded Feb 5th) 1631 (legal yr 1630)
" The ship Lyon, Mr. William Pierce, ( William Pierce is the brother of the ancestor on my other side of the family. Elda LaVerne Pierce Throckmortons family. It's neat to think these families were together in 1631) Master, arrived at Nantasket. She brought Mr. Williams,(Roger Williams) a godly minister, with his wife, Mr Throgmorton, Perkins and others, with their wives and children, about twenty passengers, and about 200 tons of goods. She set sail from Bristol Dec, 1st. She had a very tempestuous passage, yet through God's mercy, all her people came safely, except Way, his son, who fell over the Spirits ail yard in a tempest, and could not be recovered, though he kept in sight near a quarter of an hour; her goods, also, came all in good condition."
John Throckmorton settled at Salem, then the chief port of New England, and took the oath of freeman 18th May the same year. He made purchases of land in the Forest River section of Mass., now known as Marblehead Farms. "Throckmorton Cove," which commemorates his name, makes in at Salem Harbor.
John and Robert (his brother) were among the early settlers of the New England States, NJ and VA. It is said that Robert settled in Virginia and started a family of far reaching ancestry. Then he became ill and returned to England to die.
Certainly John Throckmorton made his mark in the new world. He was quite prominent in early history and lived in Salem, Providence and Long Island before taking up land in Monmouth Co., NJ. He did not live there, but his children did and while on a visit to them, he died in 1687 and with Rebecca, his second wife is buried in Middletown, NJ in the Taylor Burying Ground on the north side of the village. Here his eldest son, John is also buried and his two sons, Sarah, daughter of John Jr. and husband, Moses Lippit. Her sister, Alice and husband Thomas Stillwell and son John and his wife, Mercy Burrows, and many others of this family.
John Throckmorton probably went to RI during the summer of 1636.
- by C. Wickliffe Throckmorton (F-23) pgs 210, 211, in Throckmorton and Allied Families 1066-1926.
"John Throckmorton of Salem, Providence, Throggs Neck and Middletown, NJ: born at Norwich, England; baptized 9 May, 1601. Apprenticed to his uncle, Robert Debney, alderman of Norwich, 20th March, 1620-21, for "7 1/2 years from Christmas 1620 to the mystery and art of a scrivner; to be taught said mystery, maintained for said term, and at termination to receive double apparel." He embarked at Bristol, England, Dec 1, 1630, in ship Lyon and arrived at Boston, Feb 5, 1631, and went to Salem, MA. He was made a Freeman on May 18, 1631.
He moved to Rhode Island, owing to religious differences, on Oct 8, 1638. He was one of the twelve persons to whom Roger Williams deeded land that he had bought from Canonicus and Mantonomi. April 22, 1639, he bought of Rogers Williams his interest in Chibochiwest, now called Prudence Island. On July 27, 1640, he and thirty-eight others signed an agreement for a form of government.
On July 6, 1643, he obtained a grant of land for himself and thirty-five associates of Governor Kieft in New York. It was situated at what is now called Throgg's Neck (an abbreviation of Throgmorton).
His settlement here was of but short duration, for Mr. Winthrop records, in September of this year, that the Indians set upon the English, who dwelt under the Dutch, and killed "such of Mr. Throckmorton's and Mr. Cornhill's families as were at home."
He further says of the English settlers; "These people had cast off ordinances and churches, and now at last their own people and for larger accommodation had subjected themselves to the Dutch and dwelt scatteringly near a mile asunder." Some who escaped the Indian attack went back to Rhode Island.
John throckmorton was living in Prvidence, February 7, 1647. for on that date he was granted "the house and land that was Edward Cope's and that he shall either bring a discharge for the town from the creditors of said Edward Cope, or else pay into the hands of the deputies of Providence L15 in wampum at or gefore May 15". He was Moderator, 1652-1655; Freeman, 1664 to 1675, Deputy. He swore allegiance May 31, 1667. Town Council, 1677, Town Treasurer. Married Rebecca Colvill (not Colvill, but Farrand). Died 1687 and was buried in middletown, NJ, where he had probably gone to visit his children. He early took up lands in NY, but never permanently settle there, although all his sons removed there.
Issue: F-33-1. Freegift Throckmorton, born-------------, died May, 1669, on the Island of Jamaica.
F-34-2. Patience Throckmorton, born 1640, died 7th Sep,1676; married December, 1655, John Coggeshall, born 1616, died 1st Oct 1708 son of John and Mary Coggeshall."
- by Sitherwood , in Throckmorton Family History, person 1, pgs. 7, 37, 45-55, 294.
John Throckmorton was the first Throckmorton to come from England. He came to New England in the ship Lyon 1630/31. He came with Roger Williams, who was his friend. John was a "gentleman". born in England in 1600. He was an officer of an English Municipal Corporation and had some acquaintance with law. At the height of the Puritan emigration he, with his wife Rebecca, embarked from Bristol, Dec. 1st 1630. in the Lyon for America. After a tedious and stormy voyage of sixty-five days the ship arrived off Nantasket Beach, Feb 5th 1631. Boston Mass.
Governor Winthrop records, "The ship Lyon, Mr. William Pierce, (William Pierce is the brother of our Pierce ancestor George ) Master, arrived at Nantasket. She brought Mr. Williams, a godly minister, with his wife, Mr. Throgmorton, Perkins and others, with their wives and children, about twenty passengers, and about two-hundred tons of goods. She had a very tempestuous passage, yet through God's mercy, all her people came safely, except Way, his, son, who fell over the yard in a tempest, and could not be recovered, though he kept in sight near a quarter of an hour; her goods; also, came all in good condition.
John Throckmorton settled at Salem, then the chief port of New England, and took the oath of freeman 18th May the same year, 1631. He made purchases of land in the Forest River section of Mass now known as Marblehead Farms. Throckmorton Cove, which commemorates his name, makes in at Salem Harbor. He retained this land after he removed from Salem, 7th month 1642. He brought an action of tresspasse upon the cove against John Gilbert to the dam of 41r. And Gilbert was ordered to pay Mr. Throckmorton XXXin money, corne, beaurer, or cattell.
In Jan. 1636, when Roger Williams fled from the tyranny and persecution of the Salem Church to Rhode Island and made "Covenates of a peaceable Neighbourhood with all the Sachems and Natives Round about," he communicated his purchase unto his "Loving Friend John Throckmorton, who might desire to take shelter with him. Throckmorton probably went to RI during the summer of 1636 when Mrs. Williams joined her husband. Williams speaks of neighbour Throckmorton in letters in June and July 1637. John was one of the twelve to whom Williams deeded land he had purchased from Canonicus and Mantonomi. (They were Indian Narragansett Schamens)
John Throckmorton was among the fifty-four persons to whom was allotted the first home lots in Providence and one of the three men on the committee which formed the original list of lots and the towne Street on which they lay. His lot was not far above the Quaker Meeting House, when Roger Williams turned Baptist and founded the first Baptist Church in America with twelve constituent members, John Throckmorton and his wife were on the "List of Original Members Received in l638. This re-baptism of adults, who had been previously baptized by sprinkling, gave great offence to the Salem Church when they heard of it, and they were promptly excommunicated.
April 22, 1639, John Throckmorton bought Roger William's interest in Prudence Island there to live or erected a traiding-house. He retained his interest in this island for more than fifteen years. July 27, 1640 Throckmorton and thirty-others signed an agreement for a form of government.
In 1642 he sought permission from the Dutch authorities to make a settlement with thirty-five English families and was granted the long point of land jutting out into Long Island Sound, to which he was destined to give his name of corruption of it, "Throg's Neck". John organized these 35 families and made a town.
Among the thirty-five associates who accompanied Throckmorton to New Amsterdam were Thomas Cornell and Mrs. Anne Hutchinson. Anne Marbury Hutchinson was a religious leader in colonial America. She began to attack the prevailing views at religious meetings in her home, and advanced the idea of a direct, personal contact with divine grace and love without regard to church or minister. The resulting argument split the whole colony. She was brought to trial and banished in 1637. She was expelled from the the church in 1638. The Hutchinson family moved to RI. , later to Long Island, and then to what is now Pelham Bay, NY. Indians killed her and all but one of her children there.
I can't help but feel that perhaps John Throckmorton held some of her views since they settled in the same places. His settlement here, was of short duration. In Sept. of the same year, 1643, the Indians set upon the English, who dwelt under the Dutch and killed such of Mr. Throckmortons and Cornell families as were at home. Anne Hutchinson and her family were cruelly murdered. The opportune passage of a boat enabled number of the settlers to escape but as many as remained were slaughtered, their cattle killed and their homes and barns destroyed. It is supposed that Throckmorton and Cornell were in New Amsterdam at the time with part of their children. Throckmorton did not return to the "Neck" to live after the massacre, but went back to Rhode Island with his family. He owned the Neck until Oct. 1653. He retained his interest in Prudence Island.
Roger Williams wrote to Gov Winthrop and told him John Throckmorton was in a full laden vessel to anchor by Saconett rocks, but it pleased God his new cable cut by the rocks, and he drove upon RI shore, where it is feared the vessel was spoiled but, he saved his goods." Another time John about died at sea. His vessel was turned on one side, in much danger, his canoe fell over from him and was lost, his oars, etc, but God brought him mercifully safe in hither to Newport.
John Throckmorton was quite prominent man in the early history of Providence, as indicated by the public records.
In the spring of 1672 George Fox, the founder of the society of Friends (Quakers) visited Newport, RI. John Throckmorton became a Quaker. While the Quakers were not persecuted in RI, Roger Williams hated their doctrines. Roger Williams wrote heated debates about the doctrine of George Fox.
John Throckmorton wrote at least four recorded letters to Roger Williams Chastising him. John said, "Repent, repent, and mind the manifestation of the Spirit, which is given to every one to profit with all, and knocks at the door of thy Heart, for entrance, which being rejected will be thy condemnation. If thou rejected this my faithful witness for the Lord, I then say with John in the Revelation, let him that is filthy be filthy still, and so remains."
Thy friend and Neighbour J.T.
John said, "Thou chargest me to have gotten into the Chair of Judging: Thy two scripts I return Physician heal thy self. The wisdom of man puffeth up; but the wisdom of God humbleth, that God may be all in all."
Roger Williams was angry with John, his friend of forty years. Roger began to take an action against Rebecca Throckmorton as common opposer of all authority. How did Roger Williams get the reputation of being an apostle of Freedom of Thought in Religion? He didn't allow even his friends to oppose him.
In April 8, 1665 John Throckmorton had joined with residents of Gravesend, RI in the Middletown Purchase of land, Monmouth Co, NJ. He did not become an actual settler there, but Job and John his children did.
John deeded land to his son John. "For and in consideration of the natural love and affection, which I have; and beare unto my son John inhabitant of middletowne within the province of New Jearsey, et." This was on Long Island.
Mr. Throckmorton had probably gone on a visit to his children in Middletown, NJ and there died and was buried in the ancient Throckmorton-Lippit-Taylor Burying-Ground. Today the grave is unmarked, but it is probably near where his son Job's stone stands.
The early records of RI note the failure of Rebecca Throckmorton to go to church and the Middlesex Court Records show that she acted as midwife in Providence. Roger Williams made a presentment against Rebecca Throckmorton (and four others), as common opposers of all authority, No person came to make good the charge against them and so they were acquitted.
John Throckmorton was one of the leading representative men of the good old Colonial times, and was most actively identified with its business an political interests. He must have been a man of wealth, also, as he made large purchases of real property in MA, RI, NY and NJ. He education and position in society was high. He had a ecletic circle of friends, Roger Williams, Anne Hutchinson, Gov Winthrop etc. He had many positions of honor and trust imposed upon him; moderator, deputy, treasurer, committee man, etc. He was one of the original Proprietors of Providence Plantations, one of the Proprietors of Pawtucket, one of the original patentees of Monmouth Co. NJ and made the first infant settlement in Westchester Co.NY.
John apprenticed to his uncle, Robert Debney, a scrivener, (a professional or public writer; scribe, amanuensis= one employed to write from dictation or to copy manuscript a secretary) in 1620. At termination John was to receive double apparel (clothes)
Probate records of Middlesex Mass. 1670, John asked the court to give the goods of his son Freegift, who died in Jamaica to his son John.
- John Sparhawk Wurts, in Colonial and Revolutionary Families of PA, Volumes I-III.
John Throckmorton, father of Job, and grandfather of Mary Throckmorton Grandin, came from England with Roger Williams in the ship "Lyon" in 1631, and was one of the original proprietors of Rhode Island.
- Lamb's 'History of the City of New York' vol. I (1877).
In June 1643, Lady Moody settled Gravesend; during Indian attack, the town was defeated by forty men, and the Indians retreated [John E. Stillwell notes that Richard Stout was a resident of New Amsterdam in the spring of 1643, when he was employed by Gov. Kieft as a soldier in the spring uprising of that year; that he accompanied Lady Moody, with other settlers, to found Gravesend, between her arrival in June, and October of this same year]. 1643 was 'a year of blood'. March 1-4 Indians waged an all-out war on the Dutch; eleven tribes participated. In 1642, Anne Hutchinson, who had left Massachusetts for Rhode Island with other families and friends, seeking religious freedom, moved to New Netherlands, where she located at 'Annie's Hoeck', now Pelham Neck. John Throgmorton and thirty-five English families settled nearby, and the Dutch Gov. Kieft granted them freedom of worship. On 20 Sep 1643, Anne and all her family except one granddaughter were murdered by the Indians. The Indians then attacked Throgmorton's settlement and killed every person found at home. Peace was established 30 Aug 1645. 11 May 1647, the 'disastrous' administration of Gov. Kieft (sent by the Dutch West Indies Co., and landed at Manhattan 28 Mar 1638) ended. It is said that by that time 1/4 of New Amsterdam consisted of 'grog shops'- the city was so out of control under his misadministration. Gov. Kieft sailed for Holland on the Princess, along with the Rev. Ev. Bogardus; the ship was lost, all aboard perished. Keift's successor as Gov. was Peter Stuyvesant.
- Edwin Salter's , in History of Monmouth and Ocean Counties, New Jersey, 1890, reprined 1966, 1980. Pp. lviii-lix.
"John Throckmorton was one of the original purchasors of land in Monmouth, named in the settlement 1667, and was awarded a share. John Throckmorton 1st, came to Monmouth after 1673, and died previous to 1687, and was buried at Middletown...John Throckmorton, founder of the Throckmorton family of New Jersey, came with his wife to this country in the ship Lion, Capt. William Pierce, and landed on Nantasket Beach, near Boston, Feb. 1631 (legal year 16300. In the same ship, which was laden with provisions, came Roger Williams. Their arrival was at an opportune time; sickness and want of necessaries of life were almost exhausted and people of small or moderate means were on scanty allowance and a day of fasting and prayer was turned into one of thanksgiving and a proclamation was issued. In an Indian massacre, at Throg's Neck, Oct, 1643, the opportune passage of a boat enabled a number of settlers to escape, but as many as remained were slaughtered, their cattle killed and their houses and barns destroyed. In this massacre, it is stated that several members of the Throckmorton family were killed. The Throckmorton family derive their name from Throckmertown, or the Rockmoortown, which is situated in the vale of Evesham, in Warwickshire, England. John Throckmorton was lord of the manor of Throckmerton about sixty years after the Norman conquest. Eighth in descent from John Throckmorton lord of Throckmerton in 1130, was John Throckmorton, lord of Throgsmorton Neck, who left issue John Throckmorton. The patentee (of Throckmortn's Neck) is now represented by the Throckmortons of Middletown, N. J. The history and pedigree of the Throckmortons of Warwickshire, England, is given in Dugdale's antiquities of Warwickshire, vol. 2, pages 749-756. The Throckmorton family, like many others of New Jersey, had representatives on both sides of the contest in the war of the Revolution. On the American side were John, Samuel and others. Other members of the family adhered to the Crown. One John Throckmorton of Monmouth was a lieutenant in the New Jersey Royal Volunteers, and was taken prisoner on Staten Island in 1777 and sent to Trenton; and there was a John who was a lieutenant in the King's Rangers, who in Nov., 1782, retired to the Island of St. John. The crest of the Throckmortons was an elephant's head for seals to hang on watch guards, etc."
| Founders of Providence, Rhode Island
| Roger Williams was exiled from Massachusetts Bay in June 1636 for his religious beliefs. He settled the area now known as Providence with a few others, and two years in 1638 purchased it from the Narragansett. He then deeded 12/13 of it to twelve other religious dissenters known as the "Original Proprietors." There also exists in City Hall in Providence a manuscript that purports to show the lands of the first settlers, as originally allotted. It is undated, but appears to have been created before about 1650.
|First Comers with Williams: William Arnold, John Smith, William Harris, Francis Wickes, and possibly Joshua Verin and Thomas Angell
|Original Proprietors: Stukely Westcott, William Arnold, William Carpenter, John Greene, Thomas James, Robert Cole, William Harris, Thomas Olney, John Throckmorton, Francis Weston, Richard Waterman and Ezekiel Holliman.
|Other early landowners (from south to north): Robert Williams - Christopher Unthank - William Hawkins - Robert West - Hugh Bewitt - John Lippitt - Matthew Weston - Edward Hart - Thomas Hopkins - Widow Sayer - Widow Tiler - Nicholas Power - William Wickenden - William Man - William Burrow - Adam Goodwin - Thomas Harris - Joshua Winsor - John Field - William Field - Richard Scott - George Rickard - John Warner - Chad Brown - Daniel Abbott - William Reynods - John Sweet - Alice Daniels - Widow Reeve - Benedict Arnold - John Greene Jr. - Edward Manton - Thomas Painter - Matthew Waller - Gregory Dexter
|Resources: History of the State of Rhode Island - Lands and Houses of the First Settlers of Providence
Current Location: Newport County, Rhode Island Parent Towns: Boston Daughter Towns: Newport