Rev. John Casper Stöver, Jr.
d.13 MAY 1779 Cleona, Lebanon County, Pennsylvania
m. WFT Est 1704-1707
Facts and Events
Johann Caspar Stoever was born 21 Dec 1707, Ludorf, Solingen Amt, Germany. He came to America with his father, Johann Caspar Stoever, on Sept. 11, 1728, on the ship ' James Goodwill. The Stoevers, father and son, settled first at Conestoga, Earltown, Lancaster County, PA, where his father was a minister to the local Lutheran church.
in 1733 his father answered a call from the Germanna community in Virginia, and left the area. Johann Jr. was ordained as a minister April 8, 1733, and took over his fathers ministry. He was the first German Lutheran Minister to be ordained in America. On the same day as his ordination he married Catherine Merckling, daughter of Christian merckling and Mary Catherine, and born in 1715 in Lambshein in the Palatinate.
Earl Town remained the center of his pastoral duties until 1742 when he relocated to Lebanon Township, Lancaster County, PA. Here, he continued with his ministry, but with several others formed the Lebanon Land Company, purchasing large tracts of land. Some of that land was later deeded to the Evangelical Lutheran Church, called Salem Church. He is described as
...a well-dressed colonial pastor and an educated man full of energy and ambition [but]...his manner was sometimes violent and rough. He started numerous churches and accumulated a large amount of wealth. He served as scribe for the people on civil matters, such as deeds; many of the old deeds of Lancaster County are in his handwriting. In 1762, he was authorized by the government to issue marriage licenses and then to perform the marriages.
Stoever died 13 May 1779. He was buried in the cemetery of Hill Lutheran Church, Lebanon Co., PA.
Johann Caspar Stoever's father was also named Johann Caspar Stoever. This has led to some confusion, with some authors identifying the elder Stoever as moving to Germanna, and others making it the younger Stoever who moved to Germanna. Source:Early, 1910 provides a detailed analysis of the two Stoever's, and concludes that it was the father who relocated to Germanna.