John Oldcastell, Lord Oldcastle
b.abt 1370 of, Almeley, Herefordshire, England
d.14 Dec 1417 St. Giles-in-the-Fields, Holborn, Middlesex, England
Facts and Events
KINSHIP: Son and heir. KINSHIP: 4th husband of 3rd wife.
BIRTH: Date> Probably about 1370.
OFFICE: Captain of Builth Castle 1400; constable of Kidwelly Castle; keeper of the castle and town of Hay 1404. OFFICE: Knight of the shire Herefordshire, England 1403/1404. OFFICE: [J.P.] Justice of the Peace 1406; sheriff 1406. ASSIGNMENTS: Summoned to Parliament 1409-1412/1413.
DISTINCTION: Leader of the Lollards. HONORS: Knighted before 1400.
TITLES: Became by writ Lord Oldcastle or Lord Cobham 1409. TITLES: Extinct> Upon his death in 1417 any Barony created by writ became extinct.
RESIDENCE: Of Almeley, Herfordshire, England.
PUNISHMENT: Imprisonment and Execution> Pronounced by Court Eccelesiastical an incorrigible heretic 1413; imprisoned in Tower; escaped from Tower; captured in Wales, conveyed to London, tried and sentenced to be hanged; hanged as a heretic as a Lollard, and a traitor.
DEATH: Cause> Hanged. DEATH: Date Correction> Listed as "25 Dec 1417" in 'The Complete Peerage', vol. 3 p. 345, and 'Plantagenet Ancestry of Seventeenth-Century Colonists', 2nd ed. p. 383 WYATT:8; day of death amended to "14th" in the 'The Complete Peerage', vol. 14 p. 195 [COBHAM p. 345 line 21].
INVESTIGATE: Kinship> Has been stated that he had by 1st wife, 2 sons and 2 daughters, not identified; by 2nd wife, no issue; by 3rd wife, a daughter who was presumably Joan, Lady Cobham's daughter by her second husband, Sir Reynold Braybroke, see The Complete Peerage vol. 10 p. 48 fn. b.
Sir John Oldcastle (died 14 December 1417) was an English Lollard leader. Being a friend of Henry V, he long escaped prosecution for heresy. When convicted, he escaped from the Tower of London and then led a rebellion against the King. Eventually, he was captured and executed in London. He formed the basis for William Shakespeare's character John Falstaff, who was originally called John Oldcastle.