Person:John Oldcastle (1)

John Oldcastell, Lord Oldcastle
Facts and Events
Name John Oldcastell, Lord Oldcastle
Gender Male
Birth[1][2] abt 1370 of, Almeley, Herefordshire, England
Marriage Bef 18 Jul 1408 to Joan de la Pole, Baroness Cobham
Death[1][3][2] 14 Dec 1417 St. Giles-in-the-Fields, Holborn, Middlesex, England

KINSHIP: Son and heir. KINSHIP: 4th husband of 3rd wife.

BIRTH: Date> Probably about 1370.

OFFICE: Captain of Builth Castle 1400; constable of Kidwelly Castle; keeper of the castle and town of Hay 1404. OFFICE: Knight of the shire Herefordshire, England 1403/1404. OFFICE: [J.P.] Justice of the Peace 1406; sheriff 1406. ASSIGNMENTS: Summoned to Parliament 1409-1412/1413.

DISTINCTION: Leader of the Lollards. HONORS: Knighted before 1400.

TITLES: Became by writ Lord Oldcastle or Lord Cobham 1409. TITLES: Extinct> Upon his death in 1417 any Barony created by writ became extinct.

RESIDENCE: Of Almeley, Herfordshire, England.

PUNISHMENT: Imprisonment and Execution> Pronounced by Court Eccelesiastical an incorrigible heretic 1413; imprisoned in Tower; escaped from Tower; captured in Wales, conveyed to London, tried and sentenced to be hanged; hanged as a heretic as a Lollard, and a traitor.

DEATH: Cause> Hanged. DEATH: Date Correction> Listed as "25 Dec 1417" in 'The Complete Peerage', vol. 3 p. 345, and 'Plantagenet Ancestry of Seventeenth-Century Colonists', 2nd ed. p. 383 WYATT:8; day of death amended to "14th" in the 'The Complete Peerage', vol. 14 p. 195 [COBHAM p. 345 line 21].

INVESTIGATE: Kinship> Has been stated that he had by 1st wife, 2 sons and 2 daughters, not identified; by 2nd wife, no issue; by 3rd wife, a daughter who was presumably Joan, Lady Cobham's daughter by her second husband, Sir Reynold Braybroke, see The Complete Peerage vol. 10 p. 48 fn. b.


the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Sir John Oldcastle (died 14 December 1417), English Lollard leader. Being a friend of Henry V, he long escaped prosecution for heresy. When convicted, he escaped from the Tower of London and then led a rebellion against the King. Eventually, he was captured and executed in London. He formed the basis for William Shakespeare's character John Falstaff, who was originally called John Oldcastle.

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References
  1. 1.0 1.1 Richardson, Douglas. Plantagenet ancestry : a study in colonial and medieval families. (Baltimore, Maryland: Genealogical Publishing Co Inc, c2004), p. 383 WYATT:8, Primary quality.
  2. 2.0 2.1 Richardson, Douglas. Plantagenet ancestry : a study in colonial and medieval families. (Baltimore, Maryland: Genealogical Publishing Co Inc, c2004), p. 776 WYATT:12, Primary quality.
  3. Richardson, Douglas. Plantagenet ancestry : a study in colonial and medieval families. (Baltimore, Maryland: Genealogical Publishing Co Inc, c2004).
  4.   John Oldcastle, in Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia. (Online: Wikimedia Foundation, Inc.).