Person:John Marshall (134)

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John Marshall
m. 17 Jun 1861
  1. George Marshall1861 - 1929
  2. William Charles Marshall1863 - 1941
  3. Sarah Marshall1865 - 1938
  4. Joseph Marshall1868 - 1910
  5. John Marshall1870 - 1945
  6. Rosa Elizabeth Marshall1872 - 1942
  7. Emily Eliza Marshall1874 - 1967
  8. Rachel Ellen Marshall1877 - 1949
m. 25 Mar 1894
  1. Ralph Marshall1895 - 1917
  2. Stanley George Marshall1896 - 1970
  3. Stewart John Marshall1899 - 1966
  4. Elizabeth Cissie Marshall1901 - 1997
  5. George Marshall1904 - 1989
Facts and Events
Name John Marshall
Gender Male
Birth[1] 8 Sep 1870 Luton, Bedfordshire, EnglandAlbert Road
Census[2] 2 Apr 1871 Luton, Bedfordshire, England39 Albert Road
Census[3] 3 Apr 1881 Luton, Bedfordshire, England46 Albert Road
Census[4] 5 Apr 1891 Luton, Bedfordshire, England46 Albert Road
Marriage 25 Mar 1894 Luton, Bedfordshire, EnglandSt Mary
to Elizabeth Kempson
Census[5] 31 Mar 1901 Luton, Bedfordshire, England33 Albert Road
Census[6] 2 Apr 1911 Luton, Bedfordshire, England44 Cambridge Street
Death[7] 4 Jun 1945 Luton, Bedfordshire, England44 Cambridge Street

Childhood

John Marshall was born on 8th September 1870 at Albert Road in Luton, Bedfordshire. He was the son of Rachel Ellen Marshall, formerly Linney, and her husband George Marshall, both of whom worked in the straw hat making industry. John appears to have been the fifth of eight children.

The 1871, 1881 and 1891 censuses all find John living at home with his parents and siblings in Albert Road. However, the family did spend a brief period living in Peterborough, where John's father worked as a railway labourer. John's sister Rachel was born there in 1877, but by 1881 the family had returned to Luton. By 1891, John was described as a bricklayer.

Adulthood

On 25th March 1894, aged 23, John married Elizabeth Kempson, who was 20. They had five children between 1895 and 1904: four boys and one girl. Having been a bricklayer in 1891, John described himself as a blocker when he married in 1894. He was a bricklayer again in 1901, when the family was living at 33 Albert Road. Come the 1911 census he was a straw trade blocker again - clearly he worked both as a bricklayer and a hat blocker at different times.

Some time between 1901 and 1903 the family settled at 44 Cambridge Street, which was to be John's home for the rest of his life.

In the First World War, John's eldest son, Ralph, enlisted in the army and served in northern France. Ralph was injured on 9th April 1917 and invalid back to a military hosptial at Le Treport on the Normandy coast. A telegram was sent to John on 19th April 1917: "Regret to report 31508 Cpl Marshall Machine Gun Corps dangerously ill at 16 General Hospital Le Treport France. He may be visited at public expense. Wire if you wish to go and await instructions"

John replied that same day: "Father and Miss Wildman wish visit Corpl Marshall" Lily Wildman was Ralph's girlfriend.

The next day (Friday 20th April 1917) John had to get a certificate signed by a sergeant in the Luton police, confirming that the family would not be able to afford the cost of a trip to France. Arrangements were made and John travelled with Lily Wildman, leaving Luton at 4.17am on Saturday 21st April 1917 to make the journey to Le Treport. They visited Ralph in hospital, where he died on Sunday 22nd April 1917. John and Lily returned home on Tuesday 24th April 1917.

After the war, Lily Wildman actually married John's second son, Stanley.

John and Elizabeth on their Golden Wedding Anniversary in 1944
Enlarge
John and Elizabeth on their Golden Wedding Anniversary in 1944
John's four surviving children all married, and three of those marriages produced children - John and Elizabeth had five grandchildren born between 1920 and 1938. John's first great grandchildren were born during the Second World War in the early 1940s, while John was still alive.

John died at home at 44 Cambridge Street on 4th June 1945, less than a month after the Allied victory in Europe. He was 74. Elizabeth outlived him by over 15 years.

References
  1. Birth certificate, in General Register Office. England and Wales Civil Registration. (London: General Register Office), Primary quality.

    REGISTRATION DISTRICT Luton
    1870. BIRTH in the Sub-district of Luton in the Counties of Beds and Herts
    No. 179
    When and where born: Eighth September 1870, Albert Road, Luton
    Name: John
    Sex: Boy
    Father: George Marshall, bonnet blocker
    Mother: Rachel Marshall, formerly Linney
    Informant: X the mark of George Marshall, father, Albert Road, Luton
    Registered: 13 Oct 1870
    Registrar: Charles Maffey

  2. General Register Office. The National Archives (TNA): Public Record Office (PRO) RG 10 General Register Office: 1871 Census Schedules, Class RG10; Piece 1573; Folio 18; Page 27, 2 Apr 1871, Primary quality.

    Address: 39 Albert Road, Luton, Bedfordshire
    George Marshall, head, married, male, 33 [1837/8], Straw Hat & Bonnet Blocker, b. Luton, Bedfordshire
    Rachael Marshall, wife, married, female, 29 [1841/2], Straw Hat & Bonnet Sewer, b. Leighton Buzzard, Bedfordshire
    George Marshall, son, male, 9 [1861/2], Scholar, b. Luton, Bedfordshire
    William C. Marshall, son, male, 7 [1863/4], Scholar, b. Luton, Bedfordshire
    Sarah Marshall, daughter, female, 5 [1865/6], Scholar, b. Leighton Buzzard, Bedfordshire
    Joseph Marshall, son, male, 2 [1868/9], b. Luton, Bedfordshire
    John Marshall, son, male, 6m [1870], b. Luton, Bedfordshire

  3. General Register Office. Public Record Office (PRO) RG 11 General Register Office: 1881 Census Schedules. (The National Archives), Class RG11; Piece 1651; Folio 76; Page 16, 3 Apr 1881, Primary quality.

    Address: 46 Albert Road, Luton, Bedfordshire
    George Marshall, head, married, male, 43 [1837/8], Engine driver at iron works, b. Luton, Bedfordshire
    Rachael E. Marshall, wife, married, female, 39 [1841/2], Straw hat machinist, b. Leighton Buzzard, Bedfordshire
    George Marshall, son, unmarried, male, 19 [1861/2], Straw hat blocker, b. Luton, Bedfordshire
    William C. Marshall, son, male, 17 [1863/4], Bricklayer, b. Luton, Bedfordshire
    Sarah Marshall, daughter, female, 15 [1865/6], Straw hat machinist, b. Leighton Buzzard, Bedfordshire
    Joseph Marshall, son, male, 13 [1867/8], Domestic servant, b. Luton, Bedfordshire
    John Marshall, son, male, 10 [1870/1], Scholar, b. Luton, Bedfordshire
    Rose E. Marshall, daughter, female, 8 [1872/3], Scholar, b. Luton, Bedfordshire
    Emily E. Marshall, daughter, female, 6 [1874/5], Scholar, b. Luton, Bedfordshire
    Rachael E. Marshall, daughter, female, 4 [1876/7], Scholar, b. Peterboro, Northamptonshire

  4. General Register Office. The National Archives (TNA): Public Record Office (PRO) RG 12 General Register Office: 1891 Census Schedules, Class RG12; Piece 1273; Folio 93; Page 24, 5 Apr 1891, Primary quality.

    Address: 46 Albert Road, Luton, Bedfordshire
    5 or more rooms occupied
    George Marshall, head, married, male, 53 [1837/8], Straw manufacturer, employer, b. Luton, Bedfordshire
    Rachel Marshall, wife, married, female, 49 [1841/2], Straw manufacturer, employer, b. Leighton Buz, Bedfordshire
    John Marshall, son, single, male, 20 [1870/1], Bricklayer, employed, b. Luton, Bedfordshire
    Rose Marshall, daughter, single, female, 18 [1872/3], Straw hat machinist, employed, b. Luton, Bedfordshire
    Emily Marshall, daughter, single, female, 16 [1874/5], Straw hat machinist, employed, b. Luton, Bedfordshire
    Rachel Marshall, daughter, single, female, 14 [1876/7], Straw hat finisher, employed, b. Peterborough, Northamptonshire

  5. General Register Office. The National Archives (TNA): Public Record Office (PRO) RG 13 General Register Office: 1901 Census Schedules, Class RG13; Piece 1516; Folio 119; Page 3, 31 Mar 1901, Primary quality.

    Address: 33 Albert Road, Luton, Bedfordshire
    5 or more rooms occupied
    John Marshall, head, married, male, 30 [1870/1], Bricklayer, worker, b. Luton, Bedfordshire
    Elizabeth Marshall, wife, married, female, 27 [1873/4], b. Luton, Bedfordshire
    Ralph Marshall, son, single, male, 6 [1894/5], b. Luton, Bedfordshire
    Stanley George Marshall, son, single, male, 4 [1896/7], b. Luton, Bedfordshire
    Stewart John Marshall, son, single, male, 2 [1898/9], b. Luton, Bedfordshire
    Agnes Kempson, visitor, single, female, 21 [1879/80], Straw hat finisher, worker, b. Luton, Bedfordshire

  6. General Register Office. The National Archives (TNA): Public Record Office (PRO) RG 14 General Register Office: 1911 Census Schedules, RG14PN8995 RG78PN479 RD178 SD2 ED2 SN230, 2 Apr 1911, Primary quality.

    Address: 44 Cambridge Street, Luton, Bedfordshire
    5 rooms occupied
    John Marshall, head, male, 40 [1870/1], married 17 years, 5 children born alive, 5 still living, Straw Trade Blocker, worker, b. Luton, Bedfordshire
    Elizabeth Marshall, wife, female, 38 [1872/3], married, b. Luton, Bedfordshire
    Ralph Marshall, son, male, 16 [1894/5], single, Straw Trade Clerk, worker, b. Luton, Bedfordshire
    Stanley Marshall, son, male, 14 [1896/7], single, Foundry, worker, b. Luton, Bedfordshire
    Stuart Marshall, son, male, 12 [1898/9], single, b. Luton, Bedfordshire
    Cissie Marshall, daugher, female, 9 [1901/2], single, b. Luton, Bedfordshire
    George Marshall, son, male, 6 [1904/5], single, b. Luton, Bedfordshire

  7. Death certificate, in General Register Office. England and Wales Civil Registration. (London: General Register Office), Primary quality.

    No.34, 4 Jun 1945, 44 Cambridge Street, Luton UD
    John Marshall, male, 74 years, Retired hat blocker
    Informant: G Marshall, son, present at the death, 73 Cambridge Street, Luton
    Registered: 5 Jun 1945

  8.   Kelly's Directory of Luton, 1903
    J. Marshall, 44 Cambridge Street