Person:John II of France (1)

John II "the Good" , of France
d.8 Apr 1364 London, England
Facts and Events
Name John II "the Good" , of France
Gender Male
Birth? 16 Apr 1319 Chateau De Gue De Maulny, Sarthe, FranceHouse of Valois
Christening? 7 May 1319 St. Julien, Le Mans, Sarthe, France
Marriage 5 APR 1332 to Bonne of Bohemia
Alt Marriage 01 MAY 1332 to Bonne of Bohemia
Alt Marriage 28 Jul 1332 to Bonne of Bohemia
Death? 8 Apr 1364 London, England
Ancestral File Number 9G4Q-37
Burial? Basilique Saint-Denis, Saint-Denis, Seine-Saint-Denis, France


the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

John II (16 April 1319 – 8 April 1364), called John the Good, was a monarch of the House of Valois who ruled as King of France from 1350 until his death.

When John II came to power, France was facing several disasters: the Black Death, which caused the death of nearly half of its population, free companies of routiers who plundered the country, and English aggression that resulted in disastrous military losses, including the Battle of Poitiers of 1356, in which John was captured.

While John was a prisoner in London, his son Charles became regent and faced several rebellions, which he overcame. To liberate his father, he concluded the Treaty of Brétigny (1360), by which France lost many territories and paid an enormous ransom.

In an exchange of hostages, including his son Louis, John was released from captivity to raise funds for his ransom. Upon his return in France, he created the franc to stabilize the currency and tried to get rid of the free companies by sending them to a crusade, but Pope Innocent VI died shortly before their meeting in Avignon. When John was informed that Louis had escaped from captivity, he voluntarily returned to England, where he died in 1364. He was succeeded by his son Charles V.

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References
  1.   John II of France, in Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia. (Online: Wikimedia Foundation, Inc.).
  2.   Jean II, Roi de France, in Lundy, Darryl. The Peerage: A genealogical survey of the peerage of Britain as well as the royal families of Europe.