Person:John III, Duke of Cleves (1)

John III , Duke of Cleves
b.10 Nov 1490
d.6 Feb 1538/39
m. 3 Nov 1489
  1. John III , Duke of Cleves - 1538/39
  2. Anna von Kleve - 1567
m. 01 OCT 1510
  1. Sybille of Cleves1512 - 1554
  2. Wilhelm , Duke of Jülich-Cleves-Berg1516 - 1592
  3. Anne of Cleves1515/16 - 1557
  4. Amalia of Cleves1517 - 1586
Facts and Events
Name John III , Duke of Cleves
Gender Male
Birth[1] 10 Nov 1490
Alt Birth? 10 NOV 1490 Kleef
Marriage 01 OCT 1510 to Maria of Jülich-Berg
Death[1] 6 Feb 1538/39


the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

John III the Peaceful, Duke of Cleves and Count of Mark (John III, Duke of Cleves; John I, Duke of Jülich-Berg; ; 10 November 1490 – 6 February 1538/9) was a son of John II, Duke of Cleves and Mathilde of Hesse, daughter of Henry III, Landgrave of Upper Hesse.

John III became Regent of the United Duchies of Jülich-Cleves-Berg in 1521, and Lord of Ravensberg in 1528.

John represented a compensatory attitude, which strove for a , a middle way, between the two confessions during the Protestant Reformation. Despite what others may have thought, not all Germanic princely houses were Lutheran Protestant. In fact the real influence at the court of Cleves was Erasmus. Many of his men were friends and followers of this well-educated Dutch scholar and theologian. When Duke John decided to write up a list of church regulations, Erasmus was the first person the Duke went to personally for consultation and approval.

Duke John had an instinct for balance as was shown when he married his eldest daughter Sybille to John Frederick of Saxony. John Frederick would go on to later head the Schmalkaldic League. In many ways John of Cleves' court was ideal for raising a Queen. It was fundamentally liberal, but serious-minded, theologically inclined, profoundly Erasmian; as the court of Catherine of Aragon had once been. It was from this court that his daughter Anne would be raised. Anne would go on to marry King Henry VIII of England as his fourth wife.

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References
  1. 1.0 1.1 John III, Duke of Cleves, in Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia. (Online: Wikimedia Foundation, Inc.).